Republica de colombia


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Republica de colombia

  1. 1. REPUBLICA DE COLOMBIAIMPORTANCE OF COLOMBIAAlejandro RestrepoGeology 40005/02/2013
  3. 3. PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY Located in Northern South America Borders Panama, Ecuador, Venezuela, Peru, andBrazil Only South American country with coastlines on boththe Pacific and Atlantic ocean Area comparative : slightly less than twice the size ofTexas Very Tropical climate Rich in natural resources (petroleum, coal, iron, gold,natural gas, emeralds, copper) Tropical climate (equatorial country)
  4. 4. A LITTLE BIT OF HISTORY Prior to Spanish colonization, Colombia wasinhabited by local Native Indian tribes 1525 begins Spanish Colonization Exploited for its massive amounts of gold and othernatural resources Originally named Vice Royalty of NuevaGranada Later became Gran Colombia (Ecuador,Venezuela, Panama, Colombia) Bogota uprising 20 de Julio, 1810
  5. 5. SIMON BOLIVAR : THE LIBERATOR 1819 secured Independence for GranColombia Slowly, but surely Gran Colombia breaksapart forming individual countries
  6. 6. EL BOGOTAZO Y LA VIOLENCIA Fast forward to 1900’s Colombia has been torn by political violence andsocial inequality April 9th, 1948 popular leftist Jorge EliezerGaitan was murdered in Bogota El Bogotazo – massive riots after the death of Gaitan 3000 to 5000 injured or dead in 10 hours of riots Effects of El Bogotazo spread throughoutColombia, therefore receiving the title “LaViolencia”
  8. 8. EL PUEBLO QUERIA MAS!The outcome of the death of Jorge Eliezer Gaitain
  9. 9. HTTP://WWW.YOUTUBE.COM/WATCH?V=T0LY31W84VCSmall clip of some pictures of El Bogotazo
  10. 10. MODERN DAY COLOMBIA Despite the political upheaval and violencethat has consistently tormented the country,Colombia and its people continue to cometogether, economically and socially
  11. 11. ECONOMY Colombia has a free market economy, verysimilar to that of the US Major American and foreign investment Colombia is becoming more and more acapitalistic society and economy with free tradeagreements with neighboring countries and theUS Having two coastlines gives Colombia a hugemaritime opportunity for trade, opening up itsoptions for more trade with countries on bothsides of the world
  12. 12. ECONOMY CONT. In recent years Colombia has had a an aggressiveexpansion of its economy Aggressive free trade with the US and China Colombia-US Free Trade Agreement, also with Mexico, EU,Japan… Market friendly economic prices have led to… GDP has grown at a level of more than 4% over thelast few years Over a decade of strong performance This due to foreign investment and US aid Relies heavily on oil export (Ecopetrol) According to, Colombia has the 37thfreeist economy in the world
  13. 13. ECONOMIC ISSUES Relies heavily on oil export (Ecopetrol) Also relies on many other commodities In order to maximize business, Colombia needsto adjust to the commodities boom Important reforms need to be enacted Income inequality needs to be reduced Income inequality largely driven by unemploymentand informality Boost productivity and sustain growth Government policies should be adjusted to promoteproductivity across the economy
  14. 14. 2013 INDEX OF ECONOMIC FREEDOMSLOWLY BUT SURELY… Gradual increase over time
  15. 15. MAJOR CITIES One interesting feature about Colombia isthat its two most important cities, the capital,Bogota and Medellin are not near the coast Cartagena, Santa Marta, and Barranquillaare also very important coastal cities A lot of trade comes in and out of these cites, toinclude de Port of Buenaventua and Tumaco Map of Colombian ports both scattered on the Atlanticand Pacific
  16. 16. BOGOTA Capital and largest city of Colombia 7.3 million people as of 2010 Amongst the 30 largest cities in the world Center of administrative, economic andpolitical influence in Colombia
