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Introduction to French Language

Overview of the French language, Basics of the French Language, Alphabet, how to count in french, greetings..

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Introduction to French Language

  1. 1. BONJOUR!
  2. 2.  French is spoken as a native language in more than two dozen countries on five continents. Depending on your sources, French is either 11th or the 13th most common native language in the world, with 72-79 million native speakers and another 190 million secondary speakers. French is the second most commonly taught second language in the world(after English), making it a real possibility that speaking French will come in handy practically anywhere you travel.
  3. 3.  The United States was France’s leading investor, accounting for 25% of the new jobs created in France from foreign investment. There are 2,400 US companies in France generating 240,000 jobs. American companies with offices in France include IBM, Microsoft, Mattel, Dow Chemical, SaraLee, Ford, Coca-Cola, AT&T, Motorola, Johnson & Johnson, Ford, and Hewlett Packard.
  4. 4.  French is an official working language in dozens of international organizations, including the United Nations, International Olympic Committee, and International Red Cross.  French is the lingua franca of culture, including art, cuisine, dance, and fashion. France has won more Nobel prizes for literature than any other country in the world and is one of the top producers of international films.
  5. 5.  French is the second most frequently used language on the internet.  French is ranked the 2nd most influential language in the world.
  6. 6.  French is a Romance language, deriving from Latin and closely related to Portuguese, Spanish, Italian, and Romanian.  It is native tongue of over 87 million people and has an additional 68 million non native speakers.  In medieval times and until the 19th century. It was often the language used in diplomacy, culture, administration, royal courts across Europe and also in trade, thus appropriately becoming the lingua franca of its time.
  7. 7.  French-speaking people have made incursions upon the British Isles many times in the past, most noticeably in the Norman Invasion of 1066. for this reason, although English is a Germanic language, at least a third of the English lexicon is derived from French.
  8. 8.  In the United Nations, the Olympic Games, and the European Union, its official language of 29 countries and is spoken in: France, Belgium, Switzerland, Luxembourg, Tunisia, Morocco, Senegal, Haiti, Ivory Coast, Madagascar, the Congo, Algeria, Niger, Mali, Burkina Faso, Togo, Gabon, the Seychelles, Burundi, Chad, Rwanda, Djibouti, Cameroon, Mauritius, and Canada(mostly in the province of Quebec, where it is the primary language, but it is also used in other parts of the country- notably New Brunswick, which is the only bilingual province. All consumer product packages in Canada are required by law to have both and English and French labels.
  9. 9. ALLONS-Y! (Let’s go!)
  10. 10. …Vous vous resouvenez?
  11. 11. A /a/ J / Ʒi/ S /ɛs/ B /be/ K /ka/ T /te/ C /se/ L /ɛl/ U /y/ D /de/ M /ɛm/ V /ve/ E /ǝ/ N /ɛn/ W /dublǝve/ F /ɛf/ O /oh/ X /iks/ G / Ʒɜ/ P /pe/ Y /igrɛk/ H / aʃ/ Q /ky/ Z /zɛd/ I /i/ R /ɛr/
  12. 12. 1 to 10 Un 1 Deux 2 Trois 3 Quatre 4 Cinq 5 Six 6 Sept 7 Huit 8 Neuf 9 dix 10 HOW TO COUNT IN FRENCH 11 to 20 Onze 11 Douze 12 Treize 13 Quatorze 14 Quinze 15 Seize 16 Dix-sept 17 Dix-huit 18 Dix-neuf 19 vingt 20 Let’s talk about numbers.. Good news, the French observe mostly the same pattern like English (at least from 0 to 20). But then, it becomes quite technical and requires your math skills! But do not worry, with a bit memorization you will get used to that quickly!
