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Lecture Concert for Peaceful Unification on the Korean Peninsula (English)


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A Special Proposal on the Unification on the Korean Peninsula and World Peace, Made by Leaders of Eastern Europe who Led the System Change to Democracy

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Lecture Concert for Peaceful Unification on the Korean Peninsula (English)

  1. 1. Organized by The Institute for Advanced Studies in Levant Culture and Civilization (ISACCL) Hosted by HWPL IPYG Date 20 September 2018, 14:00-16:00 Location Sejong University Daeyang Hall A Special Proposal on the Unification on the Korean Peninsula and World Peace, Made by Leaders of Eastern Europe who Led the System Change to Democracy Lecture Concert  for Peaceful Unification on  the Korean Peninsula
  2. 2. - Present, Chairman of Institute for Advanced Studies for Culture and Civilization of the Levant - Present, President of Romanian Foundation for Democracy - 2014-Present, the member of HWPL Peace Advisory Council - 2011-2017, President of the Academy for Cultural Diplomacy, Berlin - 1996-2000, The 3rd President of Romania - 1992-1996, Rector of the University of Bucharest - President of the Baltic-Black Sea Forum - Founder of the “Dignity” Politosophy School - Founder of the Strategy Center for Humanitarian and Political Science - 2018-Present Member of HWPL Advisory Council - 1991-1992 First Deputy Prime Minister of the Russian Federation - 1991-1992 State Secretary of the Russian Federation - One of the authors and signators of the Belavezha Accords - Member of International Centre for Black Sea-Baltic Studies and consensus practices - President of the Foundation for Strategic Research and Development of International Relations “Lucinschi” - 2018-Present Member of HWPL Advisory Council - 1996-2001 President of Moldova - 1993-1997 Speaker of the Moldovan Parliament - 1992-1993 Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of Moldova in Russia   Lecture  Emil Constantinescu   Special Speech  Gennady Burbulis   Congratulatory Message  Petru Lucinschi S P E A K E R
  3. 3. A transcript of Former President Emil Constantinescu’s lecture. Where the audio recording of the lecture is unclear, ellipses or a notation that the recording was unintelligible are used. Honorable guests and dear students, First of all, let me express my deep gratitude for the invitation from Sejong University and from [unintelligible] the International Peace Youth Group organizer of this event, and my special thanks for cooperation with Institute for Advanced Study from Levant Culture Civilization from Romania. I am very happy to be here in Sejong University. I spent 60 years of my life in Bucharest University and other universities throughout the world. And I owe everything to the university. I am proud because my former graduate masters and PhD students are now professors in universities throughout the world, and researchers in different institutions throughout the world. The title of my lecture, today’s lecture, is “The Memory of the Suffering and the Pedagogy of Freedom.” I would like to begin with a confession. I was born in 1939. In that year, someone would have crossed the Eurasian continent from Tokyo to Lisbon from the Pacific to the Atlantic Ocean only state under civil of the military dictatorship. My family lived in that time in a town located in Dniester River of the Soviet Border. We were twice forced to take refuge from the Red Army alongside tens of thousands of people, and my first memories are related 01 Emil Constantinescu, the former president of Romania Lecture Concert for Peaceful Unification on the Korean Peninsula
  4. 4. 4 Lecture Concert for Peaceful Unification on the Korean Peninsula to this desperate exodus because those who failed to leave were mostly arrested and departed in Siberia. I lived until the age of 50 under dictatorship. In a country where people don’t have the freedom of movement, you could not leave the country, and you are forced to work and live in a particular place allocated by government- governmental distribution. A dictatorship that would only recognize state and collective ownership canceled all forms of rights, free expression and oversaw the personal life of every citizen by political police surveillance. I lived also through post-utilitarian transition where the social price was heavily paid. For those of my generation, democracy is not an abstract concept, and my situation that undermines democracy and prejudices freedom affect us deeply. The Second World War, which affected most Romania and Korea, called the death of more than 25 million soldiers and more. Over 73 million civilians caused huge economic losses and destruction of the world cultural heritage. The atrocities of the two wars, world wars in the first half of the 20th century proved to be insufficient to understand that peace cannot be strengthened only by managing frozen conflicts. The establishment of communism in Eastern Europe has led to the elimination of constructive competition, removal of free expression and emergence of an immoral form claiming to be a society where ideology replaces feelings. Three words also, interpretative slogans and freedom in general are replaced by constant terror. All these changes have defined the new face of Eastern Europe crisscrossed by a suffering of millions of people. The result of implementation of communism in Eastern Europe by violent means and bloody repression of anti-communist resistance. The removal of actual potential opponents was achieved through torture and re- education centers, extermination prisons, forced labor camps, political assassinations, summary executions, mass deportations. Amid the precarious peace secured during the Cold War by focusing on arms race, the
