CAADP Successes and Challenges

1,534 views

Published on

Jeske van Seters
Deputy Programme Manager Food Security, ECDPM
Ten Years After the Maputo Declaration on Agriculture and
Food Security in Africa: Dialogue on Progress in West Africa
11- 14 September 2013, Monrovia - Liberia

Published in: Travel, Business
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
1,534
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
242
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
21
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

CAADP Successes and Challenges

  1. 1. Jeske van Seters Deputy Programme Manager Food Security, ECDPM Ten Years After the Maputo Declaration on Agriculture and Food Security in Africa: Dialogue on Progress in West Africa 11- 14 September 2013, Monrovia - Liberia CAADP successes and challenges
  2. 2. •  Africa-wide consensus on critical role of agriculture for inclusive growth on the continent •  Strategic framework instead of just “one shot” programme •  Beyond 10% and 6% commitments, focus on broader agricultural transformation agenda •  Making a case for regional integration and coordination •  Promotes different way of policy-making (evidence-based, inclusive approach, …) 1. CAADP in a nutshell ECDPM Page 2
  3. 3. •  Rapid population growth, urbanisation & changing consumption patterns •  Emerging issues: climate change, land acquisitions & food price spikes •  Stronger engagement BRICS •  Impressive economic growth on the continent, but food insecurity persists 2. Evolving context ECDPM Page 3
  4. 4. 3. CAADP processes – where countries in different regions stand Page 4ECDPM •  CAADP processes well under way on the continent •  West Africa most advanced * Percentages represent share of countries that have finalised these steps as per 1 April 2012 Government and REC launch process Stocktaking growth and investment analysis undertaken Compact signed Investment plan validated Africa 66% 60% 57% 43% Central Africa 44% 33% 33% 11% Eastern Africa 85% 77% 54% 38% Northern Africa 17% 17% 17% 17% Southern Africa 70% 60% 40% 10% Western Africa 100% 100% 100% 100% Source: Annual Trends and Outlook Report 2011 ReSAKSS
  5. 5. 4. Share of public agriculture expenditure – by country Page 5ECDPM 0 10 20 30 Benin Botswana BurkinaFaso Cameroon C.A.R. Chad DRC Congo,Rep. Côted'Ivoire Djibouti Egypt Ethiopia Ghana Kenya Lesotho Malawi Mali Mauritania Morocco Namibia Niger Nigeria Rwanda STP Senegal SierraLeone Sudan Swaziland Tanzania Togo Tunisia Uganda Zambia Zimbabwe Africaaverage 2003-2010 CAADP 10% target 0 10 20 30 Benin Botswana BurkinaFaso Cameroon C.A.R. Chad DRC Congo,Rep. Côted'Ivoire Djibouti Egypt Ethiopia Ghana Kenya Lesotho Malawi Mali Mauritania Morocco Namibia Niger Nigeria Rwanda STP Senegal SierraLeone Sudan Swaziland Tanzania Togo Tunisia Uganda Zambia Zimbabwe Africaaverage 1995-2003 CAADP 10% target Source: ReSAKSS compilation based on various sources: National sources, IFPRI 2011, IMF 2012, and AUC 2008. FIGURE 5.2—SHARE OF PUBLIC AGRICULTURE EXPENDITURE IN TOTAL PUBLIC EXPENDITURE (annual average %) •  Only few countries have achieved the 10% target. Source: Annual Trends and Outlook Report 2011 ReSAKSS
  6. 6. 4. Share of public agricultural expenditure - by region Page 6ECDPM •  Africa as a whole at halfway the 10% commitment, ECOWAS above continental average •  Public agricultural expenditures have reduced compared to early 1990s 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 Annual average level (1990-1995) Annual average level (2003 - 2010) Source: Annual Trends and Outlook Report 2011 ReSAKSS
