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Inspire Helsinki 2019 - Keynote Thorsten Reitz

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The Inspire Helsinki 2019 event brought together around 170 people from 29 countries to foster discussion and new ideas on how to realise the full potential of spatial data. The three-day event featured data challenges, practical hands-on workshops and future-oriented keynote presentations. The event was summed up in a panel discussion, in which perspectives on tackling remaining challenges were brought up.

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Inspire Helsinki 2019 - Keynote Thorsten Reitz

  1. 1. INSPIRE 2030: A Successful Open Platform Thorsten Reitz CEO & Co-founder, Wetransform @tr_xsdi Inspire Helsinki 2019 Keynote 24.10.2019 #inspirehelsinki2019
  2. 2. www.wetransform.to#2 INSPIRE 2030: A Successful Open Platform
  3. 3. www.wetransform.to#3 INSPIRE 2030: A Successful Open Platform
  4. 4. www.wetransform.to#4 INSPIRE 2030: A Successful Open Platform
  5. 5. www.wetransform.to A brief intro to wetransform #5 INSPIRE 2030: A Successful Open Platform
  6. 6. www.wetransform.to Who are we and what do we do for you? #6 - Begin of Operations 03/2015 - Located in Darmstadt at the Fraunhofer IGD - More than 50 customers, 2.500+ Users - Data harmonisation services (modelling, ETL) - Open Source ETL Tool (hale studio) - Open Platform Solutions for INSPIRE and other data infrastructures (hale connect) INSPIRE: Time for Action! Simon Thorsten Eleazar Sven Florian Akshat Johanna Kate ChristopherClaudia
  7. 7. www.wetransform.to Our Values #7 Mission: We make our customer’s data truly interoperable and more valuable. - We continuously grow as a team through open communication and by sharing problems and knowledge. - Through finding the right solution, we ensue happy and satisfied customers. - We build an organisation that integrates personal and professional diversity and encourages functions to work together. - At wetransform, everyone knows what we do for our customers and how they contribute to that. - We simplify complex aspects of the work of our customers through creative solutions. - We connect domains through our commitment to open standards and infrastructures. INSPIRE 2030: A Successful Open Platform
  8. 8. www.wetransform.to Why wetransform? #8 - „Make Open Standards work“ - Improve Design and Implementation of Standards - Effective Data infrastructures - Next Generation of ETL tools INSPIRE 2030: A Successful Open Platform
  9. 9. www.wetransform.to What is an open platform? … and what will make it successful? INSPIRE 2030: A Successful Open Platform#9
  10. 10. www.wetransform.to What is a Platform Model? #10 Platforms enable Demand-driven Growth Leverage underutilized resources - AirBnB – Apartments - Uber – Private Cars - INSPIRE – Geospatial data? Platforms provide value units of at least one type: - AirBnB – Apartment Rental - Amazon – Article that can be bought - LinkedIn – Job Posts, Profiles, Group Posts - INSPIRE – Spatial Datasets? INSPIRE 2030: A Successful Open Platform
  11. 11. www.wetransform.to#11 Platforms are usually two-sided or multi- sided marketplaces, such as Amazon - Platform owner - Sellers - Buyers - Partners - One organization can take multiple roles INSPIRE 2030: A Successful Open Platform
  12. 12. www.wetransform.to Value Generation in Platforms #12 Platforms provide value to all actors, but there are also… - Positive Externalities: - ParkNow - Lower environmental disturbance due to less park space search - Negative Externalities: - AirBnB – Noise and disturbance for neighbors, value of property goes down - Uber – Taxi drivers lose income Source: https://www.theguardian.com INSPIRE 2030: A Successful Open Platform
  13. 13. www.wetransform.to Balancing value capture in Platforms #13 Platform value capture needs to be balanced well - Example Uber: Most risks and costs lie with drivers, some with passengers, basically none with the platform operator Source: https://www.telegraph.co.uk INSPIRE 2030: A Successful Open Platform
  14. 14. www.wetransform.to Characteristics of Platform Markets #14 - Network effects - Winner takes all tendencies - Dynamics between roles - Same-Side effects - Cross-side effects Indicators for disruption of a market by platforms: - Information Intensive - Unscalable Gatekeepers - Highly Fragmented - Information Asymmetries INSPIRE 2030: A Successful Open Platform
  15. 15. www.wetransform.to Government (Spatial) Data Platforms #15 Partial disruption due to regulatory capture - Open Street Map - Private Data acquisition companies Existing Platforms are still fragmented, with little consolidation so far - Every Data Provider has their own Platform? - How many users are there actually to that platform? Platform Data Provider Data User INSPIRE 2030: A Successful Open Platform
