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UVI Crime Prev. and Delin. Control Spring 2012 Professor Whitaker Group 1: Operation Juvenile Justice


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UVI Crime Prev. and Delin. Control Spring 2012 Professor Whitaker Group 1: Operation Juvenile Justice

  1. 1. The Chance Program Presentation by: Chris Richardson Krystal Lugo Ernestina Ashe Model Juvenile Delinquency Prevention Program
  2. 2. Part I: Program Description, Summary & Goals
  3. 3. Overview of program Mission of the Program Vision of the Program Program Description and Goals Program Principles Concepts of the Therapeutic Community Model Treatment Goals and Expectations
  4. 4. The Mission of The Chance Program Our mission is to directly confront and offer positive lifestyle alternatives to delinquent behavior (in both teenage male and females)such as: substance abuse, teenage pregnancy, aggressive behavior (criminality), illiteracy.
  5. 5. The Vision of The Chance Program The vision of the Chance Program is to see that each and every one of our clients will leave our program with the correct and necessary tools to maintain healthy and happy lives/lifestyles and the willingness of each individual to utilize these given tools.
  6. 6. The Goal of The Chance Program Our goal is simply to: Provide a therapeutic-based environment as well as treatment (clinical) and operational staff to assist, support, and secure the recovery of each individual in our program. This goal incorporates: A partnership between each individual and us in efforts to challenge each individual’s attitudes, beliefs, values, and behaviors that have been strongly affected because of previously mentioned delinquent behaviors as the necessary changes are made to live a lifestyle that is
  7. 7. What to look for! This program is designed to reinforce positive behavioral changes through positive reinforcement and immediate consequences thus giving juveniles a “second chance” at improving lifestyle, well-being etc. Requirements were established to correspond with a juvenile’s individual treatment plan, and assist the resident to internalize change as individual growth and internalized values change. There are three phases that juveniles or residents must complete to advance through treatment program while in residential treatment. Type of Program: Therapeutic Community Model Based Program Class of Juvenile Delinquency: All Juvenile Delinquency including, but not limited to: teenage pregnancy, aggressive behavior, substance abuse, and illiteracy.
  8. 8. General Program Description First few weeks of the program new residents will be involve in activities which is an Orientation which helps staff and peers get to know each other. New comers and peers will be involved in a Therapeutic community which is residential treatment program. Residents and staff will work together in a social community. Within the program structure, treatment activities, community self management and personal responsibility functions and the various educational activities provide the opportunity for self- examination, skill building, behavioral
  9. 9. Program Principles Each resident regardless of personal history is Unique, Worthwhile, and valuable. We separate the self worth and value of the individual from the behaviors of the individual. Our Commitment is to challenge and behaviors the threaten or undermine self worth and value. Change is voluntary. Positive Change requires doing. Seeking recovery requires desire, hope and action combined with willingness and acceptance
  10. 10. Therapeutic Community Concepts Practice self- help and mutual help Demonstrating responsibilities to self and others Practice Tough Love Participating in group process Practicing social learning
  11. 11. Treatment Expectations andgoals Residents will find that most time spent in the Therapeutic Community has an expected behavior change. The social learning environment, individual treatment planning, treatment program structure and all activities are all focused on creating a solid foundation for change. Residents will bring their life experiences together in a community of individuals to identify separate and shared personal, substance abuse and criminal lifestyle problems.
  12. 12. Treatment Phases
  13. 13. Treatment Phases 1. Orientation 2. Phase 2 4. Phase 3 5. Re-entry
  14. 14. Treatment PhasesThe Purpose of Phases in our program? Practice pro-social behaviors and attitudes Experience the rewards and responsibilities of achieving goals Experience success of failure through a trial and error learning process Be supported and guided by the community Internalize new behaviors and attitudes and become accustomed to living on a daily basis
  15. 15. Treatment Phases Orientation Phase» Brings you into the program. Also, In this phase, you will learn about the concept and principles about the program.» Questions and concerns are discussed and answered in group meetings where Senior residents participate as mentors and role models.
