SlideShare a Scribd company logo

Polar Philately: Postal Service in the World's Coldest Places

An introduction to Polar Philately presented at the Houston Philatelic Society meeting on March, 7, 2016. This presentation gives an overview of collecting the stamps of the North and South Poles (Antarctic and Arctic)

1 of 72
Download to read offline
Postal Service in the World's Coldest
Places
Polar Philately
– Polar philatelists share an interest in stamps, covers
and postal history of the polar regions of the earth,
the North and South Poles.
– Often collectors mix collecting with historical research
– The American Topical Association has a polar stamp
study unit
What is Polar Philately?
Catalogs and Tools
› The Arch of Kerguelen: Voyage to the Islands of Desolation
- (Greater reference on FSAT)
› The Endurance: Shackleton’s Legendary Antarctic
Expedition
› Shackleton’s Forgotten Men: The Untold Tragedy of the
Endurance Epic
› Alone – (Admiral Byrd’s personal recounting of being
stranded for four months alone at an advance base near
the South Pole)
Other Books
› American Society of Polar Philatelists
– APS Affiliate #31
– Ice Cap News
– Membership application
› Polar Postal History Society of Great Britain
› The Antarctic Sun – online newspaper of the U.S. Antarctic
program
› Australian Society for Polar Philately
Polar Philatelic Societies and References
The region north of
the isotherm line –
This is the region
where the average
temperature in July
does not exceed 50° F.
-or-
North of 60°
ARCTIC REGION
› Greenland
› Iceland
› Parts of U.S., Canada, and
Russia
› Norway – Svalbard
› Drifting Ice Stations
› Ships

Recommended

More Related Content

Similar to Polar Philately: Postal Service in the World's Coldest Places

Trave & Tours - Atartica
Trave & Tours - Atartica Trave & Tours - Atartica
Trave & Tours - Atartica charlottemarano
 
Antarctica Ice Essay
Antarctica Ice EssayAntarctica Ice Essay
Antarctica Ice EssayPam Fenno
 
The War Of The Colonial Expansion
The War Of The Colonial ExpansionThe War Of The Colonial Expansion
The War Of The Colonial ExpansionLisa Diaz
 
Core Sample And Arctic Environment
Core Sample And Arctic EnvironmentCore Sample And Arctic Environment
Core Sample And Arctic EnvironmentChristine White
 
Plate Tectonics & Geology of the Galapagos Archipelago
Plate Tectonics & Geology of the Galapagos ArchipelagoPlate Tectonics & Geology of the Galapagos Archipelago
Plate Tectonics & Geology of the Galapagos ArchipelagoMary Jo Nehasil
 
The History Of Antarctica
The History Of AntarcticaThe History Of Antarctica
The History Of AntarcticaMichele Thomas
 
Discoveries of the world presentation
Discoveries of the world   presentationDiscoveries of the world   presentation
Discoveries of the world presentationMerle Teever
 
Antarctica unit 1
Antarctica   unit 1Antarctica   unit 1
Antarctica unit 1janenz55
 
Ernest shackleton
Ernest shackletonErnest shackleton
Ernest shackletonroom22bds
 
Endurance
EnduranceEndurance
Endurancehosss
 
Explorers Notebook
Explorers NotebookExplorers Notebook
Explorers NotebookFWD Action
 
Rhetorical Analysis Matthew Henson
Rhetorical Analysis Matthew HensonRhetorical Analysis Matthew Henson
Rhetorical Analysis Matthew HensonAnita Strong
 
Darwin and origin of species
Darwin and origin of speciesDarwin and origin of species
Darwin and origin of speciesSathish Kumar
 

Similar to Polar Philately: Postal Service in the World's Coldest Places (20)

Trave & Tours - Atartica
Trave & Tours - Atartica Trave & Tours - Atartica
Trave & Tours - Atartica
 
