Information about Breast Biopsy


Published on

Breast biopsy is a medical test involving the removal of cells or tissues that has formed a lump, or a cyst, or is not normal.

Published in: Health & Medicine
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Information about Breast Biopsy

  1. 1. Information about Breast Biopsy 1
  2. 2. IndexS.No Title Pg. No 1 Breast Biopsy – What you must know 3 2 Awareness about Breast Biopsy 4 3 Breast Biopsy – A Woman’s Concern 5 4 Breast Biopsy - Checking for Breast Diseases 6 2
  3. 3. Breast Biopsy – What you must knowThe Breast Biopsy is the procedure where breast tissue is collected to check for cancers or other diseases.The procedure is done, when abnormalities are seen in the breast or when the woman experiencesdiscomfort or other medical problems.Basically, the procedure is done to examine any abnormal or suspicious growth in the mammary glands ofthe body. When a lump is seen in the chest, the tissues are collected by suction trough a needle or through asurgical incision. The pathologist will then examine the sample and identify it as either benign ormalignant. A benign tumor or group of cells is non-cancerous whereas, a malignant tissue is cancerous andmust be treated immediately. Treatment for malignant tumors employs conventional cancer-treatmentmethodologies.Generally, women themselves identify the first stage of breast cancers or tumors, when they do occur. Theabnormal mass of cells can be felt by the individual and most often, is also visible to the named eye. Whenthe individual is taken for the Breast Biopsy procedure, the physician may carry it out in the operatingroom or even the outpatient facility. An otherwise healthy individual may be sent home soon after theprocedure and may not need to be hospitalized.Besides the presence of an anomalous lesion in the breasts, there are also other symptoms which must bereported to the physician: • A sudden bulge in the arm-pit or near the collarbone could possibly be a dispersal of cancerous cells. • The breast skin turning red or causing irritation must be reported. • The appearance of dimples or scales on the mammary organ is a cause for concern. • Swelling of the skin around the chest is also not normal • Discharge of milk, itching or retraction of the nipple may indicate a health issue. 3
  4. 4. • Sometimes the size of the right and left breast may begin to change. The shape may change as well. Such changes must be discussed with you health care expert without any inhibitions. • If the woman has been experiencing pain in her chest, it should not be ignored. Breast-ache could be for various reasons and talking to your doctor about the same will certainly help treatment.However, even though it is important to remember and report these symptoms, it is also important tounderstand that all abnormalities do not indicate cancers. One has to wait for the breast biopsy results toconfirm any medical condition is. Watch medical videos, read about medical conditions, symptoms ofdiseases and treatment - stay informed, not afraid.Awareness about Breast BiopsyIt is a myth that breast biopsy is a screening test for breast cancer! Doctors online have clearly mentionedthat breast biopsy is an examination done to detect any kind of disorder and not only breast cancer.Breast self-examination is a healthy practice which must be developed by all women. Only during self-examination, one can realize about any abnormalities like change in appearance or unusual nipple dischargeor lumps can be felt in the breast. Lumps in the armpit area, nipple retraction or inversion, red or scalybreast skin, nipple itching and breast pain can also lead to suspicion and in this case, breast biopsy becomesvery important. The doctors can confirm the presence of a lump by palpation or imaging studies likeultrasound or MRI or even mammography. Once confirmed, the patient is suggested to undergo a breastbiopsy.The first question of a layman would be – what is a biopsy? A biopsy is a procedure where sample cells ortissues are taken from the suspicious areas and checked under a microscope. A biopsy could be done forany part of the body. The breast biopsy procedure includes the same technique. This procedure can beinvasive or non-invasive i.e. surgical or non-surgical, but the objective is to collect sample tissues from thesuspicious lump or the whole lump is taken out, which is known as lumpectomy.Surgical biopsy requires incision on the skin while non-surgical procedures include techniques like vacuumassisted biopsy, breast needle biopsy or fine needle aspiration biopsy. A breast biopsy is mostly done 4
  5. 5. clinically or in a hospital, based on the size of the growth to be inspected. Breast biopsies are done to ruleout the possibility of cancer or confirm its stage, metastasis on other organs and association of many lymphnodes which can speed up the spread of cancer cells.The core needle and fine needle aspiration biopsy use needles to collect tissues but the type of needlediffers. The core needle biopsy is thicker and hollow. In the vacuum aided biopsy, a probe is inserted,guided by MRI or ultrasound, and vacuum is used to extract the tissues. A local anesthesia may be used ifany is needed. It is mostly a painless procedure and the risks or complications are minimal. Little pain ordiscomfort may be overcome with OTC products.Breast cancer is the third most common type of cancer in women worldwide and is the leading cause ofdeath with grossly