A Presentation on Women Rights By Meera Chavda Roll – 33 Sy. ITM C. P. Patel Commerce College
Freedom of Speech Freedom from Fear Freedom to Vote Freedom from TortureFreedom of Choice Freedom from enslavement Freedom of Religion
- All humans are born free and equal in dignity and rights- Men and women of full age, without any limitation due to race, nationality or religion, have the right to marryand to found a family. They are entitled to equal rights as to marriage, during marriage and at its dissolution.Marriage shall be entered into only with the free and full consent of the intending spouses.- Everyone has the right to own property alone as well as in association with others.- Everyone has the right to work, to free choice of employment, to just and favourable conditions ofwork and to protection against unemployment.- Everyone, without any discrimination, has the right to equal pay for equal work.- Everyone who works has the right to just and favourable remuneration ensuring for himself and his family anexistence worthy of human dignity, and supplemented, if necessary, by other means of social protection.- Everyone has the right to education. Education shall be free; at least in theelementary and fundamental stages Elementary education shall be compulsory.Technical and professional education shall be made generally available and highereducation shall be equally accessible to all on the basis of merit.- Everyone has the right freely to participate in the cultural life of thecommunity, to enjoy the arts and to share in scientific advancement and itsbenefits.
- Abuse violence and discriminationagainst women are widely tolerated andsystematic.- The issues with women’s rights arestill being ignored and remain as a‘social epidemic’.- Many governments turn a blind eyetowards the increasing problems withthe discrimination and violence againstwomen- Abused victims of rape, unfairtreatments in the workplace,domestic violence etc., have gotno one to turn to
- Women are attacked in areas of armed conflict e.g.DR Congo and Rwanda. Many are infected withHIV/AIDS as a result- In Pakistan, men are beating women at alarmingrates – yet government officials refuse to interfereand punish batterers- In Thailand, Burma and Nigeria, women areconstantly being sold and trafficked intoprostitution where governments are not doingenough to protect the rights of women- In Ukraine and Mexico, women are often deniedemployment simply because they are women- In the US, students attack girls who arehomosexuals, bisexuals or transgender-In Jordan, Kuwait, Morocco and SaudiArabia, women are rendered as being unequalin front of the law.- Women are not allowed to study atuniversities and can be arrested for not wearingthe correct clothing in countries such as Iran.
Before During After*Women carried out *Taliban took over in the *Taliban was overthrown inbusinesses transactions 1990’s 2001* Education for women and *Restricted and violated *Over one million girls aretheir right to vote was women’s right on education, attending schoolintroduced to the constitution work and freedom ofin 1964 movement *Access to health care services *Strict dress code*Job positions held bywomen: *Imposed harsh penalties on *Afghan government and- 70% teachers women for breaking such NGO has set up programs to- 50% civil servants rules. E.g.: public lashings improve women’s status- 40% doctors and public participations. *Restricted access to health care services
*Girls’ drop-out rates of school is still high*Little or no progress at school*Increase of female teachers is essential, as families would not letdaughters to attend school with male teachers*Freedom of movement is still a restriction*Exchange of young women to repay debts still continues*Early marriage – 57% married before age of 16.*Widespread intimidation and general security threatens women’sright to vote freely
- The UN and its organizations, a main one being Women Watch, hastaken a special long term interest in Afghanistan to improve humanrights and bring peace to the country.- Its concern increased during 1996 when the Taliban took control of Kabul- Since then, the UN has established a Human Rights Commission in Afghanistan which has created acommittee to eliminate discrimination of woman and treat them as equals to men as well as establishingprinciples in the country reflecting the universal human rights.- It has been part of the adoption of resolution 1325, made by the Security Council, on women, peace andsecurity on 31st October 2000.- It has also focused on the issues of education, media and culture; health; human rights and theConstitution; and refugees and internally displaced women.
- They were also urged to recognize the role that womenshould have in the future Government of Afghanistan aswell as in the preparing the Loya Jirga (grand assembly). - The women arranged to have schools reopened for all children on 21 March 2002 and have resumed the positions of their old jobs The current priorities of the UN system include: - to stabilize the country and assist in the creation of a transitional government; - to create conditions that allow for the delivery of humanitarian assistance; - to develop a plan for the reconstruction and recovery of the country; - to support the return of refugees and internally displaced persons.