  5. 5. 5 Lecture Concert for Peaceful Unification on the Korean Peninsula price paid by the citizens of the communist states of Eastern Europe was extremely heavy. Millions of death, tens of millions of human life destroyed. When oppression, censorship, terror seem to ensure a small future for communism, the resulting hardship turned into true pedagogy of freedom thus building solid characters able to tear apart the status quo. The fall of communism was first of all an ideological collapse that repairs the political colors of dictatorship in most countries of former Soviet blocks. Culture played a fundamental role in this context. Parallel to the off icial speech, an underground speech was created, mean to denounce deception and falsity and to reject those who stop at thinking. The danger came from the intellectuals from their own countries displayed by member of the communist apparatus. The danger came through the war of the democrat intellectuals and through their writings in regard to dissemination through citizens of their countries taking surveys and censorship. The change took place when Mikael Gorbachev, new team, launched Perestroika – the economic reform – but especially Glasnost, the transparency meaning the freedom of communication. Dear friends, we have among us today in this room, one of the most important members of this team, of Gorbachev team, who urged for the peaceful transition to democracy. Petru Lucinschi, doctor of philosophy, who later became the chairman of the parliament of independent Moldova, and democratic president of the Republic of Moldova, and I salute his presence here. After the peaceful, peaceful change of the totalitarian regime in Eastern Europe, the first democratic presidents freely elected by the people were representative of the intellectual elite. Coming from academic milieu was very strange for the political history of the world. And remember, the famous first democratic president of Czech was Václav Havel, a very known writer. The first democratic president of Hungary was the president of a writers’ union. The first president of democratic Bulgaria was a
  6. 6. 6 Lecture Concert for Peaceful Unification on the Korean Peninsula philosopher from Sofia University. The first democratic president of Lithuania, Vytautas Landsbergis, was the president of the Academy of Music. The first democratic president of Estonia was also the president of the Academy of Music. And the second president of Estonia was the director and president of the University of Agriculture and was of special family, because this member of academic milieu, of intellectual elite was not interested in corruption, in their interests, or their family; they worked for their country and for their people, and for changing Europe, changing the world. The transition was not easy for those who experienced communism and had to leave to the post-communist transition period, nothing is more true and instructive than the reading of Exodus in the Bible. We understand from Exodus in the Bible best why it took 40 years for the Hebrew people to reach the holy land. What is the meaning of the worship of the golden calf, the temptation of collective debauchery, violence and treason, the need for the table of laws, and the punishment for failing to comply with the Ten Commandments? The historical memory appears to be the element explaining why citizens from former communist countries refuse to support totalitarian approaches regardless of the coat they are wearing. The pedagogy of freedom needs a memory of suffering because as is the case of health, we perceive the value of freedom only when we no longer have it. Debating the relationship between the democratic power and individuals’ freedom also targets a distribution of wealth. In a novel, The Karamazov Brothers, by the famous Russian writer, Dostoevsky, one of the characters named Ivan tells our Russia, that if people would be asking to choose between freedom and bread, many would choose bread. This is also the psychological foundation, when totalitarian regimes ground themselves in order to obtain a concession of obedience. A significant part of the population is formal communist countries continue to regret the times when they had fully paid by safe jobs. They lived in miserable conditions, but in houses received by government allocation and they were given minimum food rationed by cuts.
