CONTENT:What is CYBERCRIME?Forms of CybercrimePerpetrators of CybercrimeImplications of CybercrimeConclusion
WHAT IS CYBERCRIME?Cybercrime is defined as: computer-mediated activities which are eitherillegal or considered illicit by certain parties and whichcan be conducted through global electronic networks’
FORMS OF CYBERCRIMEPiracy – copying protected software withoutauthorisation
FORMS OF CYBERCRIMECracking – accessing computer systems withoutauthority to commit a crime.
FORMS OF CYBERCRIMEPhreaking – manipulating a phone system usinga computer or other device to obtain free telephonecalls or charge calls to another account
FORMS OF CYBERCRIMECyber stalking – using a computer to harass andterrorise selected human and institutional targets,causing them to fear injury or harm
FORMS OF CYBERCRIMECyber terrorism – unlawful attacks and threatsof attack by terrorists against computers, networks,and the information stored therein to intimidate orcoerce a government or its people to further theperpetrator’s political or social objectives
FORMS OF CYBERCRIMECyber pornography – producing and/ordistributing pornography using a computer
P E R P E T R AT O R S O F C Y B E RC R I M EHacker unions or crews (domestic and foreign)Organised crimeForeign Intelligence ServicesBotnet operatorsRandom people
I M P L I C AT I O N S O F C Y B E RC R I M EIn 2008, security vendor AVG conducted a surveyinto global cybercrime and found that Australia hasthe highest incidence of cyber crime in the worldwith more than 39 per cent of Australian’s havingbeen the victim of cyber crime
I M P L I C AT I O N S O F C Y B E RC R I M EA recent report by the Australian Institute ofCriminology found that cybercrime is costingAustralian businesses more than $600 millionannually
CONCLUSION Cyber crime refers to illegal activities that take place online,including fraud, spam, identity theft, computer viruses andworms, cyber stalking, drug trafficking, sexual predators,malware or spyware, phishing schemes and the like. Mostpeople become victims of these at one time or another.