Shoot Like A Pro (with a camera built for amateurs)

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Supporting presentation for a workshop on how to shoot better pictures for citizen journalists and bloggers.

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Shoot Like A Pro (with a camera built for amateurs)

  1. 1. All photos by Bob Rosenbaum except where noted Shoot Like a Pro(with a camera built for amateurs) Taking interesting photos suitable for publication
  2. 2. All photos by Bob Rosenbaum except where noted What you’ll learn• Basic concepts – What’s a photograph – How photos get from your camera to paper• Setting resolution• “Seeing” a good photo• Using your camera to capture it – Smartphone, iPad, point-and-shoot• Uploading your photos to the Observer4/4/2013 © 2013 www.themarketfarm.com Permission required for use 3
  3. 3. All photos by Bob Rosenbaum except where noted Basic concepts4/4/2013 © 2013 www.themarketfarm.com Permission required for use 4
  4. 4. All photos by Bob Rosenbaum except where noted Basic concepts: What’s a photograph• Light is focused, condensed through a lens• Captured on a light-sensitive surface4/4/2013 © 2013 www.themarketfarm.com Permission required for use 5
  5. 5. All photos by Bob Rosenbaum except where noted Basic concepts: What’s a photograph• Only real variable: How much light gets in• 2 ways to control it4/4/2013 © 2013 www.themarketfarm.com Permission required for use 6
  6. 6. All photos by Bob Rosenbaum except where noted Basic concepts: What’s a photograph• Only real variable: How much light gets in• 2 ways to control it – Size of the aperture4/4/2013 © 2013 www.themarketfarm.com Permission required for use 7
  7. 7. All photos by Bob Rosenbaum except where noted Basic concepts: What’s a photograph• Only real variable: How much light gets in• 2 ways to control it – Size of the aperture – Length of time aperture is open4/4/2013 © 2013 www.themarketfarm.com Permission required for use 8
  8. 8. All photos by Bob Rosenbaum except where noted Basic concepts: What’s a photograph• Length of time affects ability to stop motion• Controlled by shutter speed – 100s or 1,000s of a second – Low shutter speed: moving objects blur – High shutter speed: moving objects freeze4/4/2013 © 2013 www.themarketfarm.com Permission required for use 9
  9. 9. All photos by Bob Rosenbaum except where noted Basic concepts: What’s a photograph• Size of aperture affects focal plane – i.e. depth of field• Controlled by F-stop / apertureHigh number/ Low number/smaller aperture larger aperture4/4/2013 © 2013 www.themarketfarm.com Permission required for use 10
  10. 10. All photos by Bob Rosenbaum except where noted Basic concepts: Printed photos• A printing press is like a computer: it only knows on and off – A space on the page either has ink or it doesn’t – Black ink is never gray; it’s just black• Half-tone process overcomes this limitation when printing photos – Photos are rendered using “half-tone” process – Optical illusion – recreates image as a series of dots4/4/2013 © 2013 www.themarketfarm.com Permission required for use 11
  11. 11. All photos by Bob Rosenbaum except where noted Half tones • Pre-digital – Created by re-photographing picture through a screen • Digital – Created in Photoshop or prepress softwareImage: graphicdesign.spokanefalls.edu 4/4/2013 © 2013 www.themarketfarm.com Permission required for use 12
  12. 12. All photos by Bob Rosenbaum except where noted Mastering Resolution4/4/2013 © 2013 www.themarketfarm.com Permission required for use 13
  13. 13. All photos by Bob Rosenbaum except where noted Resolution• A technical issue – not artistic• It’s the amount of data in a photo – More data = more flexibility in using the photo – More data = more memory• Must reconcile 3 data storage technologies – Digital cameras store data in pixels – Computers store data in bytes – Printed paper stores data in dots4/4/2013 © 2013 www.themarketfarm.com Permission required for use 14
