Agricultural Renaissance and the Pursuit of Inclusive Development in 21st Century India Ajit Kumar Sinha Memorial Lecture to the 94th Annual Conference of the Indian Economics AssociationDr. Prabhu Pingali, Deputy Director& Mumukshu Patel, Program OfficerAgricultural Development December 28, 2011 *The views expressed here are personal and do not reflect the official position of the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation.
Key trends relevant to agricultural development in lagging regions Description Implications for lagging regions’ agriculture Small and • Operational land holdings in East Asia are small • Greater number of rural people relying on fragmented and fragmented (Avg. size in Bihar is 0.75 ha) agricultural income from smaller plots of land holdings • High incidences of landlessness (~32% of landless live in our eastern lagging regions) • Lagging regions adopted little of Green • Farmers cannot access useful information Revolution’s technology advances about new technologies or markets Water Scarcity • They are behind the rest of India in crop • Farmers continue unsustainable and low- productivity due to limited usage inputs yield farming practices • A significant amount of cultivated land in East • Farmers are exposed to farm losses and Climate-change India is vulnerable to flooding and droughts income fluctuations • Food supply is often at risk • Extension services offered at the central and • Farmers are not utilizing new technologies to Weak extension state government levels are ineffective at improve crop yield services delivery informing and training farmers • Outputs from research and development are • Existing technologies are not delivered to not being adopted farmers • R&D in agriculture has declined since the Green • Farmers are unable to utilize new innovative Infrastructure Revolution technologies to improve their crop yields • SAUs do not have enough fundingSource: “Food Processing in Bihar,” Government of Bihar; “Orissa Agriculture Statistics 2009.”; Department of Agriculture andCooperation, GOI. “Regional disparities in electrification of India – do geographic factors matter?” Center for Energy Policy andEconomics, Swiss Federal Institutes of Technology, Nov 2006. Map created based on 1999-2000 NSS data. 26