South pole
South poleSouth pole
South pole
 
Antarctica Ice Essay
Antarctica Ice EssayAntarctica Ice Essay
Antarctica Ice Essay
 
The War Of The Colonial Expansion
The War Of The Colonial ExpansionThe War Of The Colonial Expansion
The War Of The Colonial Expansion
 
Core Sample And Arctic Environment
Core Sample And Arctic EnvironmentCore Sample And Arctic Environment
Core Sample And Arctic Environment
 
Plate Tectonics & Geology of the Galapagos Archipelago
Plate Tectonics & Geology of the Galapagos ArchipelagoPlate Tectonics & Geology of the Galapagos Archipelago
Plate Tectonics & Geology of the Galapagos Archipelago
 
Robert falcon scott
Robert falcon scottRobert falcon scott
Robert falcon scott
 
Australia
AustraliaAustralia
Australia
 
Australia
AustraliaAustralia
Australia
 
Australia
AustraliaAustralia
Australia
 
The History Of Antarctica
The History Of AntarcticaThe History Of Antarctica
The History Of Antarctica
 
Discoveries of the world presentation
Discoveries of the world   presentationDiscoveries of the world   presentation
Discoveries of the world presentation
 
Antarctica unit 1
Antarctica   unit 1Antarctica   unit 1
Antarctica unit 1
 
Roald amundsen
Roald amundsenRoald amundsen
Roald amundsen
 
Ernest shackleton
Ernest shackletonErnest shackleton
Ernest shackleton
 
Endurance
EnduranceEndurance
Endurance
 
Explorers Notebook
Explorers NotebookExplorers Notebook
Explorers Notebook
 
Rhetorical Analysis Matthew Henson
Rhetorical Analysis Matthew HensonRhetorical Analysis Matthew Henson
Rhetorical Analysis Matthew Henson
 
Blake's Powerpoint
Blake's PowerpointBlake's Powerpoint
Blake's Powerpoint
 
Darwin and origin of species
Darwin and origin of speciesDarwin and origin of species
Darwin and origin of species
 

Recently uploaded

The Music Industry by Wesley Conner (V1N0)
The Music Industry by Wesley Conner (V1N0)The Music Industry by Wesley Conner (V1N0)
The Music Industry by Wesley Conner (V1N0)tarantinovinoofficia
 
Easter Egg Convergence Research Powerpoint
Easter Egg Convergence Research PowerpointEaster Egg Convergence Research Powerpoint
Easter Egg Convergence Research Powerpoint17mdav134
 
Conventions of a Sci-fi Horror Pilot Research
Conventions of a Sci-fi Horror Pilot ResearchConventions of a Sci-fi Horror Pilot Research
Conventions of a Sci-fi Horror Pilot Research17mdav134
 
StoriesByNomads_Micro Funding Pitch Deck.pptx
StoriesByNomads_Micro Funding Pitch Deck.pptxStoriesByNomads_Micro Funding Pitch Deck.pptx
StoriesByNomads_Micro Funding Pitch Deck.pptxmybookingstory
 
K-Os General Quiz from December'2023 - 36 questions
K-Os General Quiz from December'2023 - 36 questionsK-Os General Quiz from December'2023 - 36 questions
K-Os General Quiz from December'2023 - 36 questionsReet Akshat
 
Unlocking the Thrill: The World of Escape Rooms
Unlocking the Thrill: The World of Escape RoomsUnlocking the Thrill: The World of Escape Rooms
Unlocking the Thrill: The World of Escape RoomsJoycea Morton
 
Ann Li Life, Career, Achievement, Lifestyle, Biography.pptx
Ann Li Life, Career, Achievement, Lifestyle, Biography.pptxAnn Li Life, Career, Achievement, Lifestyle, Biography.pptx
Ann Li Life, Career, Achievement, Lifestyle, Biography.pptxCoronaVirus66
 
