• Racial segregation is separation of humans into racial
groups in daily life. It may apply to activities such as eating in
a restaurant, drinking from a water fountain, using a public
toilet, attending school, going to the movies, riding on a
bus, or in the rental or purchase of a home.
The chicago race fire of 1919
• During Chicago’s five-day race riot, 38 people died and
more than 500 injured. It began on July 27, 1919, after a
white man caused a black beachgoer to drown.
Afterward, police and civilians had violent
confrontations, arsonists set fires, and bloodthirsty thugs
flooded the streets. Latent tensions between blacks and
whites came to a head. From 1916 to 1919, blacks rushed
to Chicago seeking work, as the city’s economy boomed
during World War I. Whites resented the influx of blacks
and the competition they gave them in the
workforce, especially since economic problems followed
the WWI armistice. During the riot, resentment spilled over.
While 25 other riots occurred in U.S. cities that
summer, the Chicago riot is considered the worst.