  17. 17. MEDELLIN : CUIDAD DE ETERNA PRIMERVA Located in “El Valle de Aburra” Capital of the Department of Antioquia Northern Andes Mountains Second largest city in Colombia Population of 2.7 million 3.5 million in the metropolitan area Metropolitan area consists of 9 cities Medellin, Envigado, Sabaneta, La Estrella, Caldas,Copacabana, Giradota, Barbosa WSJ named it the world most innovative city
  18. 18. MEDELLIN CONT. Civic spaces Rich culture Increased mobility amongst its citizens Metro, MetroPlus, MetroCable, highway andtunnel systems through and around themountains “The Urban Land Institute said Medellin had seenone of the most remarkable urban turnarounds inmodern history.” -BBC
  21. 21. SANTA MARTA Y CARTAGENA These coastal cities have been driving Colombiantourism sky high Not only are commodities a big part of the GDP, butthese tropical areas are the destination of manywealthy Latin Americans, Europeans, and nowAmerican spring breakers
  23. 23. PUERTO DE BUENAVENTURA Key Colombian hub to connect it to the restof the world Import/export capital of Colombia Colombia’s busiest and most important port,located on the Pacific, outside of the city ofCali Not only a key port used by the Colombiangovernment, but also by drug smugglers tolaunder money
  24. 24. NEGATIVE IMAGE/CONNATATION Drug violence has consistently givenColombia a negative image Drug Cartels since the 1970’s have hadenormous power and influence Medellin and Cali Cartel during the 80’s andearly 90’s Guerilla and Paramilitary forces FARC, ELN,AUC now control the billion dollar cocainetrade
  25. 25. DRUG TRADE… Colombian ports are not only used for legal reasons, butalso for the drug trade (both Pacific and Atlantic ocean)
  26. 26. DRUG TRADE LEADS TO VIOLENCE Colombia, no matter were you go is plagued bylower class violence While traveling in Medellin in December, there was amassacre in Medellin between rival gangs, 9 werefound dead, including two models Guerillas use violent force in order to continueto produce cocaine in mountainous areas Fighting for control and legalization of the drugbusiness Ex president Alvaro Uribe dramatically reducedthe influence of both drug cartels and guerillaforces
  27. 27. NOT EVERY THING ABOUT COLOMBIA ISNEGATIVE! “We already knew Colombians were people with a lot of flavor,delicious dishes and high-spirited, so for many it won’t come as asurprise that being happy and hopeful would also be one of theirgreatest characteristics.” - Huffington Post Colombia took first place on the “Global Barometer of Hope andHappiness” Study of 54 countries, 55,718 men and women responded to thequestion “As far as you are concerned, do you personally feel happy,unhappy, or neither happy nor unhappy about your life?” Twice as happy as the global average Colombian, whether in poverty or rich, find ways to remain happy,optimistic, and enjoy their everyday lives Here is 21 reasons why Colombia is the happiest country in theworld
  28. 28. TO CONLUDE Although the negative image exists and willbe extremely tough to get rid of that negativestigma, Colombia continues to move forward,no matter what the past may dictate. Not onlydid I chose to do this topic because I amColombian, but to also raise awareness ofwhat kind of country Colombia is. Colombiais moving forward economically, politically,and most important socially.
  30. 30. WORKS CITED CIA World Fact Book. "Central Intelligence Agency." CIA. CentralIntelligence Agency, n.d. Web. 30 Apr. 2013. The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia. "Colombia." Infoplease.Infoplease, 2012. Web. 28 Apr. 2013. OECD. "Newsroom - Organisation for Economic Co-operationand Development." Newsroom - Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. OECD, 31 Jan. 2013. Web. 01 May2013. Ramos, Zuania. "Colombia Was Happiest Country In The WorldBy The End Of 2012, Survey Finds." The Huffington, 07 Jan. 2013. Web. 02 May 2013. "Colombia Official Travel Guide." Colombia Travel: Official Guide.N.p., n.d. Web. 02 May 2013. W, T. "Why Is Less Cocaine Coming From Colombia?" TheEconomist. The Economist Newspaper, 2 Apr. 2013. Web. 01May 2013.