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Bay Area Native Solidarity in Ohlone Territory

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Bay Area Native Solidarity in Ohlone Territory

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Designed by Kanyon CoyoteWoman Sayers-Roods of Indian Canyon Nation board member of ACORN.WIKI

Native and Non-Native allies and accomplices

Bay area history of Ohlone / Costanoan people's
And respectful Indigenous Protocol
Ba

Designed by Kanyon CoyoteWoman Sayers-Roods of Indian Canyon Nation board member of ACORN.WIKI

Native and Non-Native allies and accomplices

Bay area history of Ohlone / Costanoan people's
And respectful Indigenous Protocol
Ba

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Bay Area Native Solidarity in Ohlone Territory

  1. 1. Bay Area native Solidarity Ohlone territory For native and Non-Native Allies and Accomplices by: Kanyon CoyoteWoman Indian Canyon nation acorn.wiki 2018.v1 Wednesday, May 30, 18
  2. 2. miSmin Tuuhis, kan-rakat Kanyon CoyoteWoman Sayers-Roods Respectful Introductions California Native, Mutsun-Ohlone Mukurma of Indian Canyon Nation Wednesday, May 30, 18
  3. 3. Indigenous protocol - Cultural Etiquette Acknowledgement of Space and Place It’s a tradition that has dated back centuries for indigenous people but for many non-Indigenous people, Officially recognizing the territory or lands we stand on is a fairly new concept However, it's one that many Indigenous people say marks a small but essential step toward reconciliation.  Wednesday, May 30, 18
  4. 4. Who Where the original occupants of this land? Indigenous People were and are the first stewards of the land -Ohlone -Costanoan or ask - Original People who reconnect with language just want to be called “People” in their Language Wednesday, May 30, 18
  5. 5. What is Ohlone Territory? Surviving through two centuries of persecution and genocidal policies during the Spanish, Mexican and American eras, Ohlone people continue to inhabit their ancestral homeland, the San Francisco Bay and Monterey Bay areas. Ohlone (aka Costanoan) is a grouping term created by anthropologists to signify broad-based linguistic and cultural similarities among some 58 independent tribal groups The language family of the tribes whose homelands extended from present day “San Francisco Bay south to Monterey Bay - Big Sur coast and San Benito River drainage” First named “Costanoan” in 1891 and “ohlone” in 1978 Wednesday, May 30, 18
  6. 6. Ohlone | Costanoan The word Ohlone (pronounced “Oh-lone-e”) comes from the name of a single tribe of Ohlone, the Oljon (pronounced “Ol-hone”) This group is sometimes called Costanoan (pronounced Coh-stah- no-an). This word comes from the spanish term “Costano” meaning “Indians from the Coast”. While there was overlap in the overall cultures of the Ohlone peoples from tribe to tribe, there were also many things that made each tribe distinct From leadership, to sacred narratives, specifics of plant use, languages spoken and more Ohlone cultures changed in the thousands of years that they and their ancestors have lived in the place known as San Francisco Bay Area. Change increased as non-Indians began to settle in the area after 1769 While Ohlone peoples experienced tremendous disruption, dislocation, and suffering in subsequent decades, and astonishing amount of ancestral knowledge has been preserved due to courage, sacrifice, bigheartedness, foresight, and determination of many elders to share that knowledge Wednesday, May 30, 18
  7. 7. Did you Know ...? California was once home to over 300 Native American dialects and as many as 90 languages, making it the most linguistically diverse state in the US. Today, only about half of those languages are still with us, according to the Advocates for Indigenous California Language Survival, or AICLS. Languages are not dead, they are Dormant, and many are waking up (with community focusing on Language revitalization) Wednesday, May 30, 18
  8. 8. Diverse Cultural Heritage The Cultural Heritage of California begins no less than 15,000 years ago when the many of several waves of people arrived and settled here. California's prehistoric population one of the largest and most diverse in the Western Hemisphere is exhibited by the no fewer than the sixty-four distinct languages they spoke more than any other comparable area in the world outside of new Guinea. "Before white contact, California had more linguistic variety than all of Europe. Today California Indian languages are indeed in the ultimate crisis in a life-and- death struggle," writes linguist Leanne Hinton "We may see ninety percent of these languages, or perhaps all of them, disappear in our lifetimes" (Hinton, 1994). This online presentation of California Indian Root Languages and Tribal Groups is to provide information to all who want to learn about California Indian Languages. Wednesday, May 30, 18
  9. 9. Dominant Colonial Narrative The Traditional Colonial narrative tells the tale of Indians, a homogeneous and ultimately ill-fated indigenous population Doomed by lack of resistance to disease Doomed by inherently violent culture doomed by their inability to adapt to change It is frequently the story of savage Natives attacking defenseless White|Spaniard settlers with no warning being defeated by a brave and outnumbered Army| Mission, then disappearing into the untamed, faceless West The Full story, inclusive of Native perspectives, is necessarily more complex Wednesday, May 30, 18
  10. 10. Sensitivity to projected narrative A common belief among those who are not of California Indian ancestry that California was a pristine wilderness before the arrival of European and American settlers peopled by small groups of indigenous Indians who subsisted by hunting gathering had minimal impact on the environment This Image of the California Indians As Primitives Living Hand-to-Mouth at the mercy of Nature or as Conservation-Minded Environmentalists whose Minimalist Interventions on the Environment served to guard Nature’s Treasures without despoiling them or changing them As Restoration and Ethnoecologist Kat Anderson Phrases it Has been perpetuated by early american scholars and environmentalists, including John Muir Wednesday, May 30, 18
