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Conjuctions
Conjunctions
 Conjunctions are used to link words or phrases
together (coordinating conjunctions), set them in
relationsh...
Conjunctions (2)
 Coordinating Conjunctions: and, or, but, so, yet:
 “No one in heaven or on earth or under the earth
wa...
Conjunctions (3a)
 “You are worthy to take the scroll and to open its
seals, for you were slaughtered and by your blood
y...
Conjunctions (3b)
 “You are worthy to take the scroll and to open its seals,
for you were slaughtered and by your blood y...
Conjunctions (4)
 Correlative (both…and, neither…nor, not only … but
also, either…or):
 “At that time his voice shook th...
Conjunctions (5)
 Subordinating Conjunctions
(when, while, after, before, since; where; whether;
as, as if; because; thou...
Conjunctions (6)
 “And I began to weep bitterly because no one was found worthy
to open the scroll or to look into it. Th...
Conjunctive Adverbs
 Not to be confused with subordinating
conjunctions, these adverbs can also be used to
indicate the r...
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Conjuctions

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Conjuctions

  1. 1. Conjuctions
  2. 2. Conjunctions  Conjunctions are used to link words or phrases together (coordinating conjunctions), set them in relationship to one another (correlative conjunctions), or subordinate one clause to another, usually giving some indication of the logical relationship between those clauses (subordinating conjunctions).
  3. 3. Conjunctions (2)  Coordinating Conjunctions: and, or, but, so, yet:  “No one in heaven or on earth or under the earth was able to open the scroll or to look into it.” Rev 5:3 NRSV)  The first two conjunctions link three prepositional phrases together as one overarching unit of modifiers describing “one”  The last conjunction links two infinitives, connecting both as complements to “was able”
  4. 4. Conjunctions (3a)  “You are worthy to take the scroll and to open its seals, for you were slaughtered and by your blood you ransomed for God saints from every tribe and language and people and nation.” (Rev 5:9 NRSV)
  5. 5. Conjunctions (3b)  “You are worthy to take the scroll and to open its seals, for you were slaughtered and by your blood you ransomed for God saints from every tribe and language and people and nation.” (Rev 5:9 NRSV)  The first “and” links two infinitives as complements to “worthy” (“worthy” of what?)  The second “and” links two clauses as part of the rationale introduced by “for” (“you were slaughtered and … you ransomed”)  The last three occurrences of “and” link four nouns as the common objects of the preposition “from”
  6. 6. Conjunctions (4)  Correlative (both…and, neither…nor, not only … but also, either…or):  “At that time his voice shook the earth, but now he has promised, „Yet once more I will shake not only the earth but also the heavens.‟” (Heb 12:28 ESV)  The “not only…but also” coordinates “earth” and “heaven” as twin objects of the verb “shake,” while also establishing a stronger relationship between the two objects.  “Store up for yourselves treasures in heaven, where neither moth nor rust consumes and where thieves do not break in and steal.” (Matt 6:20 NRSV)  “neither” and “nor” link “moth” and “rust” as two subjects of the verb “consumes.
  7. 7. Conjunctions (5)  Subordinating Conjunctions (when, while, after, before, since; where; whether; as, as if; because; though, although; if, unless; so, so that, in order that; as … as; rather than)  Used to connect noun or adverb clauses to some other element in the sentence
  8. 8. Conjunctions (6)  “And I began to weep bitterly because no one was found worthy to open the scroll or to look into it. Then one of the elders said to me, „Do not weep. See, the Lion of the tribe of Judah, the Root of David, has conquered, so that he can open the scroll and its seven seals.‟ Then I saw between the throne and the four living creatures and among the elders a Lamb standing as if it had been slaughtered, having seven horns and seven eyes, which are the seven spirits of God sent out into all the earth.” (Rev 5:4- 6 NRSV)  “because” introduces a subordinate clause specifying CAUSE  “so that” introduces a subordinate clause specifying RESULT  “as if” introduces a subordinate clause specifying MANNER
  9. 9. Conjunctive Adverbs  Not to be confused with subordinating conjunctions, these adverbs can also be used to indicate the relationship between independent clauses:  Accordingly, also, anyway, besides, certainly, consequen tly, conversely, finally, furthermore, hence, however, incid entally, indeed, instead, likewise, meanwhile, moreover, nevertheless, next, nonetheless, otherwise, similarly, spe cifically, still, subsequently, then, therefore, thus

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