  7. 7. 7 Lecture Concert for Peaceful Unification on the Korean Peninsula But the most important psychological element s stoppi ng rebel l ion we re paradoxically the fact that everyone was equally poor and they did not feel humiliated one in relation to the other. The comeback of neo-communist party is based on this nostalgia. In the democratic societies with market economy from the Occident, freedom is followed by a chase after material goods that create significant differences between the rich and poor. This difference is not often correlated with the quality or quantity of work performed and with the contribution to the general welfare of the society. Many times these realities over hand you once who believe in the ideas of democratic principles in the western world, including us. Only throughout granted transparency is the governing process and the hidden relations governments have with corporations more affair governments can be rigid. That’s the experience of the communist regime which tried to alienate our natural, humanist, European vocation was paid at the cost of tens of millions of human lives. Freedom regained through sacrifice has created not only rights, but also responsibilities we gradually familiarize ourselves with in often difficult social and psychological conditions. The citizens of the formal communist countries have been deprived of all their rights, including their right to live for half a century. They are suffering and struggle lesson is for each of us a first step towards understanding the greater lesson of freedom and respecting each other’s freedom. The amelioration of the democratic conscious needs more time of adoption for democratic laws or institutions. Let us remember when the American system of power separation was exported to Latin America or South Asia it invariable led to totalitarian regimes until a democratic conscious was able to ensure to the function of a democratic institution was formed. Democratic culture is threatened at the beginning of the certain millennium. Also, by dominant post-modern culture, this seems to invalidate the appeal of ideas of European Union founding fathers. Political leaders, the same as ordinary citizens, seems to ignore the social significance of governance by trust, virtue, and moderation, essential moral values.
  8. 8. 8 Lecture Concert for Peaceful Unification on the Korean Peninsula Perhaps exactly a return to these values, given that the social cost of governance as supporting increasingly harder where society’s irreparably being divided between the privileged and the disadvantaged, would be a reconstruction tool for politics on other grounds. There’s a collectivism impulse during communism and the selfish individualism of promoting capitalism. Return to moral values could be an alternative to the careless of contentious attitude towards the needs and the requirement resolves treated only as a mass of waters or producers and consumers of goods and information. In the long run, for the survival of the quality of democracy, the essential factor is the democratic conscience of those who choose freely. I come back to the novel, the Karamazov Brothers. In this novel, Dostoevsky tells us that man prefers stillness and even death to the freedom of solidarity choice between good and evil. Nothing is more seductive for man that is freedom of conscience, but nothing is a greater cause of suffering. Dostoevsky wrote these lines in the 19th century, from the perspective of people who never knew individual freedom or democracy. One hundred years later, in December 1989, in my country, Romania, young people would demonstrate against the communist dictatorship in the university square in Bucharest. They did not ask for bread or for higher wages. They voiced free elections, freedom of the press, freedom – we love you, we die for you. And we will die and we’ll be free. My son, my daughter, my students were at that time in university square in Bucharest. At midnight, the repression troops went in with tanks against the unarmed demonstration, who did not threaten any governmental institution but offered flowers to the militaries, dozens of people were killed and thousands were arrested and tortured. Those arrested would have been killed too, as what happened five days prior in other university town, Timisoara, in Romania. If not half a million of Bucharest citizens would surround the next day’s tanks, and the symbol of communist regime, the incredible lack of fear, and the solidarity of people for the dictator to free, and freedom was gained. And in one of history’s bright moments,
  9. 9. 9 Lecture Concert for Peaceful Unification on the Korean Peninsula people were willing to die for the ideas, ideas of freedom and democracy. The experience of transition from the communist dictatorship to democracy in Eastern Europe represents a very rare case in the world history, the absence of any ravage. The survivor of the communist regime, repression, wanted nobody to suffer what they have suffered, and all the cities that were given the possibility to contribute to the democratization of the country. The situation is representative especially for Romania, where the bloody repression took place even in the last moment. The situation of Romania is interesting for the current events from the Korean Peninsula because we are also a nation living in two different states. After the fall of Soviet Union and the independence of Moldova, the relationship between Romania and new Republic of Moldova were very good without