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ESTADO DE LA CUBIERTA
FORESTAL EN CENTRO AMERICA




                MAURO E SALAZAR
                Director Forestal Regional
DINAMICA DE LA COBERTURA FORESTAL CENTRO AMERICA

                                                                                 Tasa
                           Area       Area       Area                           Anual                  Tasa
                Area       total      total      total   Cubierta    Cambio        de     Cambio    Anual de
                Km2     Forestal   Forestal   Forestal   Forestal   Cubierta   Cambio    Cubierta    Cambio

                                                                      1990 -    1990 -     2000 -     2000 -
                           1990       2000       2005       2005       2000      2000       2005       2005

                                                            % de
País/Area                  Km2        Km2        Km2       tierra   Km2/año    %/Año     Km2/Año     %/Año

Belize         22,960    16,530     16,530     16,530        72.5         0         0          0          0

Costa Rica     51,100    25,640     23,760     23,910        46.8       -190      -0.8        30         0.1

El Salvador    21,040     3,750      3,240      2,980        14.4        -50      -1.5        -50       -1.7

Guatemala     108,890    47,480     42,080     39,380        36.3       -540      -1.2       -540       -1.3

Honduras      112,090    73,850     54,300     46,480        41.5     -1,960        -3     -1,560       -3.1

Nicaragua     130,000    65,380     55,390     51,890        42.7     -1,000      -1.6       -700       -1.3

Panama         75,520    43,760     43,070     42,940        57.7        -70      -0.2        -30       -0.1

TOTAL         521,600   276,390    238,370    224,110                 -3,800      -8.3     -2,850       -7.4
AREA FORESTAL Y CAMBIOS DE COBERTURA
       140,000
                                            1990-2005


       120,000
                                                               Area Km2

                                                               Area total Forestal 1990 Km2
       100,000
                                                               Area total Forestal 2000 Km2

                                                               Area total Forestal 2005 Km2

        80,000
Km ²




        60,000




        40,000




        20,000




            0
                 Nicaragua     Honduras   Guatemala   Panama     Costa Rica         Belize    El Salvador
5
GU
            A
     EL TE




                                        1,000,000
                                                    1,500,000
                                                                2,000,000
                                                                            2,500,000
                                                                                        3,000,000




                              500,000


                          0
         P M
   SA R OG ALA
 CH CAT RE S
    IM E P O
       AL É Q
            TE UE
               NA Z
          ES NG
             C        O
       SA U IN
           NT T L
               A A
                 RO
    T         S SA
QU OTO OLO
   ET NI LÁ
                                                                                                    Bosque 1991/93




      ZA CA
  SU LTE PÁN
     CH N
                                                                                                    (ha)




         I T AN
            EP GO
       RE ÉQ
           T A UE
      S L             Z
HU AN HUL
   E H M EU
       UE AR
            TE CO
                                                                                                    Bosque




               NA S
                  N
                                                                                                                                   1999-2001




     BA       QU GO
        JA IC
                    H
                                                                                                    2001




     AL V ER É
        TA A
             VE PAZ
                RA
                                                                                                    (ha)




                   PA
                PE Z
                   TÉ
               IZA N
                   BA
      CH ZAC L
          IQ AP
             UI A
                M
                                                                                                                     Cambios de Cobertura Forestal Guatemala




                  UL
               JA A
                 LA
              JU PA
                TI
                  AP
                      A
BELIZE
Forest Area per District Belize (ha)
1000000



900000



800000



700000



600000



500000



400000



300000



200000



100000



      0
                                                     1
          Belize   Cayo      Corozal   Orange Walk       Stann Creek   Toledo   Grand Total
COBERTURA FORESTAL DE HONDURAS 1995




                         Fuente: Anuario Estadístico ftal 2005
Honduras




 Tuesday, August 10,   10
 2010
CAMBIO DE COBERTURA FORESTAL HONDURAS AL 2005




                                Fuente: Anuario Estadístico ftal 2005
Áreas protegidas




Tuesday, August 10,                                     12
Tuesday, August 10, 2010   Elaborado por. Dr. Paul R. House
                                                         12
2010
Bosques Tawahkas




Tuesday, August 10,           13
Tuesday, August 10, 2010      13
2010
Zona de amortiguamiento RHBRP, bosques
                         tawahkas, Catacamas
                                   Catacamas.




Tuesday, August 10,                         14
2010
Cobertura Forestal por Departamento en Honduras
     1800,000



     1600,000



     1400,000



     1200,000



     1000,000
ha




      800,000



      600,000



      400,000



      200,000



           0
Imagen del cambio de cobertura forestal Nicaragua.
Cobertura forestal por departamento, Nicaragua.
Deforestación (ha)
     60,000




     50,000




     40,000
ha




     30,000




     20,000




     10,000


                                                                   Deforestación (ha) , 4,737


         0
              1977*   1983*   1985*   1987*   1991*   1996*   (1) 2000**     (2) 2005***
COBERTURA FORESTAL AL AÑO 2000




                           MARRAGANTI



                             TUPIZA


                           RÍO CHICO
                            SAMBÚ
Cambio de Cobertura Forestal en Panamá

     4,000,000
     3,500,000
                                     Cobertura Forestal 1992 (ha)             Cobertura Forestal 2000 (ha)
     3,000,000
     2,500,000
ha




     2,000,000
     1,500,000
     1,000,000
      500,000
            0




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Cobertura Forestal Panama 2004 (ha)
1000,000



