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The Roman Army Who? What? Where? When? Why?
Roman Army What? Why? Who? Where? ? When?
What was the Roman Army? <ul><li>Force behind one of the greatest empires of the ancient world </li></ul><ul><li>Began 3,0...
When was the Roman Army? <ul><li>Emperor Trajan ruled the Roman Empire from AD98 until AD117 </li></ul><ul><li>Emperor Had...
Why was there a Roman Army? <ul><li>fought to defend their land against invaders </li></ul><ul><li>fought to take land fro...
So far… <ul><li>What? When? Why? </li></ul>
Where was the Roman Army?
Frontiers: (1) Rivers <ul><li>Rivers Rhine, Danube, Tigris   and Euphrates </li></ul><ul><li>Rivers were good frontiers. W...
 
 
Frontiers: (2) Sahara Desert
Frontiers: (3) Hadrian’s Wall <ul><li>Solid barrier </li></ul><ul><li>Intimidating reminder </li></ul><ul><li>118km (73 mi...
 
Worksheet
Who were the Roman Army? <ul><li>107 BC Marius made the army a permanent force </li></ul><ul><li>Both infantry and cavalry...
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Roman Army, 5 Ws

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Roman Army, 5 Ws

  1. 1. The Roman Army Who? What? Where? When? Why?
  2. 2. Roman Army What? Why? Who? Where? ? When?
  3. 3. What was the Roman Army? <ul><li>Force behind one of the greatest empires of the ancient world </li></ul><ul><li>Began 3,000 years ago with tribe called Latins </li></ul><ul><li>Grew into city of Rome </li></ul><ul><li>Romans built up a great army </li></ul><ul><li>Conquered many lands around the Mediterranean Sea. </li></ul><ul><li>World’s first superpower. </li></ul>
  4. 4. When was the Roman Army? <ul><li>Emperor Trajan ruled the Roman Empire from AD98 until AD117 </li></ul><ul><li>Emperor Hadrian ruled from AD117 until AD138 </li></ul>
  5. 5. Why was there a Roman Army? <ul><li>fought to defend their land against invaders </li></ul><ul><li>fought to take land from their enemies </li></ul><ul><li>fought to extend their empire by conquering other lands, which they divided into area called provinces </li></ul><ul><li>fought to strengthen and defend the frontiers of their empire </li></ul>
  6. 6. So far… <ul><li>What? When? Why? </li></ul>
  7. 7. Where was the Roman Army?
  8. 8. Frontiers: (1) Rivers <ul><li>Rivers Rhine, Danube, Tigris and Euphrates </li></ul><ul><li>Rivers were good frontiers. Why? </li></ul><ul><li>Hadrian made the river Rhine the frontier from Bonn to the sea. He fortified the river. </li></ul><ul><li>The river Danube was similarly fortified from Regensburg to the Black Sea </li></ul><ul><li>These fortifications stretched for a bout 450 kilometres. </li></ul>
  9. 11. Frontiers: (2) Sahara Desert
  10. 12. Frontiers: (3) Hadrian’s Wall <ul><li>Solid barrier </li></ul><ul><li>Intimidating reminder </li></ul><ul><li>118km (73 miles) long, 2.5 metres thick, 5 metres high </li></ul><ul><li>Defended by 80 small mile-castles, 1.6 metres kilometres apart, and about 160 lookout turrets </li></ul><ul><li>Stone-built & turf-built </li></ul><ul><li>Ditch to the north </li></ul><ul><li>Vallum to the south. </li></ul><ul><li>Remained occupied until 410 </li></ul><ul><li>16 auxiliary army forts built along the wall </li></ul>
  11. 14. Worksheet
  12. 15. Who were the Roman Army? <ul><li>107 BC Marius made the army a permanent force </li></ul><ul><li>Both infantry and cavalry </li></ul><ul><li>2 types of soldier: (1) Auxiliary. (2) Legionary. </li></ul><ul><li>All legionaries were Roman citizens aged between 17 and 46 years old, and nearly all legionaries were infantry. </li></ul><ul><li>Recruitment depended on how long a province had been under Roman rule. </li></ul><ul><li>Legionary recruits usually came from the province which contained the legion’s base </li></ul><ul><li>Auxiliaries never stationed in their homeland </li></ul><ul><li>Normally enough volunteers to keep the army going </li></ul><ul><li>Soldiers had to swear a solemn oath </li></ul>

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