any disputes, especially during the term of President Luchinsky in the Republic of Moldova in the minor of Romania. Dear friends, it was our recent past. The answer regarding the future of freedom of democracy is the choice of each generation, and in the end, of each of us. This was the event was the experience of our transition from the communist dictatorship to democracy which I have tried to present to you sincerely as I have liked directly. Good or bad, you, the next generation, can decide what to choose to learn from it. But at the end of my lecture, I ought also to say what we Romanians can learn from the experience of South Korea, and what I have understood from my three visits in Korea over the last 24 years. I will use a single word that impressed me in all my visits in Korea: patriotism, an increasingly large sentiment in today’s globalized world and a huge first repair to solidarity of Koreans. Over the last three decades… And also, I want to share with you our experience in that spirit. Over the last three decades, we have secured our territorial integrity by integrating a donator. We secured the economy, we have economic security through European Union
  10. 10. 10 Lecture Concert for Peaceful Unification on the Korean Peninsula integration, and we have had the highest economic growth rating in the European Union for the past five years. But unfortunately, 100 years after the great union of Romanian [unintelligible] in the single state, we are disunited, differenced by different groups or individual political and social interest. We need to rediscover what unites us, our common goal. We need to redefine ourselves in the globalized world by what we are, and not what we have. Only this way, we can preserve our national identity and dignity respecting all other nations in the globalized world. Thank you for your attention.
  11. 11. Lecture Concert for Peaceful Unification on the Korean Peninsula Yesterday, the two heads of North and South Korea, two divided nations, signed a historical joint statement. Through their signatures, they pledged to take action to eliminate war risks in the disputed area, including the demilitarized zone. I saw the joint statement as the right thing to do at the right time. Peace culture starts with the strength and determination to throw away the countless prejudices that each individual holds in their thoughts. We must rid jealousy, envy, and anger that is rooted in our hearts. Creating a peace culture is a difficult road we must travel until peace becomes stabilized, but at the same time, it will help people to find inner harmony and to fit their lives to the stars in the sky and to the work of humanity. A culture of peace most deeply forms within the university community. That’s why it is such a pleasure to be here at a university, speaking to all of you today. Universities help to form a person’s value system and is a place that holds great value in terms of moral and spirit. Students learn dignity and as an intellectual, and as a citizen, find ways and build power according to their instinct for community freedom. Students create new values and rules and become a new person, so without universities we have no future nor chances for development. It’s great to have the community of universities working together to inspire each other with a sense of duty, to think about said duty, and to bring millions of people who have yet to give up their prejudices in their thoughts and perceptions. This is the strategy that the I, myself, as well as former president Constantinescu and Lucinschi are aiming for at the International Centre for 02 Gennady Burbulis, the former state secretary of Russia Lecture Concert for Peaceful Unification on the Korean Peninsula
  12. 12. 12 Lecture Concert for Peaceful Unification on the Korean Peninsula Black Sea-Baltic Studies and Consensus Practices. Regardless of age, position, or field, the work that we are doing will play a pivotal role in actualizing peace through the power of communities. And I believe that actualization of peace within communities is very well reflected in the Declaration of Peace and Cessation of War (DPCW). We must think deeply about the value of creation and the meaning behind it. Peace should not just exist as a great goal, a beautiful dream, and a desire, but it should be a work that we work for everyday with our determination, efforts, and given talents. In order to fulfill this goal, we must look at this on a global scale, not on the scale of individual nations. As long as the foundation is still unstable, we cannot ensure the success of today nor tomorrow. This is why peace is so closely tied to dignity. I am sure that the DPCW needs to be and will be as historical as the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Every morning, I say Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights like a prayer. Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights states “All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.” From birth, we are equal in dignity and rights, and we have the right to live, to be peaceful, and to live in peace. We are approaching this mutual understanding and the goal of realizing a common peace. And at this time, Korea, my own country, Russia, the Baltic states, all European nations, and the rest of the world is heading towards a better future that we have long aspired for. Two-thirds of the DPCW’s 10 articles and 38 clauses say “the nation has the responsibility to~” “the nation must~” “the UN must~”. Through the DPCW, I thought to myself “our dignity can be preserved and valued when we realize our own obligations and live a consistent life with our respective duties and responsibilities, both mentally and physically.” As I finish my lecture today, I want to make a confession. I have lived without a religion all my life, and my family is also not religious. I am not part of any denomination, but I, Gennady Burbulis, signed the Belavezha Accords that ended the Soviet Union with former President Boris Yeltsin on behalf of 150 million Russians in the Russian Federation and as Russia’s
