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  1. 1. Prison Industrial Complex  Definition/Facts  Why literacy plays a role in the Prison Industrial Complex  Life after prison
  2. 2.  Prison Industrial Complex: “A set of bureaucratic,     political, and economic interests that encourage increased spending on imprisonment, regardless of the actual need…”(Kleinfeld 87). The prison population in the U.S has tripled since 1980 70% of the prison inmates in the U.S are illiterate 46.5% of prison inmates do not have a high school diploma Recidivism: habitual relapse into crime; It refers to a person's relapse into criminal behavior, often after receiving sanctions or undergoing intervention for a previous crime.
  3. 3. Literacy & PIC O 70% of prisoners are illiterate in terms of reading and writing ability O When prisons provide educational opportunities for inmates, recidivism rates decrease O Literacy skills are also important in prison in order to fill out request forms, write letters, and obtain certain prison jobs O Prisoners with low literacy skills face even more obstacles to obtain legal services
  4. 4. • Prisoner’s lack of literacy skills and legal training contribute to the large number of suits and requests that are dismissed by the court because they are not well written • Many prisoners cannot represent themselves effectively due to their lack of literacy skills • Increasing access to legal information and education programs will help reduce the amount of frivolous claims • Only 9% of prisoners with low literacy skills are exposed to literacy programs while in prison
  5. 5. Life after Prison O Inmates with low literacy skills find it extremely challenging to find and retain employment as well as manage daily tasks O Without training and education, even the prisoners that are trying are most likely not to succeed after being released O Inability to adjust to life beyond the correctional institution leads to recidivism
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