million death cases annually. Awareness and knowledge about the topic can help inearly detection and prevention of breast cancer. Breast biopsies, therefore, play an important role in womenhealthcare.Breast Biopsy – A Woman’s ConcernBreast concerns are one of the major issues in a woman’s health. As many breast diseases and disorders areon a rise, regular tests and check-ups have become vital for women health welfare.Breast diseases are mostly non-cancerous and self-breast examinations promote awareness in case of anyabnormality. If there seems to be any disorder underlining an apparent deformed breast structure or anyother abnormality, breast biopsy is the way out. Every woman winces at the name of breast biopsy as italways holds an idea of a latent breast cancer but it is a mere myth. Breast biopsy is just like a generalcheck up but especially for breasts.Firstly, biopsy is a medical procedure wherein the cells or tissues are removed for examination to arrive atthe result of abnormality or normalcy of health. It is chemically analyzed or examined microscopically andthere are various ways to do a biopsy.Breast biopsy is done when there is a suspicion of some abnormality and the type of biopsy carried outdepends on location, shape, size, appearance and characteristics of the abnormality. Advanced medicalservices now have various ways of breast biopsies like fine needle aspirations, core needle biopsies,vacuum assisted biopsies, direct and frontal biopsies and open surgical biopsies. 5
  6. 6. Fine needle aspirations procedure uses fine needle and syringe and takes sample fluid from the breast cystor cells in a cluster from a solid mass for pathologic analysis. The core needle biopsy removes solid tissuesamples with a hollow core needle. It is also done under image-guidance using stereotactic mammography,MRI or ultrasound. Vacuum assisted biopsy is similar to core needle except that it uses a vacuum techniqueto collect the tissue samples. This category also includes automated rotational core devices. The uniquedirect frontal system of tissue acquisition is safe and efficient even for macrobiopsy for early breast cancerdetection. The open surgical biopsy includes the removal of a large mass or bump with an incision butnowadays it is mostly unused and people go for less invasive methods.A breast biopsy can detect many disorders and it does not always have to be breast cancer. The lump caneither be benign or malignant or non-cancerous. Malignant growth may have disorders like inflammatoryand colloid carcinoma, adenocarcinoma, lobular or infiltrating ductal carcinoma, sarcoma or medullar orcircumscribed carcinoma while benign groth may have resulting disorders like fat necrosis, cyst,adenofibroma or papilloma.Breast Biopsy - Checking for Breast DiseasesBreast biopsy always is not always a major issue or concern as it does not definitely mean that one hasbreast cancer, as is the general outlook. And breast cancer is not the only disease as there are also otherdisorders related to breast.Breast disorders can be traced when there are symptoms like changes in the size and shape of breast, nippledischarge, scaly skin on breast, lump in armpit area, reddening of breast skin, nipple itching or breast pain.These may imply non-cancerous disorders like Phyllodes tumor, Paget’s disease etc. Many breast changesalso take place due to hormone levels, age and medicines causing lumps, bumps and discharges. Somecommon causes of breast changes are cysts - fluid-filled lumps, fibroadenomas - solid, round, rubberylumps that move easily when pushed, occurring most in younger women, fibrocystic breast condition -lumpiness, thickening and swelling, often associated with a womans period, intraductal papillomas -growths similar to warts near the nipple, blocked or clogged milk ducts, milk production when a woman isnot breastfeeding and injury. 6
  7. 7. The presence of a lump can be confirmed by palpation, feeling the entire breast, by a doctor. Imagingstudies like MRI – magnetic resonance imaging or ultrasound may also be done or even mammographymay be recommended. When the presence of the lump is confirmed, a breast biopsy is recommended.First of all, one needs to know what is a biopsy. It is a medical test wherein the presence, reason or scope ofthe disease is determined by collecting and checking a cell or tissue sample from the body. Similarly,breast biopsy procedure involves collecting a sample tissue from the lump in the breast by a surgical ornon-surgical method. The invasive method includes making an incision and removing the entire lump(which is known as lumpectomy) or its sample. In the non-invasive method, breast needle biopsy or fineneedle aspiration biopsy or vacuum-assisted breast biopsy are employed. Risks in breast biopsy, likeinfection, pain and discomfort are minimal.An abnormal biopsy result does not always mean breast cancer. It would mean that the lump is eithercancerous or non-cancerous and would determine its malignancy. Benign growths result in disorders likepapilloma, adenofibroma, cyst and fat necrosis while malignant growths include adenocarcinoma,inflammatory carcinoma, and colloid carcinoma, infiltrating ductal carcinoma, sarcoma, lobular carcinomaand medullar or circumscribed carcinoma. In case of malignant lump, immediate further treatment isrecommended. One can always get second opinions about it and know more with online healthcareservices. 7
  8. 8. Reference:Breast biopsy - 8
  9. 9. Thank you 9