Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.
Prepared by: Saqib Fikree
BA(H) Political Science,2nd year
University of Delhi
 Located in central Asia
 Kabul is the capital of
Afghanistan.
 Its territory covers 652,000 km2
 Population:35 millio...
WOMEN AND HISTORY
afghan women before 1980s
 During 1980s afghan women lived
equally to the women of Europe.
 First secondary female schoo...
Life during Taliban(1996-2001)
 Girls were banned from
schools.
 Banned from working
 Banned from leaving the
house wit...
Women after Taliban
 Hamid karzai became
the president of
Afghanistan in 2001.
 New constitution passed
 Schools opened...
Marriage
 Marriage is arranged by
parents.
 The amount of bridge price
is fixed in the laws of
Afghanistan.
 After the ...
continues
 Polygamous marriage
 Afghanistan law permits a man
to have four
wives.
 Divorce
 Afghanistan constitution
p...
Women in politics
 In parliamen:68/249
seats 28%
 Reservation of
minimum two seats were
given to women in every
province...
continues
 The newly appointed
female ministers include:
 Minister of women’s affairs
Dilbar Nazari
 Minister of counte...
Women In economic sector.
 30% of agricultural
activities are performed
by women
 Almost 20% of afghan
women taking part...
Education

 The Afghan Ministry of Education
estimates that there are presently
8.4 million students (40 percent
of whic...
Constitution
 Women and men are equal
 Article 22 prohibits discriminations
among the citizens of Afghanistan,
and decla...
Challenges for afghan women
 70% women are
illiterate.
 1 out of 10 children die
before age 5.
 1.5 millions widows in
...
Afghanistan women(women situation in afghanisan
Afghanistan women(women situation in afghanisan
Afghanistan women(women situation in afghanisan
Afghanistan women(women situation in afghanisan
Afghanistan women(women situation in afghanisan
Afghanistan women(women situation in afghanisan
Afghanistan women(women situation in afghanisan
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Afghanistan women(women situation in afghanisan

315 views

Published on

its short PPT about women situation(political,social,economic) in Afghanistan.

Published in: Art & Photos
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Afghanistan women(women situation in afghanisan

  1. 1. Prepared by: Saqib Fikree BA(H) Political Science,2nd year University of Delhi
  2. 2.  Located in central Asia  Kabul is the capital of Afghanistan.  Its territory covers 652,000 km2  Population:35 million  Religion: 99% Muslims and 1% Sikhs  Official Languages: Pashto and Dari
  3. 3. WOMEN AND HISTORY
  4. 4. afghan women before 1980s  During 1980s afghan women lived equally to the women of Europe.  First secondary female school was established in Kabul.  Every type of freedom, educational facilities existed for them.  Co-education  The constitution gave women the right to vote, and allowed them to enter politics.  The Democratic Organization of Afghan Women (DOAW) was formed. DOAW worked against illiteracy, forced marriages and bride prices.
  5. 5. Life during Taliban(1996-2001)  Girls were banned from schools.  Banned from working  Banned from leaving the house without male relatives.  Banned from showing skin in public.  Banned from public speaking.  They forced women to wear the burqa.
  6. 6. Women after Taliban  Hamid karzai became the president of Afghanistan in 2001.  New constitution passed  Schools opened for girls  Women allowed to work  Child marriage became banned.  Women recognized politically.
  7. 7. Marriage  Marriage is arranged by parents.  The amount of bridge price is fixed in the laws of Afghanistan.  After the engagement the bridegroom is allowed to visit his fiancé in her father's house.  Premarital sexual relationships are prohibited.
  8. 8. continues  Polygamous marriage  Afghanistan law permits a man to have four wives.  Divorce  Afghanistan constitution permitted divorce.  Husband had to seek his wife’s consent.  Inheritance  Woman could inherit half of the property.  wife inherits one-four of property if there is no offspring.  If there is then one-eight.
  9. 9. Women in politics  In parliamen:68/249 seats 28%  Reservation of minimum two seats were given to women in every province of Afghanistan  Four women ministers
  10. 10. continues  The newly appointed female ministers include:  Minister of women’s affairs Dilbar Nazari  Minister of counter- narcotics Salamat Azimi  Minister of higher education Farida Momand  Minister of labor, social affairs, martyrs and the disabled, Nasrin Oryakhail.
  11. 11. Women In economic sector.  30% of agricultural activities are performed by women  Almost 20% of afghan women taking part in business, carpet industry, and private small business.
  12. 12. Education   The Afghan Ministry of Education estimates that there are presently 8.4 million students (40 percent of which are girls) in primary and secondary schools.  200,000 students attends college — but only 35% are women, and 65% men  33% of teachers in Afghanistan are comprised of women  Co-education is prohibited in schools, but in universities co education is familiar now
  13. 13. Constitution  Women and men are equal  Article 22 prohibits discriminations among the citizens of Afghanistan, and declaring that both men and women are equal and have equal rights and duties before the law.  It explicitly prohibits discrimination and recognizes equal rights for men and women.  the Constitution reserves number of seats for women in Afghanistan’s bicameral National Assembly  Women permitted to work outside the home, to engage in political activities.
  14. 14. Challenges for afghan women  70% women are illiterate.  1 out of 10 children die before age 5.  1.5 millions widows in Afghanistan.  Still they are not politically dependent.  There is a lack of decent health care for women  Child marriages.

×