Donald Ratliff: Cambios y Desafíos en la Logística Mundial

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El director ejecutivo del Instituto de Logística y Cadena de Abastecimiento del Georgia Tech, Estados Unidos, Donald, Ratliff, partició en el taller "Desafíos y Tendencias Globales en la Industria Logística: implicaciones para Chile" organizado por el CNIC.

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  • Red = measurements at top of container Green = measurements in middle of container, shielded by other cartons of wine
  • Donald Ratliff: Cambios y Desafíos en la Logística Mundial

    1. 1. Global Logistics Trends & Challenges <ul><li>H. Donald Ratliff </li></ul><ul><li>USP and Regents Professor </li></ul><ul><li>Executive Director – SCL </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul>
    2. 2. Warehousing & Distribution Global Transportation Manufacturing Logistics Health Care Logistics Resource Scheduling Supply Chain Strategy Humanitarian Logistics Supply Chain & Logistics Institute Research International Food Chains Proposed TIP Centers Network Singapore Costa Rica
    3. 3. Logistics Trends/Concerns <ul><li>New generation of software </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Service Oriented Architecture (SOA) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Software as a Service (SaaS) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Tight credit </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cost to carry inventory </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Excess transportation capacity </li></ul><ul><li>Variable fuel prices </li></ul><ul><li>New US regulations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Carbon emissions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fuel efficiency </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Food traceability </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Import documentation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Security </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Inspection </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Need for better integration </li></ul>
    4. 4. Logistics Mega Trend <ul><li>Complexity drivers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Variability and uncertainty </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Size </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lack of visibility and control </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lack of logistics education/knowledge </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Where does performance need improvement? </li></ul><ul><li>How can performance be improved? </li></ul>Time Logistics Complexity Ability to Overcome Complexity Complexity Gap
    5. 5. Supply & Logistics Performance Drivers Time Cost Quality Variability Supply Chains/ Logistics Most Difficult
    6. 6. Variability in Container Transit Times <ul><li>Livorno/NY </li></ul><ul><li>Livorno/Sav </li></ul><ul><li>Genoa/NY </li></ul><ul><li>Genoa/Sav </li></ul>
    7. 7. Shipping Lines Quote “Average” Times CSAV Houston Long Beach Port Everglades Pt Elizabeth San Antonio 31 days 13 days --- --- San Vicente 31 days 14 days 16 days 16 days San Antonio San Vicente Houston 20 days --- Port Everglades --- 17 days Pt Elizabeth --- 16 days
    8. 8. CSAV - Chile and USA West Coast Variability at each port call
    9. 9. CSAV - Chile and USA East Coast Variability at each port call Variability in canal transit
    10. 10. Variability for New Cars Waiting for Rail Shipment
    11. 11. Variability in Air Transit Times
    12. 12. Synchronization <ul><li>What is the impact of planning based on average lead time? </li></ul><ul><li>How can we reduce lead time variability? </li></ul><ul><li>How should we deal with remaining lead time variability? </li></ul>Lead time distribution Inventory Run out point Days Average lead time Order point?
    13. 13. Wine Supply Chain Council
    14. 14. Shipping routes
    15. 15. Lead Time to Baltimore What is the impact of variability? What is causing the variability? What can/should we do about variability?
    16. 16. Temp History: South Australia to Baltimore Shippers typically have limited “forward” visibility
    17. 17. Improving Logistics Performance <ul><li>Critical to know where to focus </li></ul><ul><li>Major areas to consider </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Infrastructure improvement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Physical infrastructure </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Information and decision technology </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Eliminating waste </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reducing variability </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Alignment and synchronization </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Technology modernization </li></ul></ul>
    18. 18. Questions for Chile Industry <ul><li>How important is logistics to your business? </li></ul><ul><li>How good is your logistics performance? </li></ul><ul><li>How much performance improvement is within your control? </li></ul><ul><li>What are you doing to continuously improve? </li></ul><ul><li>How can you stay current with regard to logistics concepts and technology? </li></ul>

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