 900,000



 800,000



 700,000



 600,000



 500,000



 400,000



 300,000



 200,000



 100,000



      0
           Bocas del   Coclé   Colón   Chiriquí   Darién   Herrera    Los     Panamá Veraguas Comarcas Kuna Yala Emberá –   Ngöbe
             Toro                                                    Santos                                      Wounaan    Buglé

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HONDURAS COURSE - Estado de la cubierta forestal en centroamerica / Omar Samayoa

  • 1. ESTADO DE LA CUBIERTA FORESTAL EN CENTRO AMERICA MAURO E SALAZAR Director Forestal Regional
  • 2.
  • 3. DINAMICA DE LA COBERTURA FORESTAL CENTRO AMERICA Tasa Area Area Area Anual Tasa Area total total total Cubierta Cambio de Cambio Anual de Km2 Forestal Forestal Forestal Forestal Cubierta Cambio Cubierta Cambio 1990 - 1990 - 2000 - 2000 - 1990 2000 2005 2005 2000 2000 2005 2005 % de País/Area Km2 Km2 Km2 tierra Km2/año %/Año Km2/Año %/Año Belize 22,960 16,530 16,530 16,530 72.5 0 0 0 0 Costa Rica 51,100 25,640 23,760 23,910 46.8 -190 -0.8 30 0.1 El Salvador 21,040 3,750 3,240 2,980 14.4 -50 -1.5 -50 -1.7 Guatemala 108,890 47,480 42,080 39,380 36.3 -540 -1.2 -540 -1.3 Honduras 112,090 73,850 54,300 46,480 41.5 -1,960 -3 -1,560 -3.1 Nicaragua 130,000 65,380 55,390 51,890 42.7 -1,000 -1.6 -700 -1.3 Panama 75,520 43,760 43,070 42,940 57.7 -70 -0.2 -30 -0.1 TOTAL 521,600 276,390 238,370 224,110 -3,800 -8.3 -2,850 -7.4
  • 4. AREA FORESTAL Y CAMBIOS DE COBERTURA 140,000 1990-2005 120,000 Area Km2 Area total Forestal 1990 Km2 100,000 Area total Forestal 2000 Km2 Area total Forestal 2005 Km2 80,000 Km ² 60,000 40,000 20,000 0 Nicaragua Honduras Guatemala Panama Costa Rica Belize El Salvador
  • 5. 5
  • 6. GU A EL TE 1,000,000 1,500,000 2,000,000 2,500,000 3,000,000 500,000 0 P M SA R OG ALA CH CAT RE S IM E P O AL É Q TE UE NA Z ES NG C O SA U IN NT T L A A RO T S SA QU OTO OLO ET NI LÁ Bosque 1991/93 ZA CA SU LTE PÁN CH N (ha) I T AN EP GO RE ÉQ T A UE S L Z HU AN HUL E H M EU UE AR TE CO Bosque NA S N 1999-2001 BA QU GO JA IC H 2001 AL V ER É TA A VE PAZ RA (ha) PA PE Z TÉ IZA N BA CH ZAC L IQ AP UI A M Cambios de Cobertura Forestal Guatemala UL JA A LA JU PA TI AP A
  • 8. Forest Area per District Belize (ha) 1000000 900000 800000 700000 600000 500000 400000 300000 200000 100000 0 1 Belize Cayo Corozal Orange Walk Stann Creek Toledo Grand Total
  • 9. COBERTURA FORESTAL DE HONDURAS 1995 Fuente: Anuario Estadístico ftal 2005
  • 11. CAMBIO DE COBERTURA FORESTAL HONDURAS AL 2005 Fuente: Anuario Estadístico ftal 2005
  • 12. Áreas protegidas Tuesday, August 10, 12 Tuesday, August 10, 2010 Elaborado por. Dr. Paul R. House 12 2010
  • 13. Bosques Tawahkas Tuesday, August 10, 13 Tuesday, August 10, 2010 13 2010
  • 14. Zona de amortiguamiento RHBRP, bosques tawahkas, Catacamas Catacamas. Tuesday, August 10, 14 2010
  • 15. Cobertura Forestal por Departamento en Honduras 1800,000 1600,000 1400,000 1200,000 1000,000 ha 800,000 600,000 400,000 200,000 0
  • 16. Imagen del cambio de cobertura forestal Nicaragua.
  • 17. Cobertura forestal por departamento, Nicaragua.
  • 18.
  • 19. Deforestación (ha) 60,000 50,000 40,000 ha 30,000 20,000 10,000 Deforestación (ha) , 4,737 0 1977* 1983* 1985* 1987* 1991* 1996* (1) 2000** (2) 2005***
  • 20. COBERTURA FORESTAL AL AÑO 2000 MARRAGANTI TUPIZA RÍO CHICO SAMBÚ
  • 21. Cambio de Cobertura Forestal en Panamá 4,000,000 3,500,000 Cobertura Forestal 1992 (ha) Cobertura Forestal 2000 (ha) 3,000,000 2,500,000 ha 2,000,000 1,500,000 1,000,000 500,000 0 la an L n le i os a ro n ra s e qu TA ua Ya o ie m l ug oc To re na nt ol ri ar na g TO er C C Sa -B hi na ou ra D de Pa C H be Ve Ku -W s s Lo go ca ra ca N Bo be ar Em om C
  • 22. Cobertura Forestal Panama 2004 (ha) 1000,000 900,000 800,000 700,000 600,000 500,000 400,000 300,000 200,000 100,000 0 Bocas del Coclé Colón Chiriquí Darién Herrera Los Panamá Veraguas Comarcas Kuna Yala Emberá – Ngöbe Toro Santos Wounaan Buglé