Companion PlantingWhy does Basil and lettuce     love Tomatoes?
Companion planting defined.• If two plants growing together leads to  benefits for one or both of them then they  can be c...
Plum underplanted with a  variety of companions
A mix of observation and experimentation•  Research confirms: that some plant combinations have  benefits unique to those ...
Useful web resources, there are many useful         guides to be found on the web such as,•   http://deepgreenpermaculture...
HCompanion planting charts       does it workCompanion planting charts should perhaps be seen more as guidelines from whic...
Source: www.plantsandgardeningtips.com
Using companion planting             charts• Vegetables or fruits    • X indicates that the  are listed across the     two...
Companion plants can have    many functions                              • Poppies, and                                Nas...
Companion plants can• Attract useful  pollinators
Some other functions are• To enhance the          • To Improve the  flavour of your           growing conditions for  prod...
What to chooseThere are many                •   Boragecombinations of plants you    •   Basilcan choose as companions     ...
Marigolds• The roots of Marigold  give off a substance  which drives away the  eel-worm.• The flowers attract  beneficial ...
CalendulaHas a similar actionto Marigolds, and isoften planted incombination withMarigolds.This plant also hasmany medicin...
Comfrey• Rich in N, P, Na so  great when used as a  compost conditioner.  Put some of the  leaves in when you  plant your ...
Borage• Companion plant for  tomatoes, squash,  strawberries• One of the best bee and  wasp attracting plants• Adds trace ...
Basil• Scatter it through  your gardens.• Deters- aphids,  whitefly, fruit flies,  mosquitoes.• Goes well with  tomatoes.•...
Lavender• Attracts Bees• But is also an insect  repellent.• Extensively used in  medicines and the  perfume industry• Adds...
Nasturtium• Deters insects  particularly  aphids.• Edible flowers  great for salads,  sweet cress  flavour• The leaves and...
Chives• Improves growth and  flavour of carrots and  tomatoes. A friend to  apples, carrots,  tomatoes, brassicas  (brocco...
Yarrow• this boosts vigour in other  plants and accumulates  phosphorous, calcium  and silica, which can  benefit homemade...
Dill Flowers• Provides a great food source for Beneficials and  is yummy in fish dishes and for combating the  effects of ...
Tansy• Is a good insect  repellent.• Note it can be  invasive and needs to  be managed.• Great compost  activator
Some plants that will repell        troublsome insects.•   Basil          •   Geranium•   Borage         •   Horseradish• ...
Further Repellent Plants•   Parsley        •   Sunflower•   Pennyroyal     •   Tansy•   Radish         •   Thyme•   Rosema...
What works?• There is no golden answer, it will come down to  the mix of plants that you enjoy.• So play with combinations...
Sources of Information• http://www.spiritualskyincense.com/companions-  guide.htm• http://www.ghorganics.com/page2.html• A...
Sources of Information• http://deepgreenpermaculture.com/compa  nion-planting/companion-planting-table/• http://gstuff.co....
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Companion planting