  13. 13. 21 to 30 Vingt et un 21 Vingt- deux 22 Vingt- trois 23 Vingt- quatre 24 Vingt-cinq 25 Vingt-six 26 Vingt- sept 27 Vingt- huit 28 Vingt- neuf 29 31 to 40 trente et un 31 Trente- deux 32 Trente- trois 33 Trente- quatre 34 Trente-cinq 35 Trente-six 36 Trente-sept 37 Trente-huit 38 Trente- neuf 39 quarante 40 41 to 50 Quarante et un 41 Quarante-deux 42 Quarante-trois 43 Quarante- quatre 44 Quarante-cinq 45 Quarante-six 46 Quarante-sept 47 Quarante-huit 48 Quarante-neuf 49 cinquante 50
  14. 14. 51 to 60 Cinquante et un 51 Cinquante- deux 52 Cinquante-trois 53 Cinquante- quatre 54 Cinquante-cinq 55 Cinquante-six 56 Cinquante-sept 57 Cinquante-huit 58 Cinquante-neuf 59 soixante 60 61 to70 Soixante et un 61 Soixante-deux 62 Soixante-trois 63 Soixante- quatre 64 Soixante-cinq 65 Soixante-six 66 Soixante-sept 67 Soixante-huit 68 Soixante-neuf 69 Soixante-dix 70 So far so good, right? Well, it is getting more interesting now! See, in most French-speaking countries, there is no word for 70, 80, and 90. instead, for the numbers 70 to79, combine the tens with the tens.
  15. 15. 71 to 80 Soixante et onze 71 Soixante-douze 72 Soixante-treize 73 Soixante-quatorze 74 Soixante-quinze 75 Soixante-seize 76 Soixante-dix sept 77 Soixante-dix huit 78 Soixante-dix neuf 79 Quatre-vingts 80 81 to 90 Quatre-vingt et un 81 Quatre-vingt deux 82 Quatre vingt trois 83 Quatre vingt quatre 84 Quatre vingt cinq 85 Quatre vingt six 86 Quatre vingt sept 87 Quatre vingt huit 88 Quatre vingt neuf 89 Quatre vingt dix 90 91 to 99 Quatre vingt onze 91 Quatre vingt douze 92 Quatre vingt treize 93 Quatre vingt quatorze 94 Quatre vingt quinze 95 Quatre vingt seize 96 Quatre vingt dix sept 97 Quatre vingt dix huit 98 Quatre vingt dix neuf 99For numbers 80 to 89, you simply combine the number 4, the number 20, and the ones. For example, in French 80 is four 20’s, 81 is four 20s plus 1, and so forth.
  16. 16. Cent 100 Cent un 101 Cent deux 102 Cent cinquante 150 Deux cents 200 Cinq cents 500 mille 1000 Millions 1,000,000 milliards 1,000,000,000 When talking about large numbers in French, just follow the same formula. For numbers above 100, say the hundreds digit first, then the ones and then the tens. For example, 151 would be cent cinquante un (a hundred, fifty one)
  17. 17. Exercise =How do you write your name?= 1) Comment on écrit ton nom, s’il te plaît? (how/ you(general)/ write/your /name/Please?(inf) 2) Comment on écrit votre nom, s’il vous plaît? (how /you(general)/write/ your (pl. or Form.)/ name, please(form) RETURN THE QUESTION BY SAYING: -Et toi? (and you?-informal) -Et vous? (and you?-formal;can also refer to plural)
  18. 18. Jours de la semaine Mois de l’année Dimanche (Sunday) Janvier (January) = Février (February) Lundi (Monday) Mars ( March) = Avril (April) Mardi (Tuesday) Mai (May) = Juin (June) Mercredi (Wednesday) Juillet (July) = Août (August) Jeudi (Thursday) Septembre (September), Octobre (October) Vendredi (Friday) Novembre (November) Samedi (Saturday) Décembre (December)
  19. 19. BONJOUR! (hello) AU REVOIR! (good bye) BONSOIR! (good evening) COMMENT ÇA VA? (how are you?/casual) BONNE NUIT! (good night) BONJOUR! (good morning)
  20. 20. BIEN ET VOUS? (good and you?) MERCI! (thank you!) ENCHANTE(E) (It is nice to see you) JE VOUS EN PRIE! (you are welcome!) S’IL VOUS PLAîT! (Please!) A BIENTôT (see you later/soon)
  21. 21. JE M’APPELLE... (my name is) COMMENT VOUS APPELEZ VOUS? (what is your name?)
  22. 22. Quelle est la date aujourd’hui ? Aujourd’hui,c’est le____________, deux mille quatorze.
  23. 23. Quel heure fait-il maintenant? Il est _______ heures et _______ minutes
  24. 24. Bonjour ! Je m’appelle Sylvain et je suis philipin. Je viens de Davao. J’ai 23(vingt-trois ans. LA FAMILLE THIBAULT
  25. 25. LA FAMILLE THIBAULT Bonjour! Je m’appelle Henriette! Je suis philippine. Je viens de Davao. J’habite à Lanang! J’ai 20(vingt) ans.
  26. 26. LA FAMILLE THIBAULT Bonjour! Nous nous appelons Mr. et Madame Thibault! Nous sommes philippines. Nous avons 45 (quarante- cinq) ans. Bonjour! Moi, je suis Dwight. Je suis un chien.

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Overview of the French language, Basics of the French Language, Alphabet, how to count in french, greetings..


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