  14. 14. All photos by Bob Rosenbaum except where noted Digital camera• Captures image on electronic screen – Unlike analog photography, it’s not a “true” image – Image translated into pixels – A 5 MP photo (i.e. 5 million pixels) is 2592 p x 1944 p – iPhone 4: 8 MP – Nikon Coolpix S6200 ($119): 16 MP4/4/2013 © 2013 www.themarketfarm.com Permission required for use 15
  15. 15. All photos by Bob Rosenbaum except where noted Digital photo• You choose resolution when photo is shot• Typical settings – High/Medium/Low – Large/Small – Actual photo dimensions• You choose resolution again when moving photo from camera to computer• Once removed, information is gone forever4/4/2013 © 2013 www.themarketfarm.com Permission required for use 16
  16. 16. All photos by Bob Rosenbaum except where noted Digital photo•Originallyphotographedat 4 MP•Stored at593 kb(1/2 MB)•Already toolow for print;original was≈2MB4/4/2013 © 2013 www.themarketfarm.com Permission required for use 17
  17. 17. All photos by Bob Rosenbaum except where noted Digital photo•Originallyphotographedat 4 MP•Scraped froma web page•33 kb4/4/2013 © 2013 www.themarketfarm.com Permission required for use 18
  18. 18. All photos by Bob Rosenbaum except where noted Resolution• When a photo is SIZED digitally by dragging on screen: – The number of pixels stays the same – Resolution decreases/increases as it’s sized• When a photo is SAVED at a smaller size: – Most software (e-mail clients, websites, etc) will reduce the number of pixels – resulting in loss of resolution – It’s because their goal is to save on memory4/4/2013 © 2013 www.themarketfarm.com Permission required for use 19
  19. 19. All photos by Bob Rosenbaum except where noted Resolution• Websites/computer screens reproduce at the equivalent of 72 DPI• Newspapers print at 300 DPI – “Dot gain” reduces clarity – Colors lose brilliance• Glossy magazines print at 720 dots per inch (DPI)4/4/2013 © 2013 www.themarketfarm.com Permission required for use 20
  20. 20. All photos by Bob Rosenbaum except where noted Online4/4/2013 © 2013 www.themarketfarm.com Permission required for use 21
  21. 21. All photos by Bob Rosenbaum except where noted Newspaper4/4/2013 © 2013 www.themarketfarm.com Permission required for use 22
  22. 22. All photos by Bob Rosenbaum except where noted High-end magazine4/4/2013 © 2013 www.themarketfarm.com Permission required for use 23
  23. 23. All photos by Bob Rosenbaum except where noted Resolution Takeaways• Shoot photos at highest resolution• Store photos at highest resolution• Understand how printing process will compromise photos – Colors lose brilliance – Images lose clarity• Don’t even think about printing a photo scraped from a website; it won’t work.4/4/2013 © 2013 www.themarketfarm.com Permission required for use 24
  24. 24. All photos by Bob Rosenbaum except where noted Rules of Thumb• A photo needs to be 1-6 MB• Maximum printable size (in inches) of a digital image in a typical newspaper: – File dimension in pixels ÷ 200 – Example: • Your photo is 1,000p tall x 1,400p wide (1.4 MP) • 1,000 ÷ 200 = 5 • 1,400 ÷ 200 = 7 • The photo will print acceptably at up to 5” x 7”4/4/2013 © 2013 www.themarketfarm.com Permission required for use 25
  25. 25. All photos by Bob Rosenbaum except where noted Seeing a good photo Before you actually take it4/4/2013 © 2013 www.themarketfarm.com Permission required for use 26
  26. 26. All photos by Bob Rosenbaum except where noted Seeing a good photoNewspaper photos aren’t snapshots• Snapshots are souvenirs• Newspaper photos tell a story4/4/2013 © 2013 www.themarketfarm.com Permission required for use 27
  27. 27. All photos by Bob Rosenbaum except where noted Seeing a photo• Key components of photo – Subject – Everything else Most people give all their attention to the subject and none to everything else. The key to notable photos is to pay most attention to everything else.4/4/2013 © 2013 www.themarketfarm.com Permission required for use 28
  28. 28. All photos by Bob Rosenbaum except where noted Seeing a photo• The subject – Large – Interesting – Colorful – Not centered in frame4/4/2013 © 2013 www.themarketfarm.com Permission required for use 29
