Wd bernard enjolras - Third Sector Impact


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Wd bernard enjolras - Third Sector Impact

  1. 1. Third Sector Impact (TSI) Project under EU-FP7 Theme[SSH: The impact of the third sector in Europe] Bernard Enjolras t e r
  2. 2. www.socialresearch.no Objectives of the project 1. To clarify the concept of the third sector in its European manifestations ; 2. To identify the major contours of the sector so defined—its size, structure, composition, sources of support, and recent trends; 3. To identify the impacts of this sector, its contributions to European economic development, innovation, citizen well-being, civic engagement, and human development; 4. To identify barriers (both internal to organizations and external to them) that might be impeding their ability to contribute to European socio-economic development, and suggest ways these barriers might be overcome; 5. To forge a partnership between the research community focused on the European Third Sector and European Third Sector practitioners
  3. 3. www.socialresearch.no Objective 1: Conceptual Clarification ∙ Background: conceptual ambiguity about the “manifold types of entities that co-exist in the third sector”; ∙ 4 distinct “clusters” of Third Sector organizational types: · Associations and foundations (“nonprofit institutions,” or NPIs ) · Cooperatives, mutuals, and social enterprises (social economy) · Social enterprises or social ventures · Social movements (“the public sphere,” or, “civil society”)
  4. 4. www.socialresearch.no Objective 1: Conceptual Clarification ∙ Central objective: to find common ground around a consensus “working definition” of the third sector in the context of Europe. ∙ Such a definition must meet five key criteria: 1. sufficient breadth to encompass diversity ; 2. clarity in order to differentiate the third sector from government agencies, private for-profit businesses, and families or tribes; 3. sensitivity to accommodate the varied social, legal, and religious traditions and histories of different countries; 4. ability to be operationalized into meaningful measures 5. consistence with existing official international statistical usage.
  5. 5. www.socialresearch.no Objective 2: Determining the Scale of the Third Sector ∙ Goal: to establish the scope and scale of the European Third Sector. · Not only measures focusing on the number of entities but also of the human resources that these organizations engage (paid staff and volunteers). · Not only third-sector aggregates but also cross- national and sub-regional variations in size, composition, financing, and staffing of the third sector (distinctive sub-regional patterns). · Ability to differentiate the various components of the European third sector, in terms of fields of activity and of institutional type (e.g., associations, foundations, cooperatives, mutuals, social enterprises). · Use of standard international activity classifications in order to facilitate the integration of the measurement into existing European statistical systems.
  6. 6. www.socialresearch.no Objective 3: The Impact of the Third Sector ∙ Focus on two broad sets of potential third- sector impacts: · societal impacts (“macro-perspective”) i.e., the impacts that the third sector has on beneficiaries and society at large; · personal impacts (“micro-perspective”) i.e., the impacts that the third sector has on its own personnel, including both paid staff and volunteers. ∙ Strategic approach in three steps: 1. Design of a conceptual framework for identifying the types of impacts of the third sector about which it will be important to generate improved data; 2. Review of existing knowledge about impacts and how they have been assessed; 3. Development of methods and subsequent implementation (on a limited scale) of impact evaluation methods
  7. 7. www.socialresearch.no Objective 3: The Impact of the Third Sector ∙ Focus 5 areas of impacts of the third sector: · Well-being and quality of life · Innovation · Civic engagement, empowerment, advocacy, community building · Economic impacts · Human resource impacts
  8. 8. www.socialresearch.no Objective 3: The Impact of the Third Sector ∙ Existing knowledge about the micro impact of the third sector and volunteering is fragmented (in terms of the dimensions that are investigated and of methodologies); ∙ Most of the existing studies do not address the direction of causality issue; ∙ Need to synthetize existing knowledge and address the causality (identification) issue. Footer
  9. 9. www.socialresearch.no Objective 3: The Impact of the Third Sector ∙ At the macro and cross-national levels existing studies allow the assessment of certain kinds of impacts and for a limited number of countries. ∙ Need to develop improved indicators of third sector impacts at the macro level. Footer
  10. 10. www.socialresearch.no Objective 4: Identifying and overcoming barriers ∙ Two broad sets of barriers: · those internal to the organizations that comprise the third sector (e.g., human resource capabilities, organizational structure and procedures); · those relating to the political, economic, legal, and social environment within which the organizations and volunteering operate. ∙ Internal Factors: · Leadership · Organizational and governance structure · Human resources · Finance · Institutional Facilities and Support Systems (equipment, facilities, personnel, strategic planning, and training facing all organizations) · Inter-organizational linkages
  11. 11. www.socialresearch.no Objective 4: Identifying and overcoming barriers ∙ Environmental Factors: · Legal Environment · Public Attitudes · Financing Mechanisms · Accessibility of Policy Institutions to TSOs · Sector and Sub-sector Infrastructure and Intermediary Institutions
  12. 12. www.socialresearch.no Objective 5: Stakeholder Engagement ∙ Goal: integration of stakeholders into all aspects of the analytical process. ∙ Method: outcomes-oriented collaboration between researchers and practitioners and co-building of understanding of problems and solutions.