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The Age Of Discovery


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The Age Of Discovery

  1. 1. Questions of the Day <ul><li>What was the motivation behind early world exploration? </li></ul><ul><li>For whom did early explorers sail? </li></ul><ul><li>What did sailors eat while at sea and what were some problems that early sailors could encounter regarding their food? </li></ul><ul><li>What event occurred in the 13 th century that allowed travel between Europe and Asia? </li></ul><ul><li>In the early days of exploration, much of the world was explored via land. What is one famous journey of exploration in the 13 th century? </li></ul>
  2. 2. <ul><li>Essential Questions: </li></ul><ul><li>What was Europe like in the early 1400s? </li></ul><ul><li>What was the Age of Discovery? </li></ul><ul><li>What inventions propelled the Age of Discovery? </li></ul><ul><li>What was the impact of the Age of Discovery? </li></ul>
  3. 3. Early Exploration <ul><li>Expeditions crossed Asia by land </li></ul><ul><li>The Mongols: Good and Bad </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Threatened Europe with destruction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>But they unified Asia creating trade & communication routes </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Europeans took advantage of this: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Explored the Far East </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Traded with Middle East & Asia </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The Mongol Empire collapsed </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Eastern travel was dangerous </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. The Black Death <ul><li>One of the deadliest plagues in history </li></ul><ul><li>Began in Asia or India & spread to Europe </li></ul><ul><li>Total number of deaths worldwide is estimated at 75 million people </li></ul><ul><ul><li>25-50 million occurred in Europe </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>30%-60% of Europe's population </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduced the world's population from 450 million to 350 million </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Blow to the Roman Catholic Church </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No one was able to cure the plague </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Led to a mistrust of religious officials </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Believed the plague was God's wrath </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. The Rise of Nations <ul><li>With the decline of Church monarchs were quick to fill the power-gap </li></ul><ul><li>This resulted in the growth of towns, cities, and nations </li></ul><ul><li>By the late 1400’s four major nations were taking shape in western Europe </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Portugal, Spain, France, and England </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Leaders encouraged exploration </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A way to finance their armies and their bureaucracies </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. The Age of Discovery <ul><li>Europeans – especially Portugal – explored the world by ocean for trading partners </li></ul><ul><li>Sought a trade route to Asia </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wanted gold, silver, and spices </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Europeans used new sailing technologies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Most important was the caravel </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Was the first ship that could leave the calm Mediterranean and sail safely in the Atlantic </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Carrack vs. the Caravel <ul><li>Carracks were used for exploration </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Explored the African coast </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Had larger square sails </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Were very difficult to navigate </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The Caravel </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Smaller and could explore shallow waters </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Had lateen, or triangular sails </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Made the caravel fast </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Columbus set out in two caravels </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Santa Maria was a small carrack </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pinta and Niña were slightly larger caravels </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Impact of the Age of Discovery <ul><li>New oceanic links by Europeans led to the Age of Imperialism </li></ul><ul><li>Age of Imperialism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Period of expansion by European nations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>European powers came to control most of the planet </li></ul></ul><ul><li>New World civilizations were destroyed by European conquests </li></ul><ul><li>New religions were forced onto people, especially in the New World </li></ul>