  7. 7. 5. Agriculture growth rate - by country The approach used here is fully documented in Nin Pratt and Yu (2008). Performance in TFP over time is analyzed across different sub-periods: 1961–1970, 1970–1980, 1980–1990, 1990–2000, and 2000–2010, using communities, and individual countries representing the larg growing agricultural economies. For the spatial analysis of agricultural productivity, we chaPercent -12 -6 0 6 12 18 ZIMBABWE BURUNDI LESOTHO BOTSWANA MAURITANIA CONGO,DEM.REP. ERITREA ZAMBIA SWAZILAND CHAD NAMIBIA SEYCHELLES TOGO CENTRALAFRICANREPUBLIC GABON MADAGASCAR CAPEVERDE TUNISIA COTED'IVOIRE KENYA MALAWI SENEGAL SOUTHAFRICA UGANDA SUDAN COMOROS GHANA MAURITIUS NIGER DJIBOUTI MALI EGYPT,ARABREP. CAMEROON GAMBIA,THE ALGERIA EQUATORIALGUINEA TANZANIA SIERRALEONE BENIN MOROCCO SAOTOMEANDPRINCIPE BURKINAFASO MOZAMBIQUE RWANDA ETHIOPIA NIGERIA GUINEA ANGOLA Annual average growth rate CAADP 6% target Source: Authors’ calculation and representation based on World Bank 2012. Notes: Sudan includes South Sudan because the data are not disaggregated for the two countries. FIGURE 2.2—ANNUAL AVERAGE AGRICULTURE GDP GROWTH RATE (2003–2009) Page 7ECDPM (annual average, 2003 – 2009) Source: Annual Trends and Outlook Report 2011 ReSAKSS
  8. 8. Page 8ECDPM •  African average 2003-2010 is 4.2%, ECOWAS just above continental average with 4.4% •  Production growth has increased 50% compared to early 1990s 5. Agriculture growth rate - by region 0.00 1.00 2.00 3.00 4.00 5.00 6.00 7.00 Annual average (1990-1995) Annual average (2003 - 2010) Source: Annual Trends and Outlook Report 2011 ReSAKSS
  9. 9. 6. Global hunger index Page 9ECDPM 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 Annual average (1990-1995) Annual average (2003 - 2010) •  Food security situation on the continent has improved only modestly compared to the 1990s •  Progress differs between and within regions, most progress in West Africa Source: Annual Trends and Outlook Report 2011 ReSAKSS
  10. 10. 1.  Agriculture at top of priorities •  Ensure quantity and quality of spending •  Have political champion (Head of State, REC President,..) 2.  More comprehensive framework for agricultural transformation, away from ad-hoc project approach •  PNIAs/PRIAS serve as ‘one stop shops’ for agricultural interventions •  Alignment of international development partners 3.  More inclusive processes for policy-making and implementation •  Keep up momentum •  Involve broad range of stakeholders, e.g. public sector, FOs, agri-businesses, transporters, banks, consumers 7. Keys to success: lessons learned ECDPM Page 10
  11. 11. 4.  Strong institutional capacities are key at national and regional level •  e.g. stability CAADP focal point, launch of ECOWAP Food and Agriculture Agency, inter- departmental coordination, … 5.  Time now to shift focus from financing CAADP processes to financing investments •  e.g. promote value-chains, establish market information system,… 6.  Private sector engagement is critical •  Make corridors work for agriculture and small- holders ECDPM Page 11 7. Keys to success: lessons learned (cont’d)
  12. 12. •  Continental efforts to sustain CAADP and build new thrust: -  mobilisation of domestic resources -  leveraging private investments -  focus on delivering results and impact  renewed commitments AU Heads of State in 2014. ECOWAS states could pave the way (Sep ‘13 Ministerial, Dec ‘13 Heads of State Summit) •  Joining forces for ECOWAS to accelerate ECOWAP/CAADP implementation 8. Way forward ECDPM Page 12
  13. 13. Thank you. Merci. Obrigado. Jeske van Seters jvs@ecdpm.org www.ecdpm.org Page 13

×