Stereotypes are representations of people that rely on preconceived ideas about the group that person is perceived as belonging to. It is assumed that an individual shares personal characteristics with other members of that group eg blondes are all stupid, accountants are all boring. A stereotype is a simplified and/or standardized conception or image with specific meaning, often held in common by members of a group. A stereotype can be a conventional and oversimplified conception, opinion, or image. Stereotypes can range from those that are wildly inaccurate and negative to those that are more than a little bit true and may even shed positive light upon the group of individuals. They are typically generalizations based on minimal or limited knowledge about a group to which the person doing the stereotyping does not belong. Persons may be grouped based on race, ethnicity, religion, sexual orientation, or any number of other categories. “Those who generate and perpetuate stereotypes of others are usually in positions of greater power and status than those who are stereotyped. Stereotypes not only define and place others as inferior, but also implicitly affirm and legitimate those who stereotype in their own position and identity.” Ethnic stereotypes are fixed, oversimplified ideas about an entire group. A stereotype may contain a "kernel of truth," but this kernel becomes exaggerated and rigidly applied to the entire group.
Hopkins v PriceWaterhouseCoopers – Ann B. Hopkins – high performing but “masculine acting” prospective partnerAlleged she was denied partnership due to gender.PW countered that Hopkins had interpersonal problems (was macho)Count ruled that gender-based stereotyping influenced perceptions of her behaviorBecause she was woman in nontraditional role, her behavior seen as more extreme than men who behaved similarly.
Carl- Cleary Gottlieb
Arkansas Bar Building A Diverse Workplace June 2010 Rev
BUILDING A DIVERSE WORKPLACE<br />Arkansas Bar AssociationAnnual MeetingJune 10, 2010<br />Ellen Ostrow, Ph.D., CMCLawyers Life Coach LLC<br />
ADVANCEMENT<br /><ul><li>Attorneys of color = 4.32% partners</li></ul> 15.06% associates<br /><ul><li>Women = 17.06% partners</li></ul> 47.74% associates<br /><ul><li>Nationwide 41% of law offices have no partners of color.
Glass Ceiling Penalizes Women Through Two Distinct Patterns<br /><ul><li>Harder for women to be seen as competent – must demonstrate higher level of competence or demonstrate competence over and over again (descriptive stereotype)
Unconscious bias - judgments and thoughts that, if unexamined, remain outside of conscious awareness or conscious control (e.g., stereotypes that one does not endorse, but may still influence one’s judgments or behaviors).
Unconscious bias-related tools and concepts can be used as a means of furthering workplace diversity efforts