Reaching Vulnerable Children and Youth with Economic Opportunities

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Presentation on reaching vulnerable children and youth with economic opportunities delivered by Jason Wolfe of USAID's Microenterprise Development office at a panel on "Approaching Vulnerable Children and Youth" convened by IREX on September 22, 2010.

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Reaching Vulnerable Children and Youth with Economic Opportunities

  1. 1. Reaching Vulnerable Children & Youth with Economic Opportunities Jason Wolfe, USAID [email_address]
  2. 2. STANDARDS FOR SUCCESS <ul><li>Spheres of Impact </li></ul><ul><li>Situation & Segmentation </li></ul><ul><li>Sequencing </li></ul><ul><li>Systems: Scale & Sustainability </li></ul><ul><li>Stimulating vs. Serving </li></ul>
  3. 3. SPHERES OF IMPACT <ul><li>Children </li></ul><ul><li>Reinforce caregiving structures </li></ul><ul><li>Expect direct impact on families </li></ul><ul><li>Special attention to unintended impacts </li></ul><ul><li>Youth </li></ul><ul><li>Transition to independent adults </li></ul><ul><li>Expect direct impact on individuals </li></ul>
  4. 4. SITUATION & SEGMENTATION <ul><li>Achieving Focus & Clarity </li></ul><ul><li>Who are the children and youth we hope to reach? </li></ul><ul><li>Why are they vulnerable? </li></ul><ul><li>What do we know about their needs and desires? </li></ul><ul><li>Understanding the Environment </li></ul><ul><li>Who are the decision-makers and influencers? </li></ul><ul><li>What affects their engagement and choices? </li></ul><ul><li>What's already working? What's missing? Why? </li></ul>
  5. 5. SEQUENCING <ul><li>Oriented towards growth </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Provision </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Protection </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Promotion </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Focused on life transition </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Education </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Work </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Health and family formation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Citizenship </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. SYSTEMS: SCALE & SUSTAINABILITY <ul><li>What are systems? </li></ul><ul><li>Market systems </li></ul><ul><li>Clusters of coordinated services </li></ul><ul><li>Why are they important? </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce costs </li></ul><ul><li>Increase outreach </li></ul><ul><li>Improve outcomes </li></ul><ul><li>Sustain change and innovation </li></ul>
  7. 7. STIMULATING vs. SERVING <ul><li>Principles of Facilitation </li></ul><ul><li>Intensity </li></ul><ul><li>Relationships </li></ul><ul><li>Ownership </li></ul><ul><li>Process of Facilitation </li></ul><ul><li>Find leverage </li></ul><ul><li>Demonstrate </li></ul><ul><li>Scale up and exit </li></ul>
  8. 8. PRINCIPLES <ul><li>Be clear about objectives and target population </li></ul><ul><li>Take a cross-sectoral approach and ensure open dialogue throughout the program </li></ul><ul><li>Base program design on sound market analysis </li></ul><ul><li>Seek change in small, riskable steps </li></ul><ul><li>Develop interventions for sustainability and scalability </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid mixing the direct provision of services and the facilitation of livelihoods strategies </li></ul><ul><li>Identify robust indicators to effectively track performance, outcomes, and impact </li></ul><ul><li>Do no harm to the private sector </li></ul>

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