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Teaching in multicultural classromre

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Teaching in multicultural classromre

  1. 1. Distributed  So-ware  Development  –   Sweden  -­‐  Croa8a  
  2. 2. Distributed  project     Supervisors   MDH   FER   MDH   FER   Students   Students   Project  group  4   2013-­‐02-­‐06  
  3. 3. What  would  be  success?   Supervisors   MDH   FER   IDt   FER   Students   Students   Project  group  5   2013-­‐02-­‐06  
  4. 4. Risk     Supervisors   MDH   FER   IDE   FER   Students   Students   Project          group  6   2013-­‐02-­‐06  
  5. 5. What  would  be  disaster?   Supervisors   MDH   FER   IDE   FER   Students   Students  7   2013-­‐02-­‐06  
  6. 6. What  would  be  that?   (maybe  OK,  but  not  good  for  the  final  students  resultsJ)   Supervisors   MDH   FER   IDE   FER   Students   Students   Project  group  8   2013-­‐02-­‐06  
  7. 7. Distributed  So-ware  Development   Challenges  •  Global  Challenges   –  Out  of  sight,  out  of  mind   –  Technical  barriers   –  Physical  barriers–  space  &  =me   –  Language  barriers   –  Cultural  Challenges  •  Local  Challenges   –  Cultural  Challenges  
  8. 8. Way  of  thinking  and  presentning   a   Acsbah  a   A   the ghjkhgjQsaf   sdfgsdfgAsg   a   sdfgsdfgdsfg   A  or  B   maybe   a   So  Difficult..  
  9. 9. WAY  OF  THINKING  (how  to  argue,  how  to  carry  through  a  mee8ng,  a   conversa8on  etc.)   o   X   o   X   11  
  10. 10. Sense  for  8me  •  Swedish  Students  •  European  Students  (Italian,  Croa8an)  •  Asian  Students  
  11. 11. Worklaod  during  the  project  •  Swedish  •  Italy,  Croa8a  •  Asian  
  12. 12. How  to  make  such  course  working?  •  Administra8ve  &  Organiza8onal  Challenges  •  Pedagogical  Challenges  •  Technical  Challenges  •  Cultural  Challenges  Avoiding  Scylla  and  Charybdis  in  Distributed  SoCware  Development  Course  –ICSE  2011  CTG-­‐DSD  workshop  
  13. 13. Administar8ve  &  Organisa8onal   Challanges  •  Course  approval    •  Joint  student  enrolment    •  Credits  the  students  obtain  in  the  course    •  Examina7on  elements    •  Course  quality  assurance    •  Administra7ve  course  support    •  Staff  workload    
  14. 14. Cultural  Challenges  •  Language  differences    •  Communica7on  characteris7cs    •  Timing  issues    •  Agreement  and  Commitment    •  Teamwork    •  Different  views  of  teaching  staff    
  15. 15. Heterogeneity  Challenges  •  Different  knowledge  background  •  Different  expecta8on  about  workload  •  Different  expecta8on  of  giving  credits  
  16. 16. How  to  avoid  the  risks?  •  Tac8cs   –  Force  students  to  start  to  communicate   –  Force  students  to  keep  to  communicate   –  Avoid  situa8on  that  students  complain  about   other  side   –  Explain  many  8mes  that  you  mean  what  you  say   –  Mo8vate  students   –  Remove  extremely  bad  students    
  17. 17. Project scheduleIntro., Lectures, Project presentations and assignments Lectures & Group project plan presentations Guest Lectures Requirements presentation Group project design, presentations Guest Lectures Project status presentations Project status presentations In reserve Final Presentations Weeks 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10(W44) (W45) (W46) (W47) (W58) (W49) (W50 (W51) (W02) (W03)30/10 6/11 13/11 20/11 27/11 4/12 11/12 18/12 08/01 15/0119 2013-02-06
