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Avoiding the Pitfalls of Bad Slides
“The fancier the PowerPoint presentation,
the less valuable the ideas being
— Herb Lovelace, a technology expert
"Simplicity is the ultimate sophistication."
— Leonardo da Vinci
Tips to be Covered
Spelling and Grammar
Make your 1st
slide an outline
Ex: previous slide
Follow the order of your outline for the rest of the
Only place main points on the outline slide
Don’t put details on the outline
Ex: Use the titles of each slide as main points
Use 1-2 slides for each minute
Use phrases, not complete sentences
Avoid wordiness: key words and phrases only
Follow the “6 x 6 Rule”
6 phrases on a slide
6 words in a phrase
Slide Structure – Good
Show one point at a time:
Helps audience listen to what you’re saying
Stops audience from reading ahead
Helps keep your presentation focused
Slide Structure - Bad
This page contains too many words for a presentation slide.
It is not written in point form, making it difficult both for
your audience to read and for you to present each point.
Although there are exactly the same number of points on
this slide as the previous slide, it looks much more
complicated. In short, your audience will spend too much
time trying to read this paragraph instead of listening to
Chilean ExportsChilean Exports
• Fresh fruit leads Chile's export mix - Chile emerges as major supplier of fresh fruit to
world market due to ample natural resources, consumer demand for fresh fruit during
winter season in U.S. and Europe, and incentives in agricultural policies of Chilean
government, encouraging trend toward diversification of exports and development of
nontraditional crops - U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Economic Research Service Report
• Chile is among the developing economies taking advantage of these trends, pursuing
a free market economy. This has allowed for diversification through the expansion of
fruit production for export, especially to the U.S. and Western Europe. Chile has
successfully diversified its agricultural sector to the extent that it is now a major fruit
exporting nation. Many countries view Chile's diversification of agriculture as a model
to be followed.
• Meanwhile, the U.S. remains the largest single market for Chile's fruit exports.
However, increasing demand from the EC and Central and East European countries
combined may eventually surpass exports to the U.S., spurring further growth in
• If you’ve read this far, your eyes probably hurt and you’ve been reading this tedious
long-winded text instead of listening to me. I’m insulted- can’t you see I’m doing a
presentation up here? Look at me! Congratulations, however, on having such good
Fonts - Good
Use at least an 18-point font
Use different size fonts for main points and secondary
this font is 24-point, the main point font is 28-point, and the
title font can be 36-point or 50-point
Use a standard font
Times New Roman
Fonts - Bad
If you use a small font, your audience won’t be able to read what you have written
CAPITALIZE ONLY WHEN NECESSARY. IT IS DIFFICULT
Don’t use a complicated font
Please don’t use a complicated font!
Use a color of font that contrasts sharply with the
Ex: black font on white background
Use color to show the difference between main points and
Ex: light blue title for main points
Ex: dark blue or black text for details
Use color to emphasize a point
But don’t use it too much
Cats = Good Pets
They are easy to take care of
They can be very loving and sympathetic.
They will not hurt you unless you are cruel to
Don’t pull their tails
They are friendly if you are nice
The bark a lot.
You should get a pet because they are the best animal in the world. Everyone loves them so much.
Use backgrounds such as this one that are nice but simple
Use backgrounds which are light
Use the same background consistently throughout your
People have studied the stars for years
TODAY MOST NEWSPAPERS INCLUDE HOROSCOPES
To explain what you’re talking about
Do NOT use pictures just to:
Use pictures that make your
Best rule: one picture per
Don't make the picture bigger
than the text
My personal favorite:
the Suzuki Savage
Light weight (~380lbs)
Adequate power (650cc
Low seat height fits
• Reading a book
Do not use too much animation
Do not use distracting animation
Do not go overboard with the animation
Be consistent with the animation that you use
Spelling and Grammar
Always check your spellyng
Always your check grammur
• This is a serious problum ！
• I really want to go to the United States ！ And live
• And also,this is my power ,push me work hardur!
• I still believe,some day I can go to Amercian
Use a conclusion slide to:
Summarize the main points of your presentation
Suggest future avenues of research
What you will see
• What is tiger
• Tigers’ habitat
• Different kinds of
• We should protect
• Different types
• I am a handsome dog. My name is Kyle.
If you like me, call me maybe.
By the way, I am a golden
• A handsome dog
• A golden retreiver
• If you like me, call me
play computer games
• Playing basketball
• Playing computer games
• Reading books
• Tropical fish have a common characteristic, that is when most tropical fish (must be
at least 20 water temperature to survive, and mostly like to weak acid water℃
softening. Tropical fish out of common also have their own characteristics, so to
keep good tropical fish, you must thoroughly understand the relevant knowledge of
• All share the same
– need at least 20 ℃
water to survive
– like weak, acid water
• Very important to have
Dogs &Dogs & CATSCATS
• Dislike each otherDislike each other
• Chase or fightChase or fight
• They can have aThey can have a
Dogs &Dogs & CatsCats
• Do they...
–dislike each other?
–chase or fight?
• Or can they have a
he gray wolf is a slender,
uilt animal with a
rge, deeply descending
bcage and a sloping back.
s abdomen is pulled in,
nd its neck heavily muscled.
The Gray Wolf
• Is slender and powerfully
– a large, deeply
– a sloping back
– a heavily muscled neck