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TPCASTT Poetry Analysis
Title <ul><li>Examine the  LITERAL  meaning of the title before reading the poem. </li></ul><ul><li>There are two kinds of...
Paraphrase <ul><li>Translate the poem line by line into your own words. </li></ul><ul><li>AND I MEAN TRANSLATE…WORD FOR WO...
Connotation <ul><li>Examine the poem for meaning beyond the literal translation.  Identify and figure out the figurative l...
Attitude <ul><li>After identifying a subject/topic of a poem then you identify how the speaker or poet feels about it. </l...
Shifts <ul><li>Note transitions/shifts in the speaker or attitude </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Occasion: time and place </li></ul...
Title <ul><li>Look at the title on an  INTERPRETIVE  level. </li></ul><ul><li>Examine the title again.  Figure out how the...
Theme <ul><li>First list what the poem is about (subjects) then determine what the poet is saying about each of these subj...
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Tpcastt

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Tpcastt

  1. 1. TPCASTT Poetry Analysis
  2. 2. Title <ul><li>Examine the LITERAL meaning of the title before reading the poem. </li></ul><ul><li>There are two kinds of titles. </li></ul><ul><li>Interactive Titles – have some sort of interplay with the poem itself and can affect its meaning. </li></ul><ul><li>Naming Titles – may give less crucial information </li></ul><ul><li>If a poem lacks a title you can do this step with the first line of the poem </li></ul>
  3. 3. Paraphrase <ul><li>Translate the poem line by line into your own words. </li></ul><ul><li>AND I MEAN TRANSLATE…WORD FOR WORD!!! </li></ul><ul><li>Find SYNONYMS for every word. </li></ul><ul><li>Resist jumping into interpretation; you are looking at LITERAL meaning. </li></ul><ul><li>Summarizing is NOT paraphrasing </li></ul>
  4. 4. Connotation <ul><li>Examine the poem for meaning beyond the literal translation. Identify and figure out the figurative language. </li></ul><ul><li>Look for: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Diction: word choice </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Imagery: word pictures (5 senses) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Figures of Speech: metaphor, simile, personification, allusion, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Musical Devices: alliteration, onomatopoeia, rhythm, rhyme scheme, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Irony: surprising, interesting, or amusing contradictions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Symbolism: word, phrase, or other object that stands for something else </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Attitude <ul><li>After identifying a subject/topic of a poem then you identify how the speaker or poet feels about it. </li></ul><ul><li>Tone-- look for the speaker’s tone and the author’s tone. What are his or her attitudes toward the audience and his or her subject matter? </li></ul>
  6. 6. Shifts <ul><li>Note transitions/shifts in the speaker or attitude </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Occasion: time and place </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Key words: “but,” “yet,” etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Punctuation: dashes, periods, colons </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stanza length/change in foot: notice when the poem seems to speed up or slow down </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Also look for shifts in subject, attitude, mood, and motif. </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Title <ul><li>Look at the title on an INTERPRETIVE level. </li></ul><ul><li>Examine the title again. Figure out how the title illuminates the poem. Remember a naming title may not mean much. Remember you can do this with the first line of a poem if it lacks a title. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Theme <ul><li>First list what the poem is about (subjects) then determine what the poet is saying about each of these subjects. </li></ul><ul><li>Express the theme as a complete sentence. </li></ul><ul><li>With this step, you are determining what the poet thinks about the subject, what insight or message about life is the poet revealing to the reader. </li></ul>

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