  16. 16. Treatment Phases Orientation Phase Provides1. Introduction to trust and group support2. Introduction to the group concept and operation of mutual help3. Participation in the assessment process by indentifying juvenile delinquent behavior.4. Opportunity to coordinate with staff in identifying treatment plan goals, objectives and methods which are directly connected with the problem behaviors and support behavior to change.
  17. 17. Treatment Phases Phase 21. Begin to learn the concepts of juvenile delinquency and begin to recognize how these concepts apply to you.2. Begin to identify their personal behaviors, attitudes and beliefs that keep them from reaching their personal rehabilitation goals.3. Work on developing trust in your peers and staff.4. Be a member of various work crews and committees.5. Work on developing life skills that you will need to meet your goals.
  18. 18. Treatment Phases Phase 3 (Tasks and Responsibility)1. Gain a deeper understanding of the concepts of juvenile delinquent behavior.2. Sever as a role model to peers in orientation phase.3. Demonstrate the value of trust and trustworthiness to peers and clinical staff.4. Create a continuing care plan.5. Weekend visits with family.6. Leader on work crews.
  19. 19. Treatment Phases Re-entry (Congratulations)
  20. 20. Part II: Program Statistics and Applicable Laws
  21. 21. Applicable Federal Laws 28 CFR 2.106 - Youth Rehabilitation Act: (a) Regulations governing YRA offenders and D.C. Code FYCA offenders. Unless the judgment and commitment order provides otherwise, the provisions of this section shall apply to an offender sentenced under the Youth Rehabilitation Act of 1985 (D.C. Code 24-901 et seq.) (YRA) who committed his offense before 5 p.m., August 11, 2000, and a D.C. Code offender sentenced under the former Federal Youth Corrections Act (former 18 U.S.C. 5005 et seq.) (FYCA). An offender sentenced under the YRA who committed his offense (or who continued to commit his offense) on or after 5 p.m., August 11, 2000, is not eligible for release on parole, but may be terminated from a term of supervised release before the expiration of the term and receive a certificate setting aside the conviction under § 2.208(f).
  22. 22. 28 CFR 2.106 - YouthRehabilitation Act: Continued (b) Application of this subpart to YRA offenders. All provisions of this subpart that apply to adult offenders also apply to YRA offenders unless a specific exception is made for YRA (or youth) offenders. (c) No further benefit finding. If there is a finding that a YRA offender will derive no further benefit from treatment, such prisoner shall be considered for parole, and for any other action, exclusively under the provisions of this subpart that are applicable to adult offenders. Such a finding may be made pursuant to D.C. Code 24-905 by the Department of Corrections or by the Bureau of Prisons, and shall be promptly forwarded to the Commission. However, if the finding is appealed to the sentencing judge, the prisoner will continue to be treated under the provisions pertaining to YRA offenders until the judge makes a final decision denying the appeal.
  23. 23. 28 CFR 2.106 - Youth Rehabilitation Act: Continued d) (1) Program plans and using program achievement to set the parole date. At a YRA prisoners initial parole hearing, a program plan for the prisoners treatment shall be submitted by institutional staff and reviewed by the hearing examiner. Any proposed modifications to the plan shall be discussed at the hearing, although further relevant information may be presented and considered after the hearing. The plan shall adequately account for the risk implications of the prisoners current offense and criminal history and shall address the prisoners need for rehabilitational training. The program plan shall also include an estimated date of completion. The criteria at § 2.64(d) for successful response to treatment programs shall be considered by the Commission in determining whether the proposed program plan would effectively reduce the risk to the
  24. 24. 28 CFR 2.106 - Youth Rehabilitation Act: Continued (2) The youth offenders response to treatment programs and program achievement shall be considered with other relevant factors, such as the offense and parole prognosis, in determining when the youth offender should be conditionally released under supervision. See § 2.64(e). The guidelines at § 2.80(k) -(m) on awarding superior program achievement and the subtraction of any award in determining the total guideline range shall not be used in the decision. (e) Parole violators. A YRA parolee who has had his parole revoked shall be scheduled for a rehearing within six months of the revocation hearing to review the new program plan prepared by institutional staff, unless a parole effective date is granted after the revocation hearing. Such program plan shall reflect a thorough reassessment of the prisoners rehabilitational needs in light of the prisoners failure on parole. Decisions on reparole shall be made using the guidelines at § 2.80. If a YRA parolee is sentenced to a new prison term of one year or more for a crime committed while on parole, the case shall be referred to correctional authorities for consideration of
  25. 25. 28 CFR 2.106 - Youth RehabilitationAct: Continued (f) Unconditional discharge from supervision. (1) A YRA parolee may be unconditionally discharged from supervision after service of one year on parole supervision if the Commission finds that supervision is no longer needed to protect the public safety. A review of the parolees file shall be conducted after the conclusion of each year of supervision upon receipt of an annual progress report, and upon receipt of a final report to be submitted by the supervision officer six months prior to the sentence expiration date.