  13. 13. 13 Lecture Concert for Peaceful Unification on the Korean Peninsula deputy prime minister. Let us never forget that the exhausting and cruel history of the two empires ended in December 1991 and this decision has led to the peaceful dismantlement of the Soviet Union, the most brutal, cunning, and severe totalitarian empire in human history. This was only possible because at the most important and difficult moment, we followed the sound and reason of the soul, we were courageous, and we had a wise heart. I am confident that I can share this courage and wisdom from that time with all of you here. I believe that all of us will be used according to our talents and skills. I believe that harmony must be formed with the earth, the universe, and our spirits. I believe that we can create peace culture by keeping the value of ‘good’ and actualizing it in this divided world. Those who gave their lives for the greater good in the past knew their duty and they followed the words of “no matter the result, do the work you are supposed to do” like law. I want to believe that everyone here agrees that these words are not enough, and they are wrong in a sense. I hope the phrase that I am about to say will become a new law that will not only protect us but unite everyone who supports a culture of peace. “Do what you are supposed to do, and your dreams will come true. Your hopes will come true. What you believe will be fulfilled. It will be fulfilled without a doubt.”
  14. 14. Lecture Concert for Peaceful Unification on the Korean Peninsula Dear friends, the reason I am standing here is because we are all the messengers of peace. We are all convinced that the only condition to develop humanity is through realization of peace. This is my first time here at the Peace WARP Summit. I was very impressed by this event, and I strongly believe that if anyone wants to live in harmony for their children, parents, family and countries, one must put in their efforts to achieve it. I honestly tell you that at every international conference I attend, I raise this topic, the topic of peace. I am very concerned that over the past 25 years, the term ‘peace’ itself has gradually disappeared and was not mentioned from world’s political fields. We hear about national interests all the time. We hear about the fight against the climate, about the fight against terrorism, which is right and right for connecting people. But it is not possible to realize such things unless peaceful conditions are achieved. Europe, which united in the European Union, practically took this first step after the Second World War. It was really the leaders of Europe who were horrified that Europe has been the source of world wars over the centuries. By seeing such sufferings, such tragedies which started from one person and affected the entire nations, they said “We must do something, we must unite so that there are no more wars”. 03 Petru Lucinschi, the former president of Moldova Lecture Concert for Peaceful Unification on the Korean Peninsula
  15. 15. 15 Lecture Concert for Peaceful Unification on the Korean Peninsula And this was the beginning of the European Union today. Yes, there are some tensions, there are some moments of dispute, but there is no war in Europe. However, war is still ongoing in the world. And if the leaders of all countries do not understand the results of sufferings of people that are shown through the internet, radio, and TV – those whose shelters and lives are taken away due to hunger and tortures - There cannot be a development in humanity. It seems to me that, first of all, the leaders we elect must understand this fact. But, the question is, who are we voting for? How can a person who once was an instigator of wars be at a position of a leader of a country? This also means that the people have not yet developed a form of mechanism to prevent such people from becoming a leader of a country. It is because the leaders are the ones to start a war, and victims are the people of the countries. Therefore, in my understanding, first of all, it is neccessary to work out such tools that would put a barrier, to stop the nomination of such people. And in order to stop the leadership of such people, people must be united. Leaders must speak on behalf of the people of their countries. Like how we have seen recently from South Korea, if all people have their interests together, the leaders of countries cannot unleash a war. We all have learnt the history of wars in our countries. Take any textbook of any country, all heroes of any countries are wearing the military uniform. Well, of course, it is natural to honor the heroes of their countries. Yesterday I visited Suwon, Hwaseong, and someone explained that the King Jung Jo resided among his people at the time he was there. Also, I heared that he opened a banquet for his mother and invited the elders of the country to come. And this story is remembered by many people throughout the history.