WEEK 3 ISSUES MORAL SOCIAL AND ECONOMICAL ISSUES IN THE PHILIPPINES
WEEK 3 ISSUES MORAL SOCIAL AND ECONOMICAL ISSUES IN THE PHILIPPINESWEEK 3 ISSUES MORAL SOCIAL AND ECONOMICAL ISSUES IN THE PHILIPPINES
WEEK 3 ISSUES MORAL SOCIAL AND ECONOMICAL ISSUES IN THE PHILIPPINESMariaeGladysAfrica
 
The Walking Dead Content and Conventions
The Walking Dead Content and ConventionsThe Walking Dead Content and Conventions
The Walking Dead Content and Conventions17mdav134
 
Kevin Dixon Personal Brand Exploration.pdf
Kevin Dixon Personal Brand Exploration.pdfKevin Dixon Personal Brand Exploration.pdf
Kevin Dixon Personal Brand Exploration.pdfKevin Dixon
 
Kingdom Hearts: A series summary and "quick" guide
Kingdom Hearts: A series summary and "quick" guideKingdom Hearts: A series summary and "quick" guide
Kingdom Hearts: A series summary and "quick" guidejiminyjournal0
 
Music Video Prospectus: Don't Think — D.U.Ivan
Music Video Prospectus: Don't Think — D.U.IvanMusic Video Prospectus: Don't Think — D.U.Ivan
Music Video Prospectus: Don't Think — D.U.IvanRoseZubler1
 
Dont_Think_Prospectus_FINAL_Project_.pptx
Dont_Think_Prospectus_FINAL_Project_.pptxDont_Think_Prospectus_FINAL_Project_.pptx
Dont_Think_Prospectus_FINAL_Project_.pptxHayleyDerby
 
American Horror Story Episode Analysis -
American Horror Story  Episode Analysis -American Horror Story  Episode Analysis -
American Horror Story Episode Analysis -17mdav134
 

Recently uploaded (17)

The Music Industry by Wesley Conner (V1N0)
The Music Industry by Wesley Conner (V1N0)The Music Industry by Wesley Conner (V1N0)
The Music Industry by Wesley Conner (V1N0)
 
Easter Egg Convergence Research Powerpoint
Easter Egg Convergence Research PowerpointEaster Egg Convergence Research Powerpoint
Easter Egg Convergence Research Powerpoint
 
Conventions of a Sci-fi Horror Pilot Research
Conventions of a Sci-fi Horror Pilot ResearchConventions of a Sci-fi Horror Pilot Research
Conventions of a Sci-fi Horror Pilot Research
 
"Schindler’s List" : an oral history with the actors
"Schindler’s List" : an oral history with the actors"Schindler’s List" : an oral history with the actors
"Schindler’s List" : an oral history with the actors
 
StoriesByNomads_Micro Funding Pitch Deck.pptx
StoriesByNomads_Micro Funding Pitch Deck.pptxStoriesByNomads_Micro Funding Pitch Deck.pptx
StoriesByNomads_Micro Funding Pitch Deck.pptx
 
K-Os General Quiz from December'2023 - 36 questions
K-Os General Quiz from December'2023 - 36 questionsK-Os General Quiz from December'2023 - 36 questions
K-Os General Quiz from December'2023 - 36 questions
 
Unlocking the Thrill: The World of Escape Rooms
Unlocking the Thrill: The World of Escape RoomsUnlocking the Thrill: The World of Escape Rooms
Unlocking the Thrill: The World of Escape Rooms
 
Ann Li Life, Career, Achievement, Lifestyle, Biography.pptx
Ann Li Life, Career, Achievement, Lifestyle, Biography.pptxAnn Li Life, Career, Achievement, Lifestyle, Biography.pptx
Ann Li Life, Career, Achievement, Lifestyle, Biography.pptx
 