  29. 29. All photos by Bob Rosenbaum except where noted Seeing a good: Subject4/4/2013 © 2013 www.themarketfarm.com Permission required for use 30
  30. 30. All photos by Bob Rosenbaum except where noted Seeing a photo: Subject4/4/2013 © 2013 www.themarketfarm.com Permission required for use 31
  31. 31. All photos by Bob Rosenbaum except where noted Seeing a photo: Subject4/4/2013 © 2013 www.themarketfarm.com Permission required for use 32
  32. 32. All photos by Bob Rosenbaum except where noted Seeing a photo: Subject Nobody wants to see this4/4/2013 © 2013 www.themarketfarm.com Permission required for use 33
  33. 33. All photos by Bob Rosenbaum except where noted Seeing a photo: Subject4/4/2013 © 2013 www.themarketfarm.com Permission required for use 34
  34. 34. All photos by Bob Rosenbaum except where noted Seeing a photo• Key components of photo – Subject – Everything else4/4/2013 © 2013 www.themarketfarm.com Permission required for use 35
  35. 35. All photos by Bob Rosenbaum except where noted Seeing a photo• Lighting• Composition The only aspect that• Foreground/Background requires making adjustments to camera• Lines & Patterns settings• Framing/Orientation4/4/2013 © 2013 www.themarketfarm.com Permission required for use 36
  36. 36. All photos by Bob Rosenbaum except where noted Seeing a photo: Lighting• Lighting – Where is the light source • Above/font of subject: post card • Behind subject: backlight (shadowy/moody) • Side: intensity – Look at the shadows • Long v. short (long is more dramatic) • Vertical (connects foreground w/ background) • Horizontal / diagonal (creates balance/interest)4/4/2013 © 2013 www.themarketfarm.com Permission required for use 37
  37. 37. All photos by Bob Rosenbaum except where noted Seeing a photo: Lighting4/4/2013 © 2013 www.themarketfarm.com Permission required for use 38
  38. 38. All photos by Bob Rosenbaum except where noted Seeing a photo: Lighting4/4/2013 © 2013 www.themarketfarm.com Permission required for use 39
  39. 39. All photos by Bob Rosenbaum except where noted Seeing a photo: Lighting4/4/2013 © 2013 www.themarketfarm.com Permission required for use 40
  40. 40. All photos by Bob Rosenbaum except where noted Seeing aphoto: Composition• Rule of thirds Photographer unknown4/4/2013 © 2013 www.themarketfarm.com Permission required for use 41
  41. 41. All photos by Bob Rosenbaum except where noted Seeing a photo: Composition• Rule of thirds Photographer unknown4/4/2013 © 2013 www.themarketfarm.com Permission required for use 42
  42. 42. All photos by Bob Rosenbaum except where noted Seeing a photo: Fore/background• Foreground/Background – Narrow focal plane4/4/2013 © 2013 www.themarketfarm.com Permission required for use 43
  43. 43. All photos by Bob Rosenbaum except where noted Seeing a photo: Fore/background• Foreground/Background• Wide focal plane4/4/2013 © 2013 www.themarketfarm.com Permission required for use 44
  44. 44. All photos by Bob Rosenbaum except where noted Seeing a photo: Fore/background• Foreground/Background – Look for the unusual and interesting4/4/2013 © 2013 www.themarketfarm.com Permission required for use 45
  45. 45. All photos by Bob Rosenbaum except where noted Seeing a photo: Fore/background• Foreground/Background – Blend foreground and background4/4/2013 © 2013 www.themarketfarm.com Permission required for use 46
  46. 46. All photos by Bob Rosenbaum except where noted Seeing a photo: Lines• Look for patterns of lines – Converging Photo by Jennifer Kuhel; taken with an iPad4/4/2013 © 2013 www.themarketfarm.com Permission required for use 47
  47. 47. All photos by Bob Rosenbaum except where noted Seeing a photo: Lines• Look for patterns and textures4/4/2013 © 2013 www.themarketfarm.com Permission required for use 48
  48. 48. All photos by Bob Rosenbaum except where noted Seeing a photo: Lines• Look for the letter Z4/4/2013 © 2013 www.themarketfarm.com Permission required for use 49
  49. 49. All photos by Bob Rosenbaum except where noted Seeing a photo: Lines• Look for patterns of lines – Z-pattern4/4/2013 © 2013 www.themarketfarm.com Permission required for use 50
