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WOMEN RIGHTS IN
PAKISTAN
Prevention & Protection
Going Home:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0EDJxs1yJrQ
CONSTITUTIONAL
PROTECTIONS
• CONSTITUTION (1973): http://www.parliament.am/library/sahmanadrutyunner/pakistan.pdf
• Articl...
PAKISTAN PENAL CODE, 1860
• 2010 Amendment: http://www.ncsw.gov.pk/prod_images/
Section-509-amendments.pdf
• CHAPTER XX-A ...
DOMESTIC VIOLENCE (PREVENTION
& PROTECTION BILL, 2013+
• Introduced by Senator Nilofar Bakhtiar
• Passed unanimously by Up...
Women’s Protection Bill
• Passed November 15, 2006
• Amends highly-criticized Hudood Ordinance (governing rape & adult)
• ...
NATIONAL COMMISSION ON THE
STATUS OF WOMEN-PAKISTAN
• Statutory Body, est. July 2000
• Purpose: Examine policies, programs...
CRIMES AGAINST WOMEN
• MURDER
• TARGET KILLING
• DOMESTIC VIOLENCE
• Mutilations
• Abductions
• Acid Attacks
• KARO-KARI
•...
Afraid and Alone: Violence Against Women in Pakistan
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tclrkxI8rO4
SOURCES:
• CEDAW: Domestic Violence Act passed by Sindh Assembly in Pakistn. http://
cedawsouthasia.org/2423/domestic-viol...
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Women Rights in Pakistan-Presentation

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Women Rights in Pakistan-Presentation

  1. 1. WOMEN RIGHTS IN PAKISTAN Prevention & Protection Going Home: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0EDJxs1yJrQ
  2. 2. CONSTITUTIONAL PROTECTIONS • CONSTITUTION (1973): http://www.parliament.am/library/sahmanadrutyunner/pakistan.pdf • Article 9: Security of person - No person shall be deprived of live or liberty saves in accordance with law. • Article 25: Equality of Citizens • (1) All citizens are equal before law and are entitled to equal protection of law. • (2) There shall be no discrimination on the basis of sex • (3) Nothing in this Article shall prevent the State from making any special provision for the protection of women and children • Article 34: Full Participation of Women in National Life - Steps shall be taken to ensure the participation of women in all spheres of national life
  3. 3. PAKISTAN PENAL CODE, 1860 • 2010 Amendment: http://www.ncsw.gov.pk/prod_images/ Section-509-amendments.pdf • CHAPTER XX-A : Of Offences [sic] Against Women • 498A: Prohibition of depriving women from inheriting property • 498B: Prohibition of forced marriage • 498C: Prohibition of marriage with the Holy Quran
  4. 4. DOMESTIC VIOLENCE (PREVENTION & PROTECTION BILL, 2013+ • Introduced by Senator Nilofar Bakhtiar • Passed unanimously by Upper House of Federal Parliament • Success after 5 year collaborate struggle by Aurat Foundation, activists, jurists, lawyers, and women legislators • Defines Domestic Violence • Punishments: • Beating of women or children: minimum six months imprisonment + a fine of at least Rs.100,000 ($1,100) • +http://cedawsouthasia.org/2423/domestic-violence-act-passed-by-sindh-assembly-in- pakistan
  5. 5. Women’s Protection Bill • Passed November 15, 2006 • Amends highly-criticized Hudood Ordinance (governing rape & adult) • Entails: • Rape now included in Pakistan Penal Code • Criminal Law not Sharia Law • Requires formal accusation in court - not just suspicion of Police • Change: Rape tried in criminal court with burden of forensic & circumstantial evidence • Controversy: Violation of Articles 2a and 227 of Constitution: “Islam will be the state religion” and “No laws will be passed which are repugnant to the Quran and sunnah.”
  6. 6. NATIONAL COMMISSION ON THE STATUS OF WOMEN-PAKISTAN • Statutory Body, est. July 2000 • Purpose: Examine policies, programs and other measures taken by the Government for women’s development and gender equality; Review laws, rules and regulations affecting the status of women; Monitor mechanisms and institutional procedures for redress of violations of women’s rights and individual grievances; Encourage and sponsor research to generate information, analysis and studies relating to women and gender issues; Develop and maintain interaction and dialogue with NGOs, experts and individuals in society at the national, regional and international level; and other function assigned to it by the Federal Government • Laws Related to Activities/Efforts of NCSW: • Law Committee of NCSW • http://www.ncsw.gov.pkLawReviewCommittee.php • NCWS’s Petition Against Jirga Holdings • Jirga: a grand council or grand assembly used to resolve political conflicts or other national problems • Women Specific Laws: • http://www.ncsw.gov.pk/Pro-Women-Laws.php
  7. 7. CRIMES AGAINST WOMEN • MURDER • TARGET KILLING • DOMESTIC VIOLENCE • Mutilations • Abductions • Acid Attacks • KARO-KARI • Honour Killings • ABDUCTIONS http://www.pakistaniwomen.org
  8. 8. Afraid and Alone: Violence Against Women in Pakistan https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tclrkxI8rO4
  9. 9. SOURCES: • CEDAW: Domestic Violence Act passed by Sindh Assembly in Pakistn. http:// cedawsouthasia.org/2423/domestic-violence-act-passed-by-sindh-assembly-in-pakistan • Gender Concerns International. Pakistan’s Senate Passed a Bill that Makes Violence Against Women an Offence. http://www.genderconcerns.org/article.php? id_nr=3112&id=Pakistan's%20Senate%20Passed%20a%20Bill%20that%20Makes %20Violence%20Against%20Women%20an%20Offence • Pakistan Penal Code (Act XLV of 1860): http://www.pakistani.org/pakistan/legislation/1860/ actXLVof1860.html • Pakistani Women’s Human Rights Organization: http://www.pakistaniwomen.org/index.html • The Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan. http://www.parliament.am/library/ sahmanadrutyunner/pakistan.pdf
  10. 10. Questions??

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