  18. 18. Project schedule Final  Results   Waterfall  model   Prototype   Prototype   Itera8ons   Itera8ons   Itera8ons   Itera8ons   Weeks 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10(W44) (W45) (W46) (W47) (W58) (W49) (W50 (W51) (W02) (W03)30/10 6/11 13/11 20/11 27/11 4/12 11/12 18/12 08/01 15/0120 2013-02-06
  19. 19. Mo8va8ng/Demo8va8ng  factors  for  students   Individual Group meeting new people and team atmosphere, Internal cultures, learning new responsibility, things project success customer support, External grade challenging project Individual Group respecting deadlines, personal attitude, low quality work, Internal overload communication issues, lack of enthusiasm documentation, technical External lack of time issues
  20. 20. DSD  Experience   # #Year Originating countries stud. proj.2003 28 5 Croatia, Sweden, Canada Croatia, Czech Republic, Italy, India,2004 20 4 Pakistan, Sweden Austria, China, Croatia, France, India,2005 38 6 Nigeria, Pakistan, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Greece,2006 31 4 India, Iran, Pakistan, Spain, Sweden2007 20 2 Austria, Croatia, Spain, Sweden, Thailand Australia, Croatia, India, Iran, Italy, the2008 37 6 Netherlands, Pakistan, Spain, Sweden Bangladesh, Croatia, France, Germany,2009 56 10 India, Iran, Italy, Lithuania, the Netherlands, Pakistan, Sweden, Ukraine Bangladesh, China, Croatia, France,2010 65 9 Germany, India, Iran, Italy, Kazakhstan, Kenya, the Netherlands, Pakistan, Sweden
  21. 21. Well,  how  did  it  go???  •  Example   –  We  par8cipated  in  a  contest   –  Interna8onal  conference  on   So-ware  Engineering   –  50  groups  par8cipated   MDH/FER  
  22. 22. Well,  how  did  it  go???  Phase  I    Seminfinals:     Phase  2:   Final:  
  23. 23. V aF ni cn oa u vl   e r  
  24. 24. Final  -­‐  Vancouver  
  25. 25. Two  years  a-er  –  Interna8onal  conference  on   So-ware  Engineering  –  60  groups  par8cipated   7  groups   From   MDH/FER/   Sofia  U  
  26. 26. How  did  it  go  this  year???  Phase  I    Seminfinals:    18  teams  passed    (6  MDH/FER  S.  U)     Phase  2:   Final:  
  27. 27. From  educa8on  to  research  •  Wri8ng  a  proposal  for  research  funding   –  Goal:  Improve  global  educa8on  (global  so-ware   engineering  educa8on)   –  Aspects:   •  Technical  &  processes   •  Cultural  &  social   •  Ethical  aspects  •  Project   –  Analyze  state  of  the  prac8ce   –  Propose  methods  for  improvements  
  28. 28. From  educa8on  to  research  •  Research  Ques8ons   –  How  to  tailor  course  elements  (lectures,  project  work)   to  ac8ve    best  results   •  Which  elements  and  which  processes  are  the  most   important  for  a  successful  performance  of  a  distributed   project   •  Which  tools  and  which  way  of  their  use  give  the  best  results   –  Which  cultural/social  factors  have  to  be  processed   explicitly  and  systema8cally  to  achieve  an  efficient   project  work   –  Which  ethical  principles  are  important  to  take  into   educa8on  to  achieve  a  successful  work  
  29. 29. Research  Methods  •  Similar  to  empirical  SE   –  “Ac8on  Research”  –  par8cipa8on  and  observa8on   –  Experiments  –  different  groups  performing  in   different  ways   –  Quan8ta8ve  analysis  (ques8onnaires,  measuring   results)   –  Qualita8ve  analysis  (interviews,  “narra8ve”   communica8on)    
  30. 30. Conclusion  •  Distributed  So-ware  Development  (Glbal   So-ware  Engineering)  Educa8on   –  Increasing  in  Europe   –  Important  to  understand  the  differences  in   pedagogical  approaches     Interdisciplinary  research  

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