Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Postcolonialism

1,583 views

Published on

IGCSE Literature

Published in: Education
  • Be the first to comment

Postcolonialism

  1. 1. IGCSE Literature Senior 2
  2. 2.  If we look at the way the term is formed, we’ll get quite close to its meaning.  The word colonial refers to the process of colonization, to the idea of empire, to the encounter between two cultures (that of the colonizer and the colonized) and to the effects brought about by such encounter.  The prefix post- may be interpreted as either after or a continuation of: in this case, after the process of colonization or a continuation of it. This last meaning does not necessarily have to do with a literal act of colonization: in fact, many countries have gained independence. However, former colonies are still “haunted” by the ghost of power, manipulation and strength the empire has created.
  3. 3.  The issue of territorial expansion and empire has been present for ages. And it has become a central subject and concern in Literature.  The texts we are currently dealing with explore XIXth century colonization (Queen Victoria’s empire) and its repercussions in the XXth and XXIst centuries (process of decolonization). Postcolonial Literature tackles the impact English territorial expansion has had on different communities and individuals and what it was like to be subdued to their culture, their economy, their beliefs and their language.
  4. 4. There are certain questions which readers may want to ask themselves so as to achieve greater understanding and a wider perspective of the microcosm and the macrocosm.  Is the text written by the empire or by the colony?  Is the author related to the culture of the colonizer or of the colonized?  Is the author in his country of origin or is (s)he displaced?  Is the text written in the country of the colonizer or of the colonized?  Is the text written in standard English or in a variety of English?  Is the text writing back to another text/ culture/ discourse?
  5. 5.  The concept of writing back was coined by Salman Rushdie, who wrote and theorized about the issue of Imperialism and became inspired by the film Star Wars: The Empire Strikes Back to illustrate his point.  Certain texts may write back to other texts, cultures, ideologies, discourses, and so on. This literary phenomenon aims at dismantling the Eurocentric view of the world, the literary hegemony (or the canon), the norm and the binary oppositions which have historically positioned “the West” under a positive light. Writing back proposes alternative discourses, new voices.
  6. 6.  IDENTITY (self/other, -ness)  OTHERNESS  DIFFERENCE  POWER/ HEGEMONY  DISCOURSE
  7. 7.  Reading texts within a postcolonial framework of analysis invites us to see texts as cultural products. As a result, it is likely for readers to delve into the context of production and the setting the literary work presents. This reading practice also challenges cultural roles and binary oppositions. In fact, can we think in terms of good/bad, white/black, colonizer/colonized? In addition, new voices and a plurality of interpretations are welcome to emerge and be heard, thereby allowing multiple points of view to coexist and interact.
  8. 8. Try and identify postcolonial elements in the poem “Colonization in reverse” by Jamaican writter Louise Bennet. Louise Bennett was a Jamaican poet born on September 7, 1919. She has been described as the only poet who has really hit the truth about her society through its own language. Through her poems in Jamaican patois, she not only raised the dialect of the Jamaican folk to an art level but also captured all the spontaneity of the expression of Jamaicans' joys and sorrows, their ready, poignant and even wicked wit, their religion and their philosophy of life. A British Council Scholarship took her to the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art in London, where she studied in the late 1940s. In 1974, she was awarded the Order of Jamaica. She also received the Norman Manley Award for Excellence in the arts and a honorary Doctor of Letters degree from the University of West Indies. In 2001, she was made a Member of the Order of Merit for her contribution to the development of Jamaican Arts and Culture. She died on July 26, 2006, in Toronto, Canada.
  9. 9. Wat a joyful news, Miss Mattie, I feel like me heart gwine burs Jamaica people colonizin Englan in Reverse Be the hundred, be de tousan Fro country and from town, By de ship-load, be the plane load Jamaica is Englan boun. Dem pour out a Jamaica, Everybody future plan Is fe get a big-time job An settle in de mother lan. What an islan! What a people! Man an woman, old an young Jus a pack dem bag an baggage An turn history upside dung! Some people doan like travel, But fe show dem loyalty Dem all a open up cheap-fare- To-England agency. An week by week dem shipping off Dem countryman like fire, Fe immigrate an populate De seat a de Empire. Oonoo see how life is funny, Oonoo see da turnabout? Jamaica live fe box bread Out a English people mout’. For wen dem ketch a Englan, An start play dem different role, Some will settle down to work An some will settle fe de dole. Jane says de dole is not too bad Because dey paying she Two pounds a week fe seek a job dat suit her dignity me say Jane will never fine work At de rate how she dah look, For all day she stay popn Aunt Fan couch An read love-story book. Wat a devilment a Englan! Dem face war an brave de worse, But me wondering how dem gwine stan Colonizin in reverse.
  10. 10. Wat a joyful news, Miss Mattie, I feel like me heart gwine burs Jamaica people colonizin Englan in Reverse Be the hundred, be de tousan Fro country and from town, By de ship-load, be the plane load Jamaica is Englan boun. Dem pour out a Jamaica, Everybody future plan Is fe get a big-time job An settle in de mother lan. What an islan! What a people! Man an woman, old an young Jus a pack dem bag an baggage An turn history upside dung! Some people doan like travel, But fe show dem loyalty Dem all a open up cheap-fare- To-England agency. An week by week dem shipping off Dem countryman like fire, Fe immigrate an populate De seat a de Empire. Oonoo see how life is funny, Oonoo see da turnabout? Jamaica live fe box bread Out a English people mout’. For wen dem ketch a Englan, An start play dem different role, Some will settle down to work An some will settle fe de dole. Jane says de dole is not too bad Because dey paying she Two pounds a week fe seek a job dat suit her dignity me say Jane will never fine work At de rate how she dah look, For all day she stay popn Aunt Fan couch An read love-story book. Wat a devilment a Englan! Dem face war an brave de worse, But me wondering how dem gwine stan Colonizin in reverse.

×