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Battle of StalingradThe battle started in May 1942 and officially ended in February 1943. By: Brittny Marino
The battle of Stalingrad is a major turning point ofWorld War II which put the Germans on the defensive.
Hitler was ready to force the Soviets out of the war so he decided todestroy the economy of the Soviet Union. He ordered his army to seize oilfields, factories, and farmlands. The city of Stalingrad controlled the VolgaRiver and was a major railroad junction. This was to be the key of the attack. Stalingrad is now known as Volgograd
The fact that Stalingrad is named after his nemesis, Joseph Stalin,only added fuel to the fire. Hitler planned to capture Stalingrad and cut offthe Soviets from resources they needed to stay in the war. When German troops entered Stalingrad, Stalin ordered his soldiersto hold the city no matter what. As was said by Lieutenant General VasiliyChuikov of the Soviets, “We will defend the city or die in the attempt.” Therewould be no retreat. German soldiers had to fight from house to house trying to capture the city.
Germans started attacking by bombing Stalingrad in August 1942. As a result, Stalin moved more of his soldiers to defend Stalingrad. The Germans were not prepared for the bitter winter. The Soviets, on the other hand, were prepared with quilted under suits, felt boots, fur hats, and white camouflaged over suits. Civilians were used to make trenches, as replacement soldiers, and motivation forThe bombing reduced the city the troops to keep fighting. to little more than rubble. Soviets were prepared for winter.
On November 23rd, Soviet reinforcements arrived and surroundedStalingrad which trapped almost 250,000 German troops. When it was over,91,000 Germans surrendered, but only 5,000 of those survived the Sovietprison camps. German soldiers surrendered, but suffered greatly even after they surrendered. The Battle of Stalingrad was one of the bloodiest battles of WWII and a major turning point of the war.