IWLA Agricultural Program Brad Redlin, Director Conservation Compliance Provisions: Key Developments and Lingering Issues
<ul><li>The Food Security Act of 1985 (Farm Bill) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wetlands Conservation (WC) or “Swampbuster” </li><...
<ul><li>Swampbuster/WC. </li></ul><ul><li>1990 Farm Bill: required USDA to map all wetlands; establish certification and a...
<ul><li>HEL Conservation. </li></ul><ul><li>1988 Final Rule: added “economic and technical feasibility” provision and allo...
<ul><li>The Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 </li></ul><ul><li>All Good Faith determinations must be reviewed at...
<ul><li>2012 Farm Bill… </li></ul><ul><li>Crop Insurance: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Compliance exempt and Written Agreements. ...
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Conservation compliance 7 23-10

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Over view of federal farm policy conservation compliance provisions 1985 to 2008.

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Conservation compliance 7 23-10

  1. 1. IWLA Agricultural Program Brad Redlin, Director Conservation Compliance Provisions: Key Developments and Lingering Issues
  2. 2. <ul><li>The Food Security Act of 1985 (Farm Bill) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wetlands Conservation (WC) or “Swampbuster” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Highly Erodible Land Conservation (HELC) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ Sodbuster” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Conservation compliance </li></ul></ul></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Swampbuster/WC. </li></ul><ul><li>1990 Farm Bill: required USDA to map all wetlands; establish certification and appeals process. </li></ul><ul><li>1990 Farm Bill: defined swampbusting from the time of conversion rather than from time that crop was planted; added 6 more USDA programs for possible benefit denial. </li></ul><ul><li>1990 Farm Bill: installed graduated sanction (from $750 to $10,000) rather than loss of all benefits; made available retroactively; available once per producer every 10 yrs. </li></ul><ul><li>1990 Farm Bill: expanded exempt wetlands and clarified “minimal effects” exemption. </li></ul><ul><li>2002 Farm Bill: prohibit USDA delegate authority for wetland determinations to other parties. </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>HEL Conservation. </li></ul><ul><li>1988 Final Rule: added “economic and technical feasibility” provision and allowed “alternate conservation systems” erosion reduction above T (set originally) at lower cost to producer; Chief Scaling subsequently mandated alternate systems be made available to all producers. </li></ul><ul><li>1990 Farm Bill: installed graduated penalty ($500 to $5,000) under Good Faith exemption available once per producer every 10 yrs. </li></ul><ul><li>1990 Farm Bill: added 6 more USDA programs for possible benefit denial and required compliance on HEL land in commodity set aside program of that era. </li></ul><ul><li>1996 Farm Bill: provided violators 1 year to meet compliance; created <30 day variances for weather, pest, disease. </li></ul><ul><li>1996 Farm Bill: allowed producers to self-certify compliance and modify plans if maintain same level. </li></ul><ul><li>1996 Farm Bill: allowed COC to permit relief if conservation system is undue economic hardship. </li></ul><ul><li>1996 Farm Bill: delete crop insurance from benefits that can be denied. </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>The Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 </li></ul><ul><li>All Good Faith determinations must be reviewed at state level. </li></ul><ul><li>Graduated Penalties established for HELC violations. </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>2012 Farm Bill… </li></ul><ul><li>Crop Insurance: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Compliance exempt and Written Agreements. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Drainage: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rapid expansion, NRCS engagement. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Nutrient Management: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Setback compliance. </li></ul></ul>

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