  26. 26. 28 CFR 2.106 - Youth Rehabilitation Act: Continued (2) In making a decision concerning unconditional discharge, the Commission shall consider the facts and circumstances of each case, focusing on the risk the parolee poses to the public and the benefit he may obtain from further supervision. The decision shall be made after an analysis of case-specific factors, including, but not limited to, the parolees prior criminal history, the offense behavior that led to his conviction, record of drug or alcohol dependence, employment history, stability of residence and family relationships, and the number and nature of any incidents while under supervision (including new arrests, alleged parole violations, and criminal investigations). (3) An order of unconditional discharge from supervision terminates the YRA offenders sentence. Whenever a YRA offender is unconditionally discharged from supervision, the Commission shall issue a certificate setting aside the offenders conviction. If the YRA offender is not unconditionally discharged from supervision prior to the expiration of his sentence, a certificate setting aside the conviction may be issued nunc pro tunc if the Commission finds that the failure to issue the decision on time was due to administrative delay or error, or that the Supervision Officer failed to present the Commission with a progress report before the end of the supervision term, and the offenders
  27. 27. YOUTH TRAINING AND REHABILITATIONAct 150 of 1974 - YOUTH REHABILITATION SERVICESACT (803.301 - 803.309) YOUTH REHABILITATION SERVICES ACT Act 150 of 1974 AN ACT to provide for the acceptance, care, and discharge of youths committed as public wards; to prescribe the liability for the cost of services for public wards; to prescribe procedures for the return of public wards who absent themselves without permission; to provide a penalty for the violation of this act; and to repeal acts and parts of acts.
  28. 28. Public Law 96-272 of 1980 The Adoption Assistance and Child Welfare Act, amends the SocialSecurity Act 42 USC 601 et seq. and provides the federal basis forplacement services to children. The intent of this law is to strengthenpermanency planning for children nationwide. Under this law, theDepartment of Human Services (DHS) must document that: • Reasonable efforts have been made to prevent removal of youthsfrom their family. • Efforts are continually being made to return the youth to the parental home. • A permanency plan is developed for all youth under DHS supervision.
  29. 29. Public Act 73 of 1988 (803.224 et seq). The Juvenile Facilities Act mandates that if a juvenile is within the jurisdiction of the circuit court the department must prepare a written report to the court prior to the juvenile’s sentencing. This report is to include a recommendation as to whether the juvenile is more likely to be rehabilitated by the services and facilities available in adult programs and procedures than in juvenile programs and procedures.
  30. 30. Public Act 56 of2003 (MCL 3.691 etseq.) The Interstate Compact for Juveniles Act provides the foundation for DHS supervision of out-of-state wards, obtaining out-of-state supervision for Michigan wards, and provisions for returning runaway youth across state lines.