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Companion planting

  1. 1. Companion PlantingWhy does Basil and lettuce love Tomatoes?
  2. 2. Companion planting defined.• If two plants growing together leads to benefits for one or both of them then they can be called companions.• Companion planting is about introducing purposeful variety to your garden.• By combining vegetables, herbs, and flowers in a single garden you create a planting which is diverse, attractive and multifunctional.
  3. 3. Plum underplanted with a variety of companions
  4. 4. A mix of observation and experimentation• Research confirms: that some plant combinations have benefits unique to those specific combinations,but it isPersonal observation based on practical experience which demonstrates how to group certain plants for mutual benefit in specific settings.So get out there and give it a go.
  5. 5. Useful web resources, there are many useful guides to be found on the web such as,• http://deepgreenpermaculture.com/companion• http://gstuff.co.nz/shop/garden/index.php?main• http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_companion• htthttp
  6. 6. HCompanion planting charts does it workCompanion planting charts should perhaps be seen more as guidelines from which to start some experimenting to see which plant companions work best in your own soil and location
  7. 7. Source: www.plantsandgardeningtips.com
  8. 8. Using companion planting charts• Vegetables or fruits • X indicates that the are listed across the two plants grow well top of the page. together• Possible companions • N means they don’t are listed down the make good page companions.• A symbol can be • Remember they are a found where the 2 guide only ask other columns intersect gardeners from your area what works locally.
  9. 9. Companion plants can have many functions • Poppies, and NasturtiumsMostly companion planting is used as a pestcontrol strategy . Combinations of plants are planted betweenplanted where some plants repel pests, others trapthe pests and yet others confuse the pests so said to plants are theycant find where to dine on your vegetables. aphids; minimize • daisies such as • Different people have different ideas. asters attract flying insects, and most • The best way is to give it a go and are tough, easy to see what happens. grow plants.
  10. 10. Companion plants can• Attract useful pollinators
  11. 11. Some other functions are• To enhance the • To Improve the flavour of your growing conditions for produce plants where some• To Provide medicinal taller plants provide uses shelter or shade for• To Build your soil by crops which like grow underneath them and, fixing or mining nutrients • To Provide colour beauty and form to your garden.
  12. 12. What to chooseThere are many • Boragecombinations of plants you • Basilcan choose as companions • Lavenderfor the vegetable you are • Nasturtiumgoing to plant. • ChivesHere are just a few you maywant to consider. • Yarrow•Marigold • Dill•Calendula • Tansy•comfrey
  13. 13. Marigolds• The roots of Marigold give off a substance which drives away the eel-worm.• The flowers attract beneficial insects and butterflies
  14. 14. CalendulaHas a similar actionto Marigolds, and isoften planted incombination withMarigolds.This plant also hasmany medicinaluses
  15. 15. Comfrey• Rich in N, P, Na so great when used as a compost conditioner. Put some of the leaves in when you plant your potatoes to give them a good start.• Makes great liquid fertiliser- soak in water for a month then use.
  16. 16. Borage• Companion plant for tomatoes, squash, strawberries• One of the best bee and wasp attracting plants• Adds trace minerals to the soil and a good addition the compost pile. The leaves contain vitamin C and are rich in calcium, potassium and mineral salts
  17. 17. Basil• Scatter it through your gardens.• Deters- aphids, whitefly, fruit flies, mosquitoes.• Goes well with tomatoes.• A very aromatic plant
  18. 18. Lavender• Attracts Bees• But is also an insect repellent.• Extensively used in medicines and the perfume industry• Adds real scent and colour to your garden
  19. 19. Nasturtium• Deters insects particularly aphids.• Edible flowers great for salads, sweet cress flavour• The leaves and flowers have antibiotic properties
  20. 20. Chives• Improves growth and flavour of carrots and tomatoes. A friend to apples, carrots, tomatoes, brassicas (broccoli, cabbage, mustard, etc) and many others. Helps to keep aphids away from tomatoes, and sunflowers.
  21. 21. Yarrow• this boosts vigour in other plants and accumulates phosphorous, calcium and silica, which can benefit homemade compost when plants are added to the heap. It attracts many beneficial creatures to your garden such as hoverflies and ladybirds
  22. 22. Dill Flowers• Provides a great food source for Beneficials and is yummy in fish dishes and for combating the effects of windy colic .
  23. 23. Tansy• Is a good insect repellent.• Note it can be invasive and needs to be managed.• Great compost activator
  24. 24. Some plants that will repell troublsome insects.• Basil • Geranium• Borage • Horseradish• Calendula • Hyssop• Catnip • Lavender• Coriander • Marigold• Dandelion • Mint• Fennel• • Nasturtium Flax• Garlic • Oregano
  25. 25. Further Repellent Plants• Parsley • Sunflower• Pennyroyal • Tansy• Radish • Thyme• Rosemary • Wormwood• Rue• Sage
  26. 26. What works?• There is no golden answer, it will come down to the mix of plants that you enjoy.• So play with combinations that you like.• Monitor and note what works in your dairies.• The key is to not put just one plant in and expect it to work.• Concentrate on creating communities of plants.
  27. 27. Sources of Information• http://www.spiritualskyincense.com/companions- guide.htm• http://www.ghorganics.com/page2.html• All slides are courtesy of Mike Beedie
  28. 28. Sources of Information• http://deepgreenpermaculture.com/compa nion-planting/companion-planting-table/• http://gstuff.co.nz/shop/garden/index.php? main_page=page_4• http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_compa nion_plants• https://attra.ncat.org/attra- pub/viewhtml.php?id=72

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