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Energy Efficiency in Buildings:
Europe and Central Asia
Marina Olshanskaya
UNDP-GEF Regional Technical Advisor

Expanded M...
UNDP-GEF Portfolio on Energy Efficient Buildings

•

$ 800 m ($150 m from GEF) for 45

projects
•

Over 40 countries, main...
Energy Efficiency at Local, National, Regional Level

BEFORE

Household

Regional /
Global

AFTER

Standards
and labels fo...
Buildings - the largest energy
2010
consuming sector in Eurasia
Buildings

Industry

Agriculture

Industry

Agriculture

B...
Over 50% energy can be saved cost-effectively

Sources: UNDP/GEF Project Report, Uzbekistan , 4 4
in Bulgaria, Uzbekistan, Montenegro - everywhere
BEFORE

AFTER
Source: UNDP/GEF Project Reports

5 5
efficiency is not only about energy …

Sources: UNDP/GEF Project in Uzbekistan

6
Where are the bottlenecks: market fails
No effective demand for “negawatts”:
• Tariffs remain low, but not everywhere
and ...
Solutions: Leadership
Policies and their systematic implementation
• One EE Law is not enough
• Tariffs, Housing Relations...
Thank you

Source: UNDP/GEF Project in Russia , 9 9
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Energy Efficiency in Buildings: Europe and Central Asia

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Presentation from the 2013 Atlantic Council Energy & Economic Summit expanded ministerial meeting. Presented by Marina Olshanskaya, UNDP-GEF Regional Technical Advisor, United Nations Development Programme.

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Energy Efficiency in Buildings: Europe and Central Asia

  1. 1. Energy Efficiency in Buildings: Europe and Central Asia Marina Olshanskaya UNDP-GEF Regional Technical Advisor Expanded Ministerial Meeting: Energy Efficiency for Economic Growth Atlantic Council ENERGY &ECONOMIC Summit Istanbul, November 21, 2013
  2. 2. UNDP-GEF Portfolio on Energy Efficient Buildings • $ 800 m ($150 m from GEF) for 45 projects • Over 40 countries, mainly in Eastern Europe and Central Asia 1
  3. 3. Energy Efficiency at Local, National, Regional Level BEFORE Household Regional / Global AFTER Standards and labels for EE household appliances Community Building Energy Efficiency Retrofits National Municipality Energy efficient district heating National Energy Efficiency Programs Global Program Framework for Low Emission Buildings Objective: achieve market transformation and increase uptake of energy efficient technologies and practices at household, community, municipal and national level 2
  4. 4. Buildings - the largest energy 2010 consuming sector in Eurasia Buildings Industry Agriculture Industry Agriculture Buildings Others Others kWh/m2/yr 600 500 400 E 300 K 200 33% 100 35% 33% 35% 0 EU 15 Kyrgyzstan 2% 2% 30% 30% Final energy consumption by sector in non-OECD Europe and Eurasia, 2010 with BIG potential for improvement Sources: OECD/IEA, UNDP/GEF Project Reports (Kyrgyzstan and Turkmenistan) 3
  5. 5. Over 50% energy can be saved cost-effectively Sources: UNDP/GEF Project Report, Uzbekistan , 4 4
  6. 6. in Bulgaria, Uzbekistan, Montenegro - everywhere BEFORE AFTER Source: UNDP/GEF Project Reports 5 5
  7. 7. efficiency is not only about energy … Sources: UNDP/GEF Project in Uzbekistan 6
  8. 8. Where are the bottlenecks: market fails No effective demand for “negawatts”: • Tariffs remain low, but not everywhere and not that low • Tenants - disorganized, ignorant about EE and often poor • Municipalities lack capacities Supply of technologies, services and financing inadequate: Electricity prices for households vs energy recovery cost • ESCOs are few, with poor financial standing and ability to attract capital • Financing – does not match risk/reward profile of building EE projects&clients • Domestic EE products, materials, skills are in short supply (and expensive) Share of household spending on energy in Tajikistan Sources: UNDP 2013 (forthcoming) 7
  9. 9. Solutions: Leadership Policies and their systematic implementation • One EE Law is not enough • Tariffs, Housing Relations, Budget Code, Building Codes, Public Procurement, etc Public sector has to lead by example: • Croatia: Energy Management System covers 11,000 public buildings, annual saving to state budget - 18 mln US$ • Energy Charter of Croatia signed by ALL regional and local authorities Kazakhstan: National Modernization Program – public commitment to invest 640 mln $ in building modernization till 2020 Visit of Kazakhstan President Nazarbaev at pilot energy efficient building in Karaganda, KAZ Sources: UNDP/GEF Projects in Croatia and Kazakhstan 8
  10. 10. Thank you Source: UNDP/GEF Project in Russia , 9 9

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