Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Wd bernard enjolras - Third Sector Impact


Published on

  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Wd bernard enjolras - Third Sector Impact

  1. 1. Third Sector Impact (TSI) Project under EU-FP7 Theme[SSH: The impact of the third sector in Europe] Bernard Enjolras t e r
  2. 2. Objectives of the project 1. To clarify the concept of the third sector in its European manifestations ; 2. To identify the major contours of the sector so defined—its size, structure, composition, sources of support, and recent trends; 3. To identify the impacts of this sector, its contributions to European economic development, innovation, citizen well-being, civic engagement, and human development; 4. To identify barriers (both internal to organizations and external to them) that might be impeding their ability to contribute to European socio-economic development, and suggest ways these barriers might be overcome; 5. To forge a partnership between the research community focused on the European Third Sector and European Third Sector practitioners
  3. 3. Objective 1: Conceptual Clarification ∙ Background: conceptual ambiguity about the “manifold types of entities that co-exist in the third sector”; ∙ 4 distinct “clusters” of Third Sector organizational types: · Associations and foundations (“nonprofit institutions,” or NPIs ) · Cooperatives, mutuals, and social enterprises (social economy) · Social enterprises or social ventures · Social movements (“the public sphere,” or, “civil society”)
  4. 4. Objective 1: Conceptual Clarification ∙ Central objective: to find common ground around a consensus “working definition” of the third sector in the context of Europe. ∙ Such a definition must meet five key criteria: 1. sufficient breadth to encompass diversity ; 2. clarity in order to differentiate the third sector from government agencies, private for-profit businesses, and families or tribes; 3. sensitivity to accommodate the varied social, legal, and religious traditions and histories of different countries; 4. ability to be operationalized into meaningful measures 5. consistence with existing official international statistical usage.
  5. 5. Objective 2: Determining the Scale of the Third Sector ∙ Goal: to establish the scope and scale of the European Third Sector. · Not only measures focusing on the number of entities but also of the human resources that these organizations engage (paid staff and volunteers). · Not only third-sector aggregates but also cross- national and sub-regional variations in size, composition, financing, and staffing of the third sector (distinctive sub-regional patterns). · Ability to differentiate the various components of the European third sector, in terms of fields of activity and of institutional type (e.g., associations, foundations, cooperatives, mutuals, social enterprises). · Use of standard international activity classifications in order to facilitate the integration of the measurement into existing European statistical systems.
  6. 6. Objective 3: The Impact of the Third Sector ∙ Focus on two broad sets of potential third- sector impacts: · societal impacts (“macro-perspective”) i.e., the impacts that the third sector has on beneficiaries and society at large; · personal impacts (“micro-perspective”) i.e., the impacts that the third sector has on its own personnel, including both paid staff and volunteers. ∙ Strategic approach in three steps: 1. Design of a conceptual framework for identifying the types of impacts of the third sector about which it will be important to generate improved data; 2. Review of existing knowledge about impacts and how they have been assessed; 3. Development of methods and subsequent implementation (on a limited scale) of impact evaluation methods
  7. 7. Objective 3: The Impact of the Third Sector ∙ Focus 5 areas of impacts of the third sector: · Well-being and quality of life · Innovation · Civic engagement, empowerment, advocacy, community building · Economic impacts · Human resource impacts
  8. 8. Objective 3: The Impact of the Third Sector ∙ Existing knowledge about the micro impact of the third sector and volunteering is fragmented (in terms of the dimensions that are investigated and of methodologies); ∙ Most of the existing studies do not address the direction of causality issue; ∙ Need to synthetize existing knowledge and address the causality (identification) issue. Footer
  9. 9. Objective 3: The Impact of the Third Sector ∙ At the macro and cross-national levels existing studies allow the assessment of certain kinds of impacts and for a limited number of countries. ∙ Need to develop improved indicators of third sector impacts at the macro level. Footer
  10. 10. Objective 4: Identifying and overcoming barriers ∙ Two broad sets of barriers: · those internal to the organizations that comprise the third sector (e.g., human resource capabilities, organizational structure and procedures); · those relating to the political, economic, legal, and social environment within which the organizations and volunteering operate. ∙ Internal Factors: · Leadership · Organizational and governance structure · Human resources · Finance · Institutional Facilities and Support Systems (equipment, facilities, personnel, strategic planning, and training facing all organizations) · Inter-organizational linkages
  11. 11. Objective 4: Identifying and overcoming barriers ∙ Environmental Factors: · Legal Environment · Public Attitudes · Financing Mechanisms · Accessibility of Policy Institutions to TSOs · Sector and Sub-sector Infrastructure and Intermediary Institutions
  12. 12. Objective 5: Stakeholder Engagement ∙ Goal: integration of stakeholders into all aspects of the analytical process. ∙ Method: outcomes-oriented collaboration between researchers and practitioners and co-building of understanding of problems and solutions.