  16. 16. 16 Lecture Concert for Peaceful Unification on the Korean Peninsula Moreoever, King Jung Jo said it was no good for a man to be on his knees before the King, But that it is enough to just bow your head. I now understand that bowing your head in South Korea actually came from King Jung Jo. Like so, if a leader shows good deeds first, and shares one’s will through peacful educations or cultures, it will remain in the people. This should be a way to carry out one’s role as a leader. Here we are with H.E Emil Constinescu, the former President of Romania, and my friend. We are from neighboring countries from the same root, and we speak the same language and share the same cultures. Of course, we do not allow the danger of a war between us, like how there is in the Korean Peninsula. Although there may be some restrictions, 20 years ago, we were able to establish such relations between our countries so that there is not a single conflict, not a single case of dispute. We agreed that we should create not only certain conditions to build our future together and to enhance the friendly relationship, but also to lead in such directions and pathways. And we succeeded. And I will say, despite the ongoing wars and conflicts between other countries, we succeed to avoid wars through cultures and educations. We know that South Korea ranks first in the world in terms of the number of people with higher education, 72%, I was told. And with my own eyes, I was able to witness the reality of the result of such educations during my stay at the WARP Summit. Throughout the whole period of the Summit, we saw joyful and friendly faces. I saw the faces who truly hope for the unification of the Korean Peninsula. I believe it is symbolic that during the WARP Summit, the meeting of the leaders of North and South Korea took place. I once said in one of my interviews that the head of the state must speak on behalf of his people in the country. The benefit of both North and South Korea, is through the unification.
  17. 17. 17 Lecture Concert for Peaceful Unification on the Korean Peninsula At least at first, they must remove a threat of war among themselves. If the two leaders of South and North Korea wish to be remembered in history, they must become countries that take their steps to achieve peace and abundancy through unification of the Korean Peninsula. I was deeply touched by the 4th Annual Commemoration of the WARP Summit. I believe that peace will be achieved soon, because the details of achieving peace are written in the Declaration, and I am convinced that peace is coming nearer and nearer. All there is left for us is to convince the rest of the heads of states and to implement the DPCW to the UN. In other words, it must be included in this agenda. We can achieve it. Dear beloved friends, life is beautiful. However for this beauty of life, we must fight everyday. There is nothing that we can achieve without efforts and trials. Nothing can be achieved without mutual communications and agreements. I want to congratulate all of you that such peace movement has begun by all of you. I said that the sun, rising from South Korea comes to the West. I hope the sun that has risen through this peace movement for cessation of wars will brighten up the darkness. I hope to brighten the darkened world that is still in its torture and sufferings. And let this day come soon, when we rejoice together, we will create and leave this global community for the future generations. Thank you.
  18. 18. Lecture Concert for Peaceful Unification on the Korean Peninsula HWPL Chairman Man Hee Lee and Romania’s former president Emil Constantinescu are presenting the MOU document signed between HWPL and the Institute for Advanced Studies in Levant Culture and Civilization (ISACCL). Notable guests who attended “Lecture Concert for Peaceful Unification on the Korean Peninsula” promised to work together for peace as they posed for a commemorative photo. HWPL Cultural Performance Group is giving a congratulatory performance.
  19. 19. Lecture Concert for Peaceful Unification on the Korean Peninsula Belavezha Accords led the way to the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991 and a peaceful system change to democracy in the communist countries of Eastern Europe. Former heads of state who are part of International Centre for Black Sea-Baltic Studies and Consensus Practices (Viktor Yushchenko, former president of Ukraine, Stanislav Shushkevich, former chairman of the Supreme Soviet and parliament of Belarus, Gennady Burbulis, President of Baltic-Black Sea Forum and the former state secretary of Russia) are explaining the Belavezha Accords that brought Eastern Europe’s peaceful system change to democracy. HWPL Symphony Orchestra and HWPL Concert Choir are giving a congratulatory performance.
  20. 20. A Special Proposal on the Unification on the Korean Peninsula and World Peace, Made by Leaders of Eastern Europe who Led the System Change to Democracy Lecture Concert  for Peaceful Unification on  the Korean Peninsula