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Viktor shklovsky

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Viktor shklovsky

  1. 1. Viktor Shklovsky: Art as Technique Student: Johann Stoll Caracas, November 2011
  2. 2. <ul><li>Viktor Shklovsky and Russian </li></ul><ul><li>Formalists thrived in Moscow </li></ul><ul><li>from 1916 until 1930. </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Parting from the statement “Art </li></ul><ul><li>is thinking in images”, Shklovsky </li></ul><ul><li>frameworks his ideas. </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>“ Poets are much more concerned </li></ul><ul><li>with arranging images than with </li></ul><ul><li>creating them”. </li></ul><ul><li>Theory rises: “imagery equals </li></ul><ul><li>symbolism” </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Thus giving way to the introduction </li></ul><ul><li>of figures of speech: metaphoric </li></ul><ul><li>and metonymic. </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Economy of mental effort: “a satis- </li></ul><ul><li>factory style is…which delivers the </li></ul><ul><li>greatest amount of thought in the </li></ul><ul><li>fewest words”. </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Habitualization and familiarizaton: </li></ul><ul><li>“ And art…exists to make one feel </li></ul><ul><li>things, to make the stone stony”. </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>So “the purpose of art is to impart </li></ul><ul><li>the sensation of things as they are </li></ul><ul><li>perceived and not as they are </li></ul><ul><li>known”. </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>“ Tolstoy makes the familiar seem </li></ul><ul><li>by not naming the familiar object. </li></ul><ul><li>He describes an object as if he were </li></ul><ul><li>seeing it for the first time”. </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>The purpose of an image is “not to </li></ul><ul><li>make us perceive meaning, but </li></ul><ul><li>to create a special perception of </li></ul><ul><li>the object”. </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>References </li></ul><ul><li>Con Davies, R. and Schleifer, R. (1994). Contemporarty Literary Criticism. Literary and Cultural Studies. New York and London: Longman. </li></ul>

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