  50. 50. All photos by Bob Rosenbaum except where noted Seeing a photo: Framing• Framing/Orientation – Use objects to create a frame within a frame4/4/2013 © 2013 www.themarketfarm.com Permission required for use 51
  51. 51. All photos by Bob Rosenbaum except where noted Seeing a photo: Framing• Framing/Orientation – Use objects to create a frame within a frame4/4/2013 © 2013 www.themarketfarm.com Permission required for use 52
  52. 52. All photos by Bob Rosenbaum except where noted Seeing a photo: Orientation• Framing/Orientation – Don’t feel bound by horizontal, vertical, eye-level4/4/2013 © 2013 www.themarketfarm.com Permission required for use 53
  53. 53. All photos by Bob Rosenbaum except where noted Using your camera4/4/2013 © 2013 www.themarketfarm.com Permission required for use 54
  54. 54. All photos by Bob Rosenbaum except where noted Using your camera• Your point-and-shoot is capable of great things• But it’s set to take snapshots and postcards – Auto focuses on center of frame – Defaults to wide depth of field – Auto-flash eliminates shadows4/4/2013 © 2013 www.themarketfarm.com Permission required for use 55
  55. 55. All photos by Bob Rosenbaum except where noted Using your camera• How to get it to do more – Hold it still (keep elbows in) – Turn off auto flash – Explore settings Still Life with iPhone Grid4/4/2013 © 2013 www.themarketfarm.com Permission required for use 56
  56. 56. All photos by Bob Rosenbaum except where noted Using your camera• Most cameras allow selective focus/metering – Point camera at subject; hold shutter half-way down, reframe photo• Experiment w/ scene settings iPhone “selective focus”4/4/2013 © 2013 www.themarketfarm.com Permission required for use 57
  57. 57. All photos by Bob Rosenbaum except where noted Using your camera• When possible, use manual settings to adjust shutter or F-stop – For narrow focal plane • Open aperture/F-stop • If manual isn’t available, use “scenes” or “modes” – Portrait – Party – Dusk/Dawn • Anything designed to let in a lot of natural light at expense of shutter speed4/4/2013 © 2013 www.themarketfarm.com Permission required for use 58
  58. 58. All photos by Bob Rosenbaum except where noted Uploading to the Observer4/4/2013 © 2013 www.themarketfarm.com Permission required for use 59
  59. 59. All photos by Bob Rosenbaum except where noted Uploading to the Observer4/4/2013 © 2013 www.themarketfarm.com Permission required for use 60
  60. 60. All photos by Bob Rosenbaum except where noted Uploading to the Observer4/4/2013 © 2013 www.themarketfarm.com Permission required for use 61
  61. 61. All photos by Bob Rosenbaum except where noted Uploading to the Observer •Populate Title, Category. •You can leave “Article” section blank. •Then scroll to bottom4/4/2013 © 2013 www.themarketfarm.com Permission required for use 62
  62. 62. All photos by Bob Rosenbaum except where noted Uploading to the Observer4/4/2013 © 2013 www.themarketfarm.com Permission required for use 63
  63. 63. All photos by Bob Rosenbaum except where noted Uploading to the Observer Look for upload counter4/4/2013 © 2013 www.themarketfarm.com Permission required for use 64
  64. 64. All photos by Bob Rosenbaum except where noted Uploading to the Observer4/4/2013 © 2013 www.themarketfarm.com Permission required for use 65
  65. 65. All photos by Bob Rosenbaum except where noted Reward yourself4/4/2013 © 2013 www.themarketfarm.com Permission required for use 66
  66. 66. All photos by Bob Rosenbaum except where noted Resources• Resources abound online. Here are a few:• How a digital camera works – https://sites.google.com/site/photomedic1/how-does-the-digital- camera-work• Photo composition – http://digital-photography-school.com/digital-photography- composition-tips – http://www.photographymad.com/pages/view/10-top-photography- composition-rules – http://www.digitalcameraworld.com/2012/04/12/10-rules-of-photo- composition-and-why-they-work/• iPhone – http://www.grumblesandgrunts.com/2013/01/how-to-best-iphone- camera-tips-tricks.html4/4/2013 © 2013 www.themarketfarm.com Permission required for use 67

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