www. shikahogh. am
Sh kahogh State Reserva was esmbüshed m
1958 by a denac- oI me ArmSSR Councal o!
'nnishvs (No P-341 01 13 September 1958) iH
order 1a c0nserve„ *šludy and rccover urvque
"ata and Luna of me broadienf lotesls cm [hc
ncrthem slopes DV : lw Mughrī Rug: : The
nesen/ e : s īotzsīed un the extreme south of
Armcrua un 'ne Kapan dnsmd o( m0 Syunk
Provmce (Ilvennglhwarei: 01 12137075 haand
compnssng the Shhahoçzh and Mmadzor
dzstrms its e| evahnns vary (rom 700 m above
sea leva? „sav nvermdc) up u: over ? U00 m on
(hc- Meghn Rrdgū SI' i-. ahogh Slam Rcsc-Nc- and
Pīane Grave Stutt- Sarunuary : we managed by
S? ” v-. ĒÜOQH Suve Renars/ e s: :s: nan-commevuaī
l*: ` -, ”c .
VšsáąåV s _
w. - alx! " . ē
J; [Lg „L” F* ,
The ciimate in Shikahogh is humid and warm due to the
isolatlng role df the Meghri Ridge which hinders
panetration of dry air masses from Iran, but reiains moisi
airfiows blowing from the Caspian Sea. Foothiiis and
middle heights are covered by dense broadieaf forests of
the Georgian oak. Caucasian oak and Caucasian
hombeam which are repiaced by subaipine meadows on
higher aiiitudes. Some parts of the Meghri Ridge are
marked by staep rodty massifs protruding through the
ierasts. Mean annual precipitation varies from 530 mm in
foothiiis to 850 mm on mountaintops. Secondary aiter›
forest meadows are limited due to low lniensity oi
'vu vu v v*
lÄ f 5.;
Flora of higher piants numbers 1074 species, 432 genera
and 92 iamilies. The main speeles grow in iorests:
Georgian and Caucasian oaks. Caucesian hombearn,
iieid. Beikan and Georgian maples. honeysuckies and
Others. Endemics include the Zangezur pear, Takhtajyarfs
blackberry. Transcaucasian snowdrop. etc. Shikahogh
Reserve is one oi 3 places in Armenia where the Tertiary
reiict. common yew. has still survived and ls the only in
southern Armenia location of the onenial beech grove.
The biggest in the Caucasus grove of the onental piane IS
located on the edge of the reserve within the Piano Grove
Sanctuary. Eighteen species of the reserve's Gora ara
listed in the Red Data Book of former USSR. including the
pomagranate, date-plum. stinking juniper. common iig. 6
species of orchirds and Others.
Fauna of Shikahogh Reserva is divorsa and composed oi
both European and Asian speeles. Insecis number about
1000 species of which 37 species occur only in the
reserve, 27 are rare. endangered or having limited
dislnbuiion. and 4 are extremely rare. Fish species are 6.
including the brook trout. Amphiblans are oniy 4 and
repuies are more numerous: 11 species oi lizards. 13
snakes and 2 tortoises. The spur~ihighed iortoise and the
Armenian viper are registered in the lUCN Red List of
Threatened Species. Ormthoiauna is representad by 135
soecies of bifdS. mostly r 1„
ioresl-dweiiing ones. oi which
the Caucesian black grouse
is listed in the lUCN Red List.
Mammaiian spscies are 37.
among which the Caucasian '
leopard. bezoar goat and
brown bear are listed in the
lUCN Red List.
For the conservation reglme. Shlkahogh Reserve and
Plane Grove Sanctuary are allowed only for ecotourism,
cultural, historical and scientilic/ cogniliva tourism. Local
environment ls rich in natural herllage. caves and ruins of
abandoned settlements. lortresses and churches.
Mountainous lerrain demands for good physical capacities
cl tourisls. Tours can be arranged for lndlviduals and small
groups (up to 5 persons in the Mlnadzor area and up lo 10
persons elsewhere in the reserve and sanctuary), on loot oi
horseback. The penod from June to October is the best for
visltations. Duration of each tour is limited to one day,
Overnight stay inside the reserve and sancluary is
prohibiled and arranged in local viilages
: l-: nl - Shilizhoglivlllage - yeiivgrove
Wsitorcentre in Shikahogh village
Medieval church oi Shikahogh village
Ancienl Settlement ol Karktor
Canyon of Shikahogh River
Tour duralion is about 8 hours. Meals and living are arranged
in the Shikahogh village.
_ļ_ I u o, Srasheii village - Narldil „and village-
` ' ' ` Plaiie Grava Sandim*:
Visitot Centre ln Shlkhogh village
St. Hrlpsime Churdl(17-18tl1 oenmnes). Srashen village
Oriental beech grove
Church (18-1901 centuvles) of Nerkln Hand village
Plane Grave Sanctuary
Tour duratlon Is about 8 hours. Meets and living ara arranged
in the Nelkin Hand village.
Sliiluliogli iiillagu - vnurhll -
rulns o! Kemaiib udeniem
Wsilor Centre in Shlkahogh village
Ruins oi Kemants setllemenl
Tour duration is about S hours. Maals and living are arranged
in the Tsav village andlortempoiary tenl camp in Kemants.
u_ _ ` Īsaviilllage-Kaaļursåte-mlns nlMam
Visitor Centre in Shlkahogh village
Ksaiur site: medieval church. salubrlous mineral spnng
Ruins of MBZTĒ seltlemenl
Tour duratlon ls about 8 hours. Meals and living are arranged
in the Tsav village.
nav village -rulnndsananlu settlement- This nookict was produced as pari ol the project 'Blodlverslty
Mtnidxoranl Prolechon and Community Development: lmplementmç
Ecoregianal Conservatiori Plan Targets in South Armenia'
“sim, centre m shikahogh Vmage The protect was implemented by WWF Ņomay and WWF Armenia
nav vmage wiln the financial suppon ollhe Nonivegian Government
Sananlu ancient setllement
Mtnadzoraroa: mins. church and virgin oakery
Tour duration is about 8 hours, Meals and living are arranged
in the Tsav village
"Shikahogh State Reserva" SNCO
Stirkahogn village, Syunik Province_ Republic olArnienia
Tel. , 0 374 (285 lū-Dö-āā
world Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) Armenia
Sarmeni Sir 96, Yerevan 0019. Armenia
Telliax: „S74 (10)52-47-12
E-mail afāce@wvdcaucasus. am
URL www paridaorg/ airncnia
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