  16. 16. www.wetransform.to Closed versus open platforms #16 INSPIRE 2030: A Successful Open Platform ̶ Operator Monopoly ̶ Dependency to platform ̶ Low data ownership/control ̶ Compliance risks ̶ Unbalanced value capture Fully Centralized Fully Distributed ̶ Ineffective operations ̶ Ineffective usage (interop/performance issues) ̶ Low tool re-use ̶ Low process re-use ̶ Low value capture overall + Highly effective operations + Highly effective usage + Maximum tool & process re-use + Maximum data ownership/control + Operator independency + Control over compliance
  17. 17. www.wetransform.to New Architectures for open platforms #17 INSPIRE 2030: A Successful Open Platform solid social linked data Source: https://ruben.verborgh.org/blog/2017/12/20/paradigm-shifts-for-the-decentralized-web/
  18. 18. www.wetransform.to Platforms vs. Data Ecosystems #18 Platform (Open) Data Ecosystem Static Dynamic Centralized, Homogeneous Distributed, Heterogeneous Closed Open Technology Focus Governance Focus Elite usage (expert data scientists) Democratisation (Share, Self- Service) Based on: https://tdwi.org/articles/2017/04/11/4-recommendations-for-a-modern-data-ecosystem.aspx Source: https://theodi.org/article/creating-ecosystem-maps-for-open-data/ INSPIRE 2030: A Successful Open Platform
  19. 19. www.wetransform.to INSPIRE – An Open, Distributed Platform Model #19 A set of open standards creates a distributed, open platform - Reasonable use conditions - Use-specific license costs - Non-Discriminatory access - No controls over participation - No insurmountable technical hurdles INSPIRE Data Provider Data User Service User Data User Service User Data Provider Data Provider Data Provider INSPIRE 2030: A Successful Open Platform
  20. 20. www.wetransform.to Maturity of SDIs as Data Platforms SDI Dimension accessible usable useful Specification • International: INSPIRE • National: GDI-DE • Regional: GDIS • International: INSPIRE • National: GDI-DE • Regional: GDIS • Defined use cases/stakeholders • Optimized content/delivery • Prioritisation Implementation • Metadata • View & Download Services • Realtime APIs (STA) • Interoperable Data sets • Validated Data sets • Extensions • Object-centric UX (Linked Maps) • Analytic APIs • AI/BI Data Optimization Maturity Annex I + II National Level Annex III National Level Annex I, II, III State Level Annex I, II, III Municipal Level #20 INSPIRE 2030: A Successful Open Platform
  21. 21. www.wetransform.to Usable, Standardised Data → Standardised Processes #21 Today (Fragmented): In the future (Platform on Platform): + Effective Tool Development + Faster distribution of process enhancements + Lower Costs INSPIRE 2030: A Successful Open Platform
  22. 22. www.wetransform.to INSPIRE Value Generation: An Example #22 Value Units App Sale Externality + Cleaner Beaches INSPIRE 2030: A Successful Open Platform Subscription Integrations Platform Operator Data License Feedback Data Provider Easy Planning Feedback Vacationer Vacationers Control Holiday Area - Concentration + Improved Infrastructure
  23. 23. www.wetransform.to What Challenges is INSPIRE facing? #23 INSPIRE 2030: A Successful Open Platform
  24. 24. www.wetransform.to Increasing Connectedness - Challenges #24 Complexity Volume Use Cases INSPIRE 2030: A Successful Open Platform
  25. 25. www.wetransform.to Increased Connectedness with Open Standards #25 (Open) Standard High Risk Expensive Slow Mismatches Over- and Underspecification INSPIRE 2030: A Successful Open Platform
  26. 26. www.wetransform.to Solving the challenges #26 (Open) Standard Low Risks Cost effective Fast & Agile Interactive and iterative development, re-useable solutions Data-driven design for better standards INSPIRE 2030: A Successful Open Platform
  27. 27. www.wetransform.to Transparent and effective Maintenance #27 INSPIRE 2030: A Successful Open Platform …to keep INSPIRE specs up to date and relevant. Observations: - Bugfixes in specifications often take a very long time to get resolved - Unclear overall prioritisation - Adoption of new standards and technology is slow Potential Solutions: → Roadmap of development → Versioning of schemas and other specs → Move to GitHub as done for 2017.2 work
  28. 28. www.wetransform.to Make Compliance easier… #28 …while enhancing usability and usefulness Observations: - Compliance is a moving target - There is no single, fully integrated, formal testing suite to indicate compliance - Flexibility/Variability vs. Compliance & Interoperability Potential Solutions: → Central, stable compliance criteria → Versioning of compliance rules → True data-driven compliance testing → Fitness for Purpose improvements INSPIRE 2030: A Successful Open Platform
  29. 29. www.wetransform.to Better Harmonisation #29 INSPIRE 2030: A Successful Open Platform …to lower the entrance hurdle for data providers. Observations: - Many organisations still don‘t harmonise their data (perceived difficulty, limited direct usefulness) - Gaps in specifications decrease (semantic) interoperability Potential Solutions: → More & Better Code Lists/Taxonomies → More Sharing & Re-Use of harmonisation projects → Increased adoption of regional/national standards → Higher automation and data-driven optimization Minerva Intelligence ACE wetransform hale connect
