Mark Harvey - Interlocking Crises

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Prof. Mark Harvey's contribution to a CRESI seminar "Capitalism versus the environment? A debate" 22 October 2009, Department of Sociology, University of Essex.

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  • Sources & Notes: All data is for 2000. All calculations are based on CO2 equivalents, using 100-year global warming potentials from the IPCC (1996), based on a total global estimate of 41,755 MtCO2 equivalent. Land use change includes both emissions and absorptions; see Chapter 16. See Appendix 2 for detailed description of sector and end use/activity definitions, as well as data sources. Dotted lines represent flows of less than 0.1% percent of total GHG emissions.
  • Mark Harvey - Interlocking Crises

    1. 1. “ Peak petro-chemicals” Global climate change Food crises Land use + water Biodiversity Socio-economic welfare INTERLOCKING CRISES
    2. 2. Ruddiman, W.R. Pre-industrialisation GHG climate change
    3. 5. Do we need growth? Can it be sustainable? <ul><li>Capitalist economies are growth economies – but there are many different political economies (US, EU, BRIC, Japan, etc.). And it has been ever thus. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>International governance </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Growth and growth </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Multifaceted and complex: inequality generation, modernisation, improvements in the quality of life. Pharmaceuticals and petrochemicals. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ecological and climate change crises: The critical tipping point of global warming – only recently known effects </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The resource crises: ‘limits to growth’. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Polanyian critique of classical Marxism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Single engine economy with one basic engine design: surplus value extraction/accumulation of capital/commodification of everything. Everything external to the engine is a potential negative externality – or regulatory break system. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Radical institutionalisation of economic organisation, comparative and historical </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Regulation/deregulation dialectic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Multimodality: interdependent market and non-market growth </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Health </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Education </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Knowledge production </li></ul></ul></ul>
    4. 6. Innovation in production and consumption <ul><li>Normal market mechanisms characteristic of industrial capitalism will not deliver </li></ul><ul><li>Major new technologies for food, land and water user, energy, materials, essential. </li></ul><ul><li>Politically driven economic evolution. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Not Schumpeterian or Marxist capitalist transformation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Consumer choice in the market place will not deliver </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Politicisation of consumption: choices on transport and energy infrastructures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Macro-political choices on agriculture and food, on global sustainable land and water use . </li></ul></ul>

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