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# Tenseshift

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• had been will be wants No change is necessary.
• froze had lost knocked No change is necessary.
• was pawing was shaking could not No change is necessary.
• were spending think would be No change is necessary.
• ### Tenseshift

1. 1. chomp!chomp!This presentation isbrought to you byGrammar Bytes!,©2013 by Robin L.Simmons.This presentation isbrought to you byGrammar Bytes!,©2013 by Robin L.Simmons.
2. 2. Tense ShiftTense ShiftTense ShiftTense ShiftDo I use thepresent tenseto maintainconsistency?Do I use thepresent tenseto maintainconsistency?Or do I needthe pasttense instead?Or do I needthe pasttense instead?
3. 3. This presentationcovers recognizingappropriate verbtenses for a giventime frame orcontext.This presentationcovers recognizingappropriate verbtenses for a giventime frame orcontext.
4. 4. A tense shift item on anA tense shift item on anobjective test might lookobjective test might looklike thislike this .. .. ..
5. 5. Sample ItemSample ItemSample ItemSample ItemWhen King was a puppy, he chewed toysWhen King was a puppy, he chewed toysand furniture. Now that he is an adult, heand furniture. Now that he is an adult, hewanted to chew the mail carrier most of all.wanted to chew the mail carrier most of all.A.A.isisB.B.waswasC.C.wantswantsD.D.No change is necessary.No change is necessary.When KingWhen King waswas a puppy, he chewed toysa puppy, he chewed toysAAand furniture. Now that heand furniture. Now that he isis an adult, hean adult, heBBwantedwanted to chew the mail carrier most of all.to chew the mail carrier most of all.CCA.A.isisB.B.waswasC.C.wantswantsD.D.No change is necessary.No change is necessary.When KingWhen King waswas a puppy, he chewed toysa puppy, he chewed toysAAand furniture. Now that heand furniture. Now that he isis an adult, hean adult, heBBwantswants to chew the mail carrier most of all.to chew the mail carrier most of all.CCA.A.isisB.B.waswasC.C.wantswantsD.D.No change is necessary.No change is necessary.Is was, is, orwanted in thewrong tense?Is was, is, orwanted in thewrong tense?Wanted shouldbe presenttense, acorrection optionC makes.Wanted shouldbe presenttense, acorrection optionC makes.
6. 6. UseUse present/present perfectpresent/present perfect tense totense toindicate current/regular action.indicate current/regular action.UseUse present/present perfectpresent/present perfect tense totense toindicate current/regular action.indicate current/regular action.JeffreyJeffrey goesgoes to the gym six days a week where heto the gym six days a week where hehas gainedhas gained not only muscle but also discipline.not only muscle but also discipline.Present tense:Present tense: verbverb ++ ss = singular;= singular; verbverb ++ ØØ ==plural.plural.Present perfect tense:Present perfect tense: hashas oror havehave ++ pastpastparticipleparticipleI have gainedattention fromwomen too!I have gainedattention fromwomen too!
7. 7. JeffreyJeffrey had liftedhad lifted free weights for over an hourfree weights for over an hourbefore someonebefore someone mentionedmentioned the rip in histhe rip in hisshorts.shorts.UseUse past perfectpast perfect to indicate a pastto indicate a pastaction that occurred before anotheraction that occurred before anotherpastpast action.action.UseUse past perfectpast perfect to indicate a pastto indicate a pastaction that occurred before anotheraction that occurred before anotherpastpast action.action.It’s a goodthing I havecuteglutes.It’s a goodthing I havecuteglutes.Past tense:Past tense: regular =regular = verbverb ++ eded; irregular forms; irregular formsvary.vary.Past perfect tense:Past perfect tense: hadhad ++ past participlepast participle
8. 8. JeffreyJeffrey was showingwas showing off when he tore a muscleoff when he tore a musclein his shoulder.in his shoulder.UseUse progressive tensesprogressive tenses to indicateto indicatean ongoing action that occurs asan ongoing action that occurs asanother action happens.another action happens.UseUse progressive tensesprogressive tenses to indicateto indicatean ongoing action that occurs asan ongoing action that occurs asanother action happens.another action happens.Progressive tenses:Progressive tenses: form ofform of bebe ++ verbverb ++ ingingOuch!Ouch!
9. 9. When logic permits, you can mixWhen logic permits, you can mixpast/presentpast/present tenses withtenses with futurefuture..When logic permits, you can mixWhen logic permits, you can mixpast/presentpast/present tenses withtenses with futurefuture..Because heBecause he wentwent to the gym today, Jeffreyto the gym today, Jeffrey willwillrewardreward himself with a triple bacon cheeseburger forhimself with a triple bacon cheeseburger forlunch. After helunch. After he weighsweighs himself tomorrow, hehimself tomorrow, he willwillregretregret the poor food choice.the poor food choice.Because I atebadly, I will haveto do more crunchesat the gym.Because I atebadly, I will haveto do more crunchesat the gym.
10. 10. Could/wouldCould/would = past tense of= past tense ofcan/willcan/will..Could/wouldCould/would = past tense of= past tense ofcan/willcan/will..Jeffrey thought he will have enough energy for hisJeffrey thought he will have enough energy for hisworkout, but skipping breakfast meant that he cannotworkout, but skipping breakfast meant that he cannotcomplete his training.complete his training.You wouldhave had thesameproblem!You wouldhave had thesameproblem!Jeffrey thought heJeffrey thought he wouldwould have enough energy for hishave enough energy for hisworkout, but skipping breakfast meant that heworkout, but skipping breakfast meant that he couldcould notnotcomplete his training.complete his training.
11. 11. Quick TestQuick TestQuick TestQuick TestDirections:Directions: In the items that follow, chooseIn the items that follow, choosethe option that corrects an error in thethe option that corrects an error in theunderlined portion(s). If no error exists, chooseunderlined portion(s). If no error exists, choose“No change is necessary.”“No change is necessary.”You think you’retough? Showme your tensestrength.You think you’retough? Showme your tensestrength.