WEEK 3 ISSUES MORAL SOCIAL AND ECONOMICAL ISSUES IN THE PHILIPPINES
WEEK 3 ISSUES MORAL SOCIAL AND ECONOMICAL ISSUES IN THE PHILIPPINESWEEK 3 ISSUES MORAL SOCIAL AND ECONOMICAL ISSUES IN THE PHILIPPINES
WEEK 3 ISSUES MORAL SOCIAL AND ECONOMICAL ISSUES IN THE PHILIPPINES
 
The Walking Dead Content and Conventions
The Walking Dead Content and ConventionsThe Walking Dead Content and Conventions
The Walking Dead Content and Conventions
 
Kevin Dixon Personal Brand Exploration.pdf
Kevin Dixon Personal Brand Exploration.pdfKevin Dixon Personal Brand Exploration.pdf
Kevin Dixon Personal Brand Exploration.pdf
 
Kingdom Hearts: A series summary and "quick" guide
Kingdom Hearts: A series summary and "quick" guideKingdom Hearts: A series summary and "quick" guide
Kingdom Hearts: A series summary and "quick" guide
 
Music Video Prospectus: Don't Think — D.U.Ivan
Music Video Prospectus: Don't Think — D.U.IvanMusic Video Prospectus: Don't Think — D.U.Ivan
Music Video Prospectus: Don't Think — D.U.Ivan
 
Dont_Think_Prospectus_FINAL_Project_.pptx
Dont_Think_Prospectus_FINAL_Project_.pptxDont_Think_Prospectus_FINAL_Project_.pptx
Dont_Think_Prospectus_FINAL_Project_.pptx
 
6 People You See at Every Coffee Shop-Comics
6 People You See at Every Coffee Shop-Comics6 People You See at Every Coffee Shop-Comics
6 People You See at Every Coffee Shop-Comics
 
American Horror Story Episode Analysis -
American Horror Story  Episode Analysis -American Horror Story  Episode Analysis -
American Horror Story Episode Analysis -
 
An interview with the director of "Zone of Interest"
An interview with the director of "Zone of Interest"An interview with the director of "Zone of Interest"
An interview with the director of "Zone of Interest"
 

