Mural Ordinance Update to the PLUM+APN Committees

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On Wednesday, October 12, 2011, Code Studies staff, with staff from the Department of Cultural Affairs, presented an update on the mural ordinance to the joint-Planning+Arts Committees of the LA City Council. The joint-committee instructed staff to develop an ordinance to protect vintage murals and permit new murals through time/place/manner regulations. Also, the joint-committee asked for a report back concerning costs and possible funding sources for a possible public art easement ordinance.

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Mural Ordinance Update to the PLUM+APN Committees

  1. 1. intro | definition | background | approaches | next steps O v e r v i e w issues resulting in the current mural prohibition directions for research and development to preserve existing murals and permit new murals procedural next steps toward adopting a mural ordinance public outreach efforts direction from the joint-committeeMURAL WORKING GROUP
  2. 2. …is this a mural?
  3. 3. …is this a mural?
  4. 4. …is this a mural?
  5. 5. Definitional …is this a mural?
  6. 6. …is this a mural?
  7. 7. …is this a mural?
  8. 8. …is this a mural?
  9. 9. …is this a mural?
  10. 10. …is this a mural?
  11. 11. …is this a mural?
  12. 12. intro | definition | background | approaches | next steps Current Code Definitions sign any whole or part of a display board, wall, screen or object, used to announce, declare, demonstrate, display or otherwise present a message and attract the attention of the public. mural sign a sign that is painted on or applied to and made integral with a wall, the written message of which does not exceed three percent of the total area of the sign. wall sign any sign attached to, painted on or erected against the wall of a building or structure, with the exposed face of the sign in a planeMURAL WORKING GROUP approximately parallel to the plane of the wall. LAMC SEC 14.4.2
  13. 13. intro | definition | background | approaches | next steps Are murals banned in LA? YES (sadly) … and … NO (kind of) currently, murals may be permitted: -on city property -on county, state, or federal property -on private property pursuant to a legally adopted specific plan, supplemental use district, or development agreement (LAMC SEC 14.4.4 B. 10)MURAL WORKING GROUP
  14. 14. intro | definition | background | approaches | next steps What?! Why?! -pre-1986 – murals not mentioned in LA Municipal Code -1986 – murals first mentioned in sign ordinance, exempted -2002 – general ban on murals, creation of “sign districts” -2007 – most recent mural approved on private propertyMURAL WORKING GROUP
  15. 15. intro | definition | background | approaches | next steps W h a t n o w ? Staff direction from the Planning & Land Use Management (PLUM) and Arts, Parks, Health, & Aging (APHA) Committees of the City Council: preserve & protect existing murals maybe a “vintage mural permit” … ? enable creation of new murals “districts,” “original arts murals,” “public art easements,” other approaches … ?MURAL WORKING GROUP
  16. 16. intro | definition | background | approaches | next steps Considerations 1st amendment regulations must be “content neutral” can only include “time / place / manner” restrictions implementation program costs , accessibility to the public, maintenance, etc.MURAL WORKING GROUP
  17. 17. preserving existing muralsintro | definition | background | approaches | next steps MURAL WORKING GROUP
  18. 18. intro | definition | background | approaches | next steps V i n t a g e existing mural stock city, extra-jurisdictional, & private property pre-2002 murals presumably “grandfathered” but not clear in code “Vintage Mural Permit” how to establish date created: copyright, historic news clippings, records/receipts, other?MURAL WORKING GROUP
  19. 19. permitting murals newintro | definition | background | approaches | next steps MURAL WORKING GROUP
  20. 20. intro | definition | background | approaches | next steps Public Art Easements purpose program to create new public art on private property by the City becoming “patron of art” through easement approach features -building owner grants easement on wall to the City -requires arts commission approval -competitive selection for funding available through the City -no limitations regarding size, material, etc. -mural must remain in place for 5 yearsMURAL WORKING GROUP
  21. 21. intro | definition | background | approaches | next steps Public Art Easements sample selection criteria -artistic quality -context -media -scale -diversity -feasibility -originality -structural and surface soundness -building owner easement -building owner maintenance agreement -community support -public safetyMURAL WORKING GROUP -accessibility
  22. 22. intro | definition | background | approaches | next steps Public Art Easements benefits -opportunity for creation of enormous murals -different media and surfaces -City investment in art and beautification -balanced approach if combined with Original Arts Murals issues -tight budgetary times -unease with easement approachMURAL WORKING GROUP
  23. 23. intro | definition | background | approaches | next steps Original Art Murals purpose administrative permit to allow “original art murals” on a content-neutral basis on certain terms and conditions in a simple, accessible way definition of mural a hand-produced work of visual art which is tiled or painted by hand directly upon, or affixed directly to an exterior wall of a buildingMURAL WORKING GROUP Title 4 Original Art Murals, Charter and Code of the City of Portland, Oregon
  24. 24. •mural to remain in place for 5 years •building owner cannot receive compensation•no mechanical parts or changing images •historic & design overlay protections •no murals on stone walls or brick •no murals on residential with < 5 units •neighborhood involvement process •administrative application & small fee
  25. 25. intro | definition | background | approaches | next steps Original Art Murals benefits -encourage murals citywide (“let art happen”) -separates art murals from signs -potentially simple and cheap to administer -content-neutral, time / place / manner restrictions issues -training & implementation -assessing public sentiment -new legal approachMURAL WORKING GROUP
  26. 26. intro | definition | background | approaches | next steps D i s t r i c t s current provisions -murals are OK when specifically permitted pursuant to: a legally adopted specific plan, supplemental use district or an approved development agreement. LAMC SEC 14.4.4 B. 10 -sign district: sign districts are allowed to be established in areas of the City, to enhance unique characteristicsMURAL WORKING GROUP LAMC SEC 13.11
  27. 27. Hollywood Sign District
  28. 28. intro | definition | background | approaches | next steps D i s t r i c t s benefits -promote unique character of communities -murals of different types and materials in different neighborhoods -may serve as pilot programs -legal defensibility issues -equity in establishment of districts -limited geography -two-step adoption processMURAL WORKING GROUP
  29. 29. s P o s c e rintro | definition | background | approaches | next steps MURAL WORKING GROUP
  30. 30. intro | definition | background | approaches | next steps DCP Public Participation Policy between day 1 day 1 day 60 day 76 day 90 & day 60 release conduct end of release CPC draft workshop / comment finalized, hearing ordinance staff period signed hearing staff recommendatio n reportMURAL WORKING GROUP
  31. 31. intro | definition | background | approaches | next steps T h a n k Y o u Questions? Comments? Tanner Blackman City of Los Angeles | Department of City Planning Code Studies | Office of Zoning AdministrationMURAL WORKING GROUP tanner.blackman@lacity.org | 213.978.1195

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