  30. 30. www.wetransform.to Re-Use and Automation #30 INSPIRE 2030: A Successful Open Platform
  31. 31. www.wetransform.to Full Harmonisation: Alexa, Transform! #31 INSPIRE 2030: A Successful Open Platform „New component found" „Analysing data source in new component" "Applying Autotransform to integrate data source"
  32. 32. www.wetransform.to Ensure robust, effective infrastructure #32 Data and Usage Volume ImplementationandOperatingCosts SaaS Open Source Extension PS Custom Extension FS In some scenarios more than 75% difference! INSPIRE 2030: A Successful Open Platform
  33. 33. www.wetransform.to Enable European SMEs/Start-Ups to contribute fully #33 …to bring innovation to INSPIRE Observations: - Procurement costs and duration - Selection criteria - De-Facto Monopolies - Ordering Services instead of Solutions Potential Solutions: → Innovation procedure types → Partnerships with Start-Ups → Up-Front contracts → Long-term partnerships instead of transactional business INSPIRE 2030: A Successful Open Platform
  34. 34. www.wetransform.to Enable Solutions #34 INSPIRE 2030: A Successful Open Platform …to build an ecosystem of INSPIRE-based apps and professional tools Observations: - Mismatch Data <> GIS - Mismatch current data users <> future data users Potential Solutions: → Provide Libraries to create news types of visualisations from INSPIRE data → Fully leverage Linked Data and Object Oriented Data → Provide Adaptive Data Services and other APIs to make data accessible
  35. 35. www.wetransform.to INSPIRE in 2030: The Architecture #35 INSPIRE 2030: A Successful Open Platform Default Encoding Additional & Alternative Encodings Network Services, specific APIs Solutions Core Data Specifications Extensions Related Models Optimized Data Clients (Web, Mobile, Pro)
  36. 36. www.wetransform.to Leveraging other Standards #36 INSPIRE 2030: A Successful Open Platform XPlan XBau SOSI NEN3610 eCH 0118 3A/NAS ISYBAU CityGML Green Building IFC GeoSci ML IFCTN-ITS AIXM … SoilML
  37. 37. www.wetransform.to What will INSPIRE 2030 enable us to do? INSPIRE 2030: A Successful Open Platform#37
  38. 38. www.wetransform.to#38 INSPIRE 2030: A Successful Open Platform From INSPIRE implementation… 1.000 Private Companies 9.000 Mapping Authorities 2.600 Environment Agencies …to a central Platform for Reporting. Air Quality Reporting Natura 2000 Water Framework Directive FHH- Directi ve CDDA UVP Directi ve Noise Energy Efficien- cy IED
  39. 39. www.wetransform.to XÖV Standards Data: The Fifth Freedom #39 INSPIRE 2030: A Successful Open Platform DE: Online- zugangs- gesetz 2003 Public Sector Information Directive 2019 Open Data Directive “All public sector content that can be accessed under national access to documents rules is in principle freely available for re-use. Public sector bodies are not be able to charge more than the marginal cost for the reuse of their data, […] . This will allow more SMEs and startups to enter new markets in providing data-based products and services. A particular focus is placed on high-value datasets such as statistics or geospatial data. ”
  40. 40. www.wetransform.to Major societal/global challenges #40 INSPIRE 2030: A Successful Open Platform
  41. 41. www.wetransform.to Inform Public Debate with trusted facts #41 INSPIRE 2030: A Successful Open Platform
  42. 42. www.wetransform.to Example 1: Finnish Geospatial Platform #42 Direct and indirect benefits have been estimated to be ~550 Million in 2025 - Central, automated quality assurance for the regional authorities (“quality guard”) regional land use plans fit in with national schema etc - For building information, land use - Required fields for INSPIRE checked - Makes it easier to find data - Highest Benefit related to spatial planning data INSPIRE: Time for Action!
  43. 43. www.wetransform.to Example 2: Spatial Planning in the Netherlands #43 Spatial Planning Procedures based on Open Data with INSPIRE Extensions - Core business processes are migrated to INSPIRE services with model extensions - All data is published in a unified manner INSPIRE: Time for Action!
  44. 44. www.wetransform.to Example 3: Future Forests #44 INSPIRE: Time for Action! Using more than 10 INSPIRE Themes as well as AI analytics to match forest types to locations under changing conditions - Usage of 30+ INSPIRE data sets - Applicable to a wide range of forest owners
  45. 45. www.wetransform.to Example 4: Geohazards #45 Usage of the INSPIRE Geology Theme to identify geohazards and mitigation strategies - Unified vocabulary and data structures - Unified analysis method - Value added service for data providers INSPIRE: Time for Action!
  46. 46. www.wetransform.to#46 INSPIRE 2030: A Successful Open Platform Accept and Drive Change!

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