BRICKs Kazakhstan

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Green energy trends in a boosting market

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BRICKs Kazakhstan

  1. 1. Joan López ESADE Business School Candidate Almaty. Kazakhstan. August 2010 BRICKs
  2. 2. 1.  Introduction. 2.  Overview of energy supply. 3.  Main inversion projects. 4.  International presence. 5.  MBA career opportunities.
  3. 3. Introduction. Overview of energy supply. Main inversion projects. International presence. MBA career opportunities.
  4. 4. Info. Overview. Demographical Info (2009) Unit Population millions 15,4 Land area sq Km 2.720 Economi Overview (2009) Largest of the former Soviet republics. Growth rate 2002-07 was 8%. Indutry sector with a hugh presence. Extraction and processing of natural resources. Sources: CIA World Factbook, U.S. Energy Information Administration, United Nations Conference on Trade and Development.
  5. 5. Sources: Own sources
  6. 6. Sources: Own sources
  7. 7. Introduction. Overview of energy supply. Main inversion projects. International presence. MBA career opportunities.
  8. 8. • K is one of the main coal producers in Central Asia and East Asia. • K is the main energy exporter to Russia, China and Central Asia industrial regions. Energy Industry. Overview
  9. 9. Energy industry. Disposition. Electricity disposition (2009) bKWh Electricity production 78,4 Electricity consumption 77,9 International trade (2009) bKWh Exports 0,5 Imports 1,94 Sources: CIA World Factbook, U.S. Energy Information Administration, United Nations Conference on Trade and Development. Balance: -$1,2b
  10. 10. • K’s total installed power generating capacity is 18.7 GW. • Poor maintenance and obsolete equipment. • More than 70% of K energy requirements is supported with domestic coal. Energy Industry. Overview
  11. 11. • McKinsey forecasts electricity domestic market could absorb 3b kWh today and 8b in 2017. • Reduction of 70m tons of CO2 in ten years. • BASF has a long-term contract to ensure the quality of Kazakhstan bio-fuel, solar and wind farms validation. Energy Industry. Overview
  12. 12. Introduction. Overview of energy supply. Main inversion projects. International presence. MBA career opportunities.
  13. 13. Main Inversion Projects I.  Wind Power. II.  Solar Power. III.  Hydropower. IV.  Bio-Fuel.
  14. 14. Wind Power. Areas Sources: Own sources
  15. 15. • K Wind Power potential >1,8 trillion kWh per year. • >50% of the area of K is rated at 4 – 5m/s at 30 meters. • >20% of the area of K is rated at >6m/s in at 80 meters. • Chinese investments to generate and export electricity to China, specifically to Xing Jiang. Wind Power
  16. 16. • UNDP planned 20 prospective sites for construction of large wind farms. • Increase capacity up to 300 MW by 2015 (at an estimated cost of $375 million), with increases up to 2 GW by 2024 through domestic and foreign investment. • 5 MW wind power plant has already been launched like plant test. Wind Power. Initiatives
  17. 17. Solar Power. Areas Sources: Own sources
  18. 18. • Most potential market and potential for the vast territory of Central Asia. • Number of sunny hours is 2.200 - 3.000 per year. • Energy solar radiation is 1.300 – 1.800 kW/sqm/ year. Solar Power Sources: Own sources
  19. 19. • Development Bank of K finances the construction of a polycrystalline silicon plant in Astana ($390m investment). • Replacing imports of electricity, especially in the southern region. • Extend access to electricity to the country’s remote and nomadic populations. Solar Power. Initiatives.
  20. 20. Hydro Power.Areas. Sources: Own sources
  21. 21. • Accounts 12% of K’s total generating capacity. • Average annual amount hydropower generation amounts to 7,78b kWh. • By January 2012, at least 50 percent of the electricity generated in K would be sold at electricity exchange. Hydro Power Sources: Baker McKinsei 2008
  22. 22. • Investment of local authorities in small hydro ($750m in 10 years). • Interest of Chinese Government in big hydro ($15Km in 15 years). • Private EU investors of small hydro provided with international short-term credits. • Tax holidays in realization of investment projects Program. Hydro Power. Initiatives.
  23. 23. Bio – Fuel. Areas. Sources: Own sources
  24. 24. • Currently, K’s bio fuel sector is in its infancy. • K is the largest producer of wheat in Central Asia. • K has a potential to produce 300K tons bio diesel per year and export more than half of it becomming the second largest exporter to the EU. Bio-Fuel Sources: Own sources
  25. 25. • Were built 3 plants in 2009 and are under construction 4 more plants increasing to over 50K tons per year • Exporting 100% to China and Russia. • The national program for transition development calls for increase investment up to 25% by 2024. Bio-Fuel. Initiatives. Sources: Own sources
  26. 26. Introduction. Overview of energy supply. Main inversion projects. International presence. MBA career opportunities.
  27. 27. By Multinational Companies
  28. 28. By Countries
  29. 29. Introduction. Overview of energy supply. Main inversion projects. International presence. MBA career opportunities.
  30. 30. 1) Industry. •  Business Manager. •  Project Manager. 2) Finance and consulting. •  Strategic Planning. •  Strategic Foresight. •  International Relations. •  Strategic Finance Transformation Office. MBA Career Opportunities
  31. 31. Thank you • More information and projects. Email: joanlopezgonzalez@yahoo.es Linkedin Group: Networking Bridge China Spain.

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