Guru Nanak Dev Ji used to compose songs on the spot and sing. His disciples collected them in book form which was known as "Adigranth".
<ul><li>The first version was compiled by Guru Arjan Dev, in 1604 in the city of Amritsar </li></ul><ul><li>It contained hymns of the first five Sikh gurus and other great saints from the Hindu and Muslim traditions </li></ul>
<ul><li>Guru Arjan Dev (1563-1606) - a gifted poet and musician – classified all the songs/writings in 31 different ragas. </li></ul><ul><li>Guru Arjan Dev got approval of the rendering of ragas and singing style from the bards who were traditional singers and who roamed the country. </li></ul><ul><li>Written in the Gurmukhi script, it is written mainly in simple Punjabi but includes some use of other languages such as Braj, Old Punjabi, Hindi, and Persian. </li></ul>
After it was compiled, SGGS was installed in the newly built Golden Temple (Harmandar Sahib) in Amritsar, India in 1604.
<ul><li>Guru Gobind Singh (1660- 1708), the tenth and last Guru of Sikhs, affirmed the sacred text, the Adi Granth, as his successor, terminating the line of human Gurus, and elevated the text to Guru Granth Sahib. “Granth” means book; “Sahib” is a respectful title. </li></ul>
<ul><li>The original scribe of the Adi Granth was Bhai Gurdas and later Bhai </li></ul><ul><li>Mani Singh. </li></ul><ul><li>After the demise of the tenth Sikh Guru many handwritten copies </li></ul><ul><li>were prepared for distribution by Baba Deep Singh. </li></ul>
<ul><li>From that point on, the text has remained not only the holy scripture of </li></ul><ul><li>the Sikhs, but is also regarded by them as the living embodiment of the </li></ul><ul><li>ten Gurus. </li></ul>
<ul><li>Guru Nanak’s message of love conveys a deep thirst for the Divine Naam. </li></ul><ul><li>It speaks of purity of heart, body mind and deeds. </li></ul><ul><li>It speaks of a divine bond, a love that goes beyond color, race and status. </li></ul>
<ul><li>An encyclopaedia in song </li></ul><ul><li>Compendium of philosophy in verse </li></ul><ul><li>Treasury of the music of saints </li></ul><ul><li>Mystical light joined to the material form by the thread of Word (shabad) </li></ul><ul><li>Chart for the pathways to the mountain peak of highest realisation. </li></ul><ul><li>Guide to social reformation </li></ul><ul><li>Clarion call to equality of all classes, races, religions </li></ul><ul><li>Coffer containing secrets of yogis, Sufis, saints of all paths and ages—locked to the blind, open to hearts filled with devotion </li></ul>
<ul><li>“ Guru Granth Sahib enshrines the message of universal brotherhood and good of all mankind." </li></ul><ul><li>Dalai Lama , The Spiritual Leader Of Tibetan Buddhism </li></ul>The voices of 36 saints and servants of God sing the nearly 6000 songs as though a single choir in the cathedral of the universal mind.
<ul><li>The teachings reflected in SGGS stress a </li></ul><ul><li>Peaceful </li></ul><ul><li>Liberal </li></ul><ul><li>Free </li></ul><ul><li>Fearless </li></ul><ul><li>society across the world. </li></ul>
Mardanea – vaja rabab – banee ayee a Music is set to play automatically
The poetry of SGGS is in itself a subject worthy of the highest consideration.
Bhai Mani Sahib Ji, a scholar and true Sikh of Guru Gobind Singh Ji wrote down the bani's as dictated by Guru Sahib Ji, accomplished the compilation of the Dasam Granth in a mere 5 years after the ascension of Guru Sahib Ji in times that were very turbulent and fraught with danger and treachery. This should be recognized as a phenomenal achievement. Bhai Mani Singh Ji was a playmate, classmate and devoted disciple of Guru Gobind Singh Ji and an extraordinary scholar of his time who was martyred at Lahore, wrote this historical letter to Mata Sundari Ji (the wife of Guru Gobind Singh Ji) at Delhi 1716. This note clears up many controversies and points to the authenticity of Dasam Granth Sahib Ji.
The world's smallest Granth Sahib is a complete miniature scripture, 2.5cm wide and 2.5cm tall and is bound in gold. It was published in Germany close to 100 years ago. The miniatures were apparently created for soldiers of the Sikh regiment when they went to war, as it could be easily carried.