  31. 31. Local Applicable Laws According to Superior Court Judge Steele, Attorney Jeffrey Moorehead and Attorney Dewese: There are no local specific laws in terms of youth rehabilitation, however the following laws would be required: 501 C(3) Status Law: Tax Exemption Insurance Laws Juvenile Confidentiality Laws Approval and Sanctioning by the Department of Human Services Business Laws
  32. 32. 501C(3) Status Law To be tax-exempt under section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code, an organization must be organized and operated exclusively for exempt purposes set forth in section 501(c)(3), and none of its earnings may inure to any private shareholder or individual. In addition, it may not be an action organization, i.e., it may not attempt to influence legislation as a substantial part of its activities and it may not participate in any campaign activity for or against political candidates. Organizations described in section 501(c)(3) are commonly referred to as charitable organizations. Organizations described in section 501(c)(3), other than testing for public safety organizations, are eligible to receive tax-deductible contributions in accordance with Code section 170. The organization must not be organized or operated for the benefit of private interests, and no part of a section 501(c)(3) organizations net earnings may inure to the benefit of any private shareholder or individual. If the organization engages in an excess benefit transaction with a person having substantial influence over the organization, an excise tax may be imposed on the person and any organization managers agreeing to the transaction.
  33. 33. Part III: Funding Source and Advocacy
  34. 34. Funding Source This program is federally funded by the federal government. It is an alternative to juvenile incarceration (i.e. Youth Rehabilitation Center). It is also an extension of court referrals: Referrals can be done by social workers, court system, educational system (school administrators and teachers), and parents accompanied with further investigation from the Department of Human
  35. 35. Advocacy Outreach Program: We found that the most successful method would be presentations held at local schools. These presentations would incorporate: lectures conducted by professionals involved in program as well as activities to stimulate interest in our
  36. 36. Whom We Presented To… As a required portion of our presentation, we presented our program and presentation to Judge Steele at The Superior Court of the Virgin Islands located near Central High School. After viewing and listening to our presentation, Judge Steele had the following remarks: “Therapeutic based programs are the most effective in terms of youth rehabilitation. The primary purpose of juvenile courts should be purely therapeutic. Also, one cannot function without the other; meaning that our program would not be able to function without the therapeutic-community based model.
  37. 37. Youth Rehabilitation Services SurveyAre the Virgin Islands in need of a residential treatment center for juveniles?  □ Disagree □ Strongly Disagree □ Not Sure □ Agree □ Strongly AgreeDo you think that a residential treatment center for juveniles would be more effective indealing with juvenile delinquency than a detention center?  □ Disagree □ Strongly Disagree □ Not Sure □ Agree □ Strongly AgreeDo you think that the Youth Rehabilitation Center provides juveniles with behavioral healthservices and interventions to youths with special needs?  □ Disagree □ Strongly Disagree □ Not Sure □ Agree □ Strongly AgreeIs mental health a major problem for youths in the Virgin Islands?  □ Disagree □ Strongly Disagree □ Not Sure □ Agree □ Strongly AgreeIs substance-use a major problem for youths in the Virgin Islands?  □ Disagree □ Strongly Disagree □ Not Sure □ Agree □ Strongly AgreeAre youths in the justice system are at greater risk for HIV/AIDS?  □ Disagree □ Strongly Disagree □ Not Sure □ Agree □ Strongly AgreeDo you think that a residential treatment center for juveniles would decrease delinquent andother violent behaviors in youths?  □ Disagree □ Strongly Disagree □ Not Sure □ Agree □ Strongly Agree
  38. 38. Survey Continued…Do you think that the Youth Rehabilitation Center is completely effective in controlling andminimizing juvenile delinquency?  □ Disagree □ Strongly Disagree □ Not Sure □ Agree □ Strongly AgreeDo you think that juveniles would greatly refrain from engaging in criminal and delinquentbehaviors if a residential treatment center could provide activities and services to improvelifestyle behaviors?  □ Disagree □ Strongly Disagree □ Not Sure □ Agree □ Strongly AgreeShould a residential treatment center be implemented and built to replace the YouthRehabilitation Center?  □ Disagree □ Strongly Disagree □ Not Sure □ Agree □ Strongly Agree
  39. 39. The End!!This concludes ourgroup presentation!!