Polar Philately: Postal Service in the World's Coldest Places

Editor's Notes

  1. List of Russian drifting ice stations:  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Drifting_ice_station 
  2. While many of these countries have not issued stamps specifically for use in their Antarctic territory, there have been many issues recognizing polar research, famous polar explorers, and significant events.
  3. Stamp issuing entities such as South Georgia and the Falkland Islands are not technically part of the Antarctica continent, but because of the significant role they have played in the history of exploration of the South Pole region, they are generally included in polar collections.
  4. Some consider this to be the first polar stamps. Julio Popper, a gold mine operator, commissioned this stamp to pay the cost of local mail delivery to mining camps on the island at the extreme southern tip of South America.
  5. Explorers such as Captain James Cook, Admiral Richard E. Byrd, Jules Dumont d'Urville, Robert Perry, Douglas Mawson, Ernst Shackleton and many more led expeditions of exploration and discovery into these remote and forbidding lands. Their faces and names are found on polar bases and on stamps from many countries. Most of these explorers appear on enough stamps to make up substantial topical collections in their own right.
  6. In 1895, the Sixth International Geographic Congress made a declaration urging the exploration of Antarctica. Expeditions to the Arctic were also discussed. This kicked off what has become known as the Heroic Age of exploration and over the next three decades, 22 expeditions to Antarctica were undertaken by men such as Ernst Shackleton, Douglas Mawson, Adrienne de Gerlache, Robert Falcon Scott, Roald Amundsen and others.
  7. The first stamps issued specifically for use in Antarctica where issued by New Zealand in 1908 and when Scott #108a was overprinted with “King Edward VII Land”, Scott 121a, and taken by Ernst Shackleton on his expedition to Antarctica. Due to weather, Shackleton never landed on King Edward VII Land. Later issues bore the Victoria Land overprint (130d-131d).
  8. An example of a famous issue for the North Pole region are the covers dropped from the Graf Zeppelin over Franz Josephs Land, close to the North Pole. The covers were flown from Berlin to a Russian post office on the island about 500 miles from the North Pole and returned via dog sled and ice breaker to be delivered to their final destination by regular mail. These covers are franked with Scott #C42, which includes the “Polar-Fahrt 1931” (Polar trip 1931) overprint on the 1928 Graf Zeppelin air post issue.
  9. It’s difficult to distinguish philatelic covers from “commercial”, but most covers from the FSAT are created for collectors. I’d like to think the cover above was actual correspondence. It is franked with FSAT 22, 27, 28 (key issue), and C13
  10. Mail from Polar bases frequently includes multiple catchets and the signatures of base personnel.
  11. Falkland Island Dependency stamps
  12. The Port Lockroy Post Office is operated by the United Kingdom Antarctic Trust and see some 18,000 visitors a year during the 5-month Antarctic cruise season. The post office doubles as a museum and was originally built by the British during World War II. A staff of four process close to 70,000 pieces of mail each year.
  13. Only British Antarctic Territory Stamps can be used on the mail posted from this post office. There’s a reminder affixed on the royal mailbox.
  14. Shackleton Memorial – Placed on the island in memory of the famous explorer who traveled more than 800 miles in a life boat and then scaled the mountains at South Georgia to bring rescuers to his crew trapped in Antarctica.
  15. Since Australia began issuing stamps for its territories in Antarctica, there has typically only been one issue per year. All of the basic issues can be obtained for reasonable prices, making completion of this area an obtainable goal.
  16. On the left is the 2009 issue for the International Polar Year. To the right is 1987 gutter overprint of number L75 for the Sydney Stamp & Coin Show. The overprint includes the names of each of the four AAT bases where post offices are in operation.
  17. Covers like these were issued to publicize and fund Byrd’s third Antarctic expedition where he planned to use the gigantic snow cruiser to easily reach the South Pole.
  18. Operation High Jump which took place from August 1946-February 1947 was officially a mission to establish the Little America Base in the Antarctic. The operation included 13 ships, 4700 men, and multiple aircraft. Conspiracy theories about the real purpose of the operation abound. They include hunting Nazis who had developed flying saucers and outright alien contact. This cover was canceled onboard the flagship the USS Mount Olympus
  19. Mail out of Antarctica is much more common than mail to Antarctica. This cover addressed to Scott Smith was sent from the Falkland Islands to South Pole Station, but used the wrong zip code. It eventually made its way to Smith.
  20. No discussion of Antarctica would be complete without mention of Argentina. This South American country borders on the southern continent and has been issuing stamps regarding it’s territorial claims for years. They also have six post offices operating year round in Antarctica, more than any other country. This cover carried by the Hesperides supply ship includes cancelations from all of Argentina’s research stations.
  21. Back side of Hesperides cover
  22. Chile also has strong ties to Antarctica and supports five year round post offices on the continent. While the picture on the post card looks like it might be a scene of the naval base, it is actually a view from Valparaiso, Chile, which is very north of Antarctica.
  23. A registered cover from Brú to Reykjavik via Hólmavík, population 337 (town cancel on reverse of cover). The Wikipedia only has a stub record on Brú. It reads: "Brú is a farmstead and road junction in northwestern Iceland in Vestur-Húnavatnssýsla county. It is located in the Northwest Political constituency. It has a filling station and a guesthouse. It is located at the southern tip of Hrútafjörður where the river Hrútafjarðará has its estuary with the Arctic Ocean."
  24. Female Antarctic Scientific Sport Expedition “Blizzard” Many covers related to both the north and south poles have been produced by Russia. It may be difficult to translate the text, but with some work you can learn a bit about the history of exploration and science in the poles. Another interesting area of collecting is Arctic floating ice stations, and many Russian polar covers feature cancellations from these temporary bases.
  25. This covers commemorate the 75th anniversary of scientific field research in the Berents Sea and are canceled in Murmansk, the largest city in the world located north of the Arctic circle.