M 2010 A Y


Published on

  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

M 2010 A Y

  1. 2. <ul><li>DR IMRAN JAVED, </li></ul><ul><li>MBBS, FCPS. </li></ul><ul><li>INTERNATIONAL FELLOW </li></ul>JOURNAL CLUB MAY 2010
  2. 3. Fifteen years of infrapopliteal arterial reconstructions with cryopreserved venous allografts for limb salvage <ul><li>Caren Randon , MD , </li></ul><ul><li>Bart Jacobs , MD, </li></ul><ul><li>Frederik De Ryck , MD, </li></ul><ul><li>Hilde Beele , MD, PhD, </li></ul><ul><li>Frank Vermassen , MD, PhD </li></ul>
  3. 4. Objective <ul><li>To evaluate outcome of cryopreserved saphenous vein bypasses in infragenual bypass surgery in patients with critical limb ischemia (CLI) with distal anastomosis on a crural or pedal vessel . </li></ul>
  4. 5. Clinical end points 1-Primary (assisted) patency 2-Secondary patency 3-Limb salvage 4-Survival Rate
  5. 6. Methods <ul><li>DURATION: November 1991 and December 2005. </li></ul><ul><li>TOTAL GRAFTS: 108 cryopreserved GSV allografts were implanted on a crural or pedal artery. </li></ul><ul><li>TOTAL PATIENTS: 92 CLI patients (42 women, 50 men) who were at clinical Rutherford 4 to 6. </li></ul><ul><li>COMPARITIVE PROCEDURES: 326 tibial or pedal bypasses were performed. </li></ul>
  6. 7. Methods <ul><li>Patients were monitored until March 2007 , or until death or major amputation , for graft patency, limb salvage, and survival. </li></ul><ul><li>Limb salvage is successful when the plantar stand was maintained, and an amputation above the ankle was considered a failure. </li></ul>
  7. 8. DEFINITIONS <ul><li>CLI is presence of chronic ischemic rest pain and non-healing ulcers or gangrene for >2 weeks attributable to objectively proven arterial occlusive disease. </li></ul><ul><li>Primary (assisted) patency was patency until the first graft occlusion. </li></ul><ul><li>Secondary patency was patency (restoration of flow in the graft) from the first occlusion treated with thrombectomy or thrombolysis with most of the original allograft and at least one anastomosis retained in continuity. </li></ul>
  8. 9. DEMOGRAPHIC FACTORS <ul><li>The mean age of 71 years (range, 39-88 years), and 20 were aged >80 years. </li></ul><ul><li>CLI was caused by nondiabetes atherosclerosis in 57%, diabetes in 41%, and Buerger disease in 2%. </li></ul><ul><li>Nearly half of the patients had a history of angina or myocardial infarction , 31% had a preceding coronary bypass grafting operation , and 18% had renal insufficiency or required dialysis. </li></ul>
  9. 10. CLINICAL FEATURES <ul><li>Chronic rest pain: 15(14%) Rutherford 4. </li></ul><ul><li>Non-healing ulcers or gangrene of the foot: 74 (68%) Rutherford 5. </li></ul><ul><li>Extensive soft-tissue deficit with osteomyelitis: 19 (18%) Rutherford 6. </li></ul><ul><li>Osteomyelitis before revascularization: 19 (18%) </li></ul><ul><li>Infected ulcer: 33 (44%) </li></ul><ul><li>Infected femoropopliteal prosthesis: 1(1.1%). </li></ul>
  10. 11. OPERATIVE FINDINGS <ul><li>First attempt allograft: 41 patients (38%). </li></ul><ul><li>Previously revascularized: 67(62%). </li></ul><ul><li>Target vessels </li></ul><ul><li>Anterior tibial artery: 32 (29.6%) </li></ul><ul><li>Posterior tibial artery: 37 (34.3%) </li></ul><ul><li>Peroneal artery: 26 (24.1%) </li></ul><ul><li>Pedal artery: 7 (6.5%) </li></ul><ul><li>Jump graft to AT & PT: 3 (2.8%) </li></ul><ul><li>Conduit ending on the TPT: 3 (2.8%). </li></ul>
  11. 12. DATA ANALYSIS <ul><li>Statistical analysis: SPSS 16.0 </li></ul><ul><li>Kaplan-Meier method: Cumulative patient survival, limb salvage, and graft patency. </li></ul><ul><li>Log-rank test: Risk factors for patency, limb salvage, and death. </li></ul><ul><li>Hazard ratios (HR): evaluate time to event variables. </li></ul><ul><li>Statistical significance: P < .05 </li></ul>
  12. 13. Early Results <ul><li>During the first 30 days, in 18 grafts occluded as a result of technical problems or poor distal runoff. </li></ul><ul><li>Ten patients underwent a major amputation and the other eight were treated with a thrombectomy . </li></ul><ul><li>Three of those eight patients required amputation ≤1 year and another two died during follow-up. </li></ul><ul><li>Five patients (4.6%) died in the hospital after revascularization: four of a major myocardial infarction and 1 of duodenal ulcer bleeding . </li></ul><ul><li>Twelve patients died before complete healing of the ulcers but all had relief of intractable pain . </li></ul>
  13. 14. LateResults <ul><li>Total reconstructions long term follow up: 93 </li></ul><ul><li>Mean follow up time: 26.4 ± 32 months. </li></ul><ul><li>Total deaths: 21 (22.6%) after a mean of 31 ± 35 months. 7 deaths were related to a surgical procedure or major amputation. </li></ul><ul><li>Cumulative patient survival: at 1, 3, and 5 years was 87.4%, 69.4%, and 64.5%. </li></ul><ul><li>Total occlusions: 32 after mean follow-up of 14 ± 15 months, and 18 of these resulted in leg loss. During mean follow-up of 26.4 months, 69 occlusions occurred. </li></ul><ul><li>Limb salvage rate: at 1, 3, and 5 years was 85%, 70%, and 64%. </li></ul>
  14. 15. Results <ul><li>Primary and the primary assisted patency rates: at 6 months to 66.6% and 72.3%, and at 1, 3, and 5 years 49.9% and 55.7%, 26.4% and 32%, and 11.1% and 17.3%, respectively. </li></ul><ul><li>Secondary patency rate: at 1, 3, and 5 years was 73%, 60%, and 38.5%. </li></ul><ul><li>Intake of statins: was an independent positive predictive risk factor for improved patency. </li></ul><ul><li>Presence of diabetes: showed trends for worse patency and for decreased amputation risk. </li></ul><ul><li>Distal runoff: had no statistically significant effect on patency and limb salvage </li></ul><ul><li>Blood group mismatch: was also not a significant risk factor for patency or limb salvage. </li></ul>
  15. 16. <ul><li>Cryopreserved saphenous vein allografts are a valuable alternative to prosthetic materials when autologous veins are not available. </li></ul><ul><li>These grafts are resistant to infection when performed for revascularization in patients with an infected ulcer. </li></ul><ul><li>Better graft and patient selection, better graft surveillance and immunologic matching, and standard use of statins could possibly improve the results even further. </li></ul><ul><li>Shortage in availability might be a limiting factor for their widespread use. </li></ul>CONCLUSION