  11. 11. In Fact, as Kat Anderson shows in her book - tending the Wild California Indians Were sophisticated stewards & managers of the landscape For centuries they practiced sustainable resource management through pruning harrowing sowing thinning Transplanting weeding irrigating digging selective harvesting most importantly intentional burning. Their management practices increased diversity of species & habitat maintained plant communities that otherwise would have disappeared. Wednesday, May 30, 18
  12. 12. WHAT IS A LAND ACKNOWLEDGEMENT? First and foremost we must recognize that non- indigenous people are occupying stolen land in an ongoing genocide that has lasted for centuries. We must affirm our responsibility to stand with indigenous communities who want support and give everything we can to protect their land and culture from further devastation; they have been on the front-lines of biocide and genocide for centuries, and as allies, we need to step up and join them. A Land Acknowledgement is a formal statement that recognizes and respects Indigenous Peoples as traditional stewards of this land the enduring relationship that exists between Indigenous Peoples and their traditional territories. Wednesday, May 30, 18
  13. 13. Why Acknowledge Land? Territory acknowledgement is a way that people insert an awareness of Indigenous presence and land rights in everyday life. This is often done at the beginning of ceremonies, lectures, or any public event. It can be a subtle way to recognize the history of colonialism and a need for change in settler colonial societies. However, these acknowledgements can easily be a token gesture rather than a meaningful practice. All settlers, including recent arrivants, have a responsibility to consider what it means to acknowledge the history and legacy of colonialism. What are some of the privileges settlers enjoy today because of colonialism? How can individuals develop relationships with peoples whose territory they are living on in the contemporary Canadian geopolitical landscape? What are you, or your organization, doing beyond acknowledging the territory where you live, work, or hold your events? What might you be doing that perpetuates settler colonial futurity rather than considering alternative ways forward for Canada? Do you have an understanding of the on-going violence and the trauma that is part of the structure of colonialism? Wednesday, May 30, 18
  14. 14. “If we think of territorial acknowledgments as sites of potential disruption, they can be transformative acts that to some extent undo Indigenous erasure. I believe this is true as long as these acknowledgments discomfit both those speaking and hearing the words. The fact of Indigenous presence should force non-Indigenous peoples to confront their own place on these lands.” – Chelsea Vowel, Métis, Beyond Territorial Acknowledgements As Chelsea Vowel, a Métis woman from the Plains Cree speaking community of Lac Ste. Anne, Alberta, writes: Wednesday, May 30, 18
  15. 15. Why Do We Recognize the Land? To recognize the land is an expression of gratitude and appreciation to those whose territory you reside on, and a way of honoring the Indigenous people who have been living and working on the land from time immemorial.  It is important to understand the long standing history that has brought you to reside on the land, and to seek to understand your place within that history. Land acknowledgements do not exist in a past tense, or historical context: colonialism is a current ongoing process we need to build our mindfulness of our present participation It is also worth noting that acknowledging the land is Indigenous protocol.  Wednesday, May 30, 18
  16. 16. Indigenous Protocol Protocol is the set of societal rules that members and visitors of a community respectfully follow in order to maintain peace and harmony within a nation or territory. Just as we have etiquette when we enter another person's house, we also have protocol when entering or living on traditional Native Californian lands. Some examples of Native Californian protocol include: acknowledgement of original lands and peoples at events and institutions as a guest, to bring gifts to Indigenous leaders at events, gatherings, etc. consult with tribal leaders when organizing events for or writing about tribal groups, history, etc. Wednesday, May 30, 18
  17. 17. Respectful Protocol RESPECT: Listen and observe twice as much as you speak. Humbly ask if you do not understand something. Give elders top priority— food, seating, space to speak, etc. ACTIVE EDUCATION: Familiarize yourself with the native communities of the place you reside. Learn their history, stay informed on current issues, and educate your community ACTIVE COMMUNITY BUILDING: show up at Indigenous-organized events/gatherings And spread the word. $upport Indigenous- led organizations, artists, educators, and activists ACKNOWLEDGEMENT OF NATIVE LANDS: a promise to amplify Indigenous voices, to stand in solidarity with the local Indigenous community, and to respect the local protocol for more info, visit usdac.us/nativeland Wednesday, May 30, 18
  18. 18. InfoGraphic from Acorn.wiki Minizine Wednesday, May 30, 18
  19. 19. Ohlone | Coast miwok Map You are looking at a map of original Ohlone and Coast Miwok village names While the numbers can be fuzzy, there are a little over 100 Native Californian tribes that are federally recognized. There are even more tribes that are NOT federally recognized Federally Recognized Tribes have rights to land free or accessible health care casinos scholarships other institutions that aid in protecting cultural aspects and practices such as language, religion, and arts Federally Unrecognized Tribes, including all Ohlone tribes and language groups (and many Miwok), have none of the previously mentioned rights. That means that across all Ohlone land, the sacred sites, Native peoples, and their cultures do not have federal protections, leaving the communities to advocate for themselves Wednesday, May 30, 18
  20. 20. “we are still here” Marc Nicely Wednesday, May 30, 18
  21. 21. Timeline of Colonization Wednesday, May 30, 18
  22. 22. References | Websites Cultural Teachings | Oral Traditions Links Acorn.Wiki Native-Land.ca sogoreate-landtrust.com unsettlingamerica.wordpress.com ebparks.org [Ohlone Curriculum] indiancanyonlife.org Wednesday, May 30, 18

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