Giovanni Dosi - Seminario 'Nuevos enfoques sobre políticas de innovación'

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Los días 13 y 14 de marzo de 2014, la Fundación Ramón Areces organizó con el Instituto de Estudios de la Innovación (IREIN) y el Foro de Empresas Innovadoras una jornada sobre 'Nuevos enfoques sobre políticas de innovación'. Contó con la intervención de destacados expertos internacionales como Luc Soete, rector de la Universidad de Maastricht; Julia Lane, del American Institutes for Research (AIR) de Estados Unidos; Giovanni Dosi, del Institute of Economics de la Scuola Superiore Sant'Anna (Italia); Daniele Archibugi, del CNRS y del Birkbeck College de la University of London; John Cantwell, del Rutgers Business School de Rutgers University (Estados Unidos); Jorge Katz, de la Universidad de Chile; Tom Hockaday, del ISIS Innovation de la Universidad de Oxford (Reino Unido), y Johan Schot, del Science and Technology Policy Research de la University of Sussex (Reino Unido).

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Giovanni Dosi - Seminario 'Nuevos enfoques sobre políticas de innovación'

  1. 1. Technical Change and Industrial Dynamics as Evolutionary Processes: Results and Challenges ahead Giovanni Dosi The new Agenda for Innovation Studies and its Policy Implications Madrid 13-14 March 2014
  2. 2. Some basic concepts and interpretations More in G. Dosi and R.R. Nelson , ‘Technical Change and Industrial Dynamics as Evolutionary Processes’ in B.H. Hall and N. Rosenberg: Handbook of the Economics of Innovation- Vol-I, Burlington: Academic Press, pp. 51-128, 2010 G. Dosi, Technical Change and Industrial Dynamics as Evolutionary Processes
  3. 3. Knowledge and organizational practices behind input/output relations G. Dosi, Technical Change and Industrial Dynamics as Evolutionary Processes
  4. 4. Complementary domains of analysis Technology as • knowledge • procedures • routines • artifacts G. Dosi, Technical Change and Industrial Dynamics as Evolutionary Processes
  5. 5. • Diversity of knowledge-bases across production and Innovation Activities • Diversity of sources of knowledge …. • Diversity of procedures by which knowledge is technologically exploited G. Dosi, Technical Change and Industrial Dynamics as Evolutionary Processes Evidence
  6. 6. The structure of technological knowledge: Technological paradigms • Selected physical/chemical principles and knowledge bases • Notions of artifacts (e.g. dominant design) • Specific heuristics (“how do we search?”, “where do we go from here?”, …) • Communities of practice G. Dosi, Technical Change and Industrial Dynamics as Evolutionary Processes An interpretative framework
  7. 7. Technological trajectories • Mapping progress in - product characteristics - efficiencies in input use • Relatively coherent “paths” (e.g. the famous Moore‟s Law) • Discontinuities in knowledge bases and “radical” innovations generally associated with paradigm changes G. Dosi, Technical Change and Industrial Dynamics as Evolutionary Processes An interpretative framework
  8. 8. Dimensions of technological paradigms • Opportunities of innovation • Degrees of tacitness / codification of knowledge • Cumulativeness in learning processes • Degrees and forms of appropriability of innovation G. Dosi, Technical Change and Industrial Dynamics as Evolutionary Processes An interpretative framework
  9. 9. Dimensions of technological paradigms • Organizational routines and organizational knowledge • Competencies and capabilities (or what does it mean to say that “firm X is good at doing Y...”?) • The combinatorics amongst elements of organizational competencies, routines and complementary assets • Organizational capabilities and the historical and vertical boundaries of the firm G. Dosi, Technical Change and Industrial Dynamics as Evolutionary Processes From the characteristics of knowledge to organizational practices …
  10. 10. • Industry specific regimes (e.g. “Schumpeter Mark I” and Mark II) • Sectoral taxonomies G. Dosi, Technical Change and Industrial Dynamics as Evolutionary Processes …All the way to sectoral characteristics
  11. 11. • Technological capabilities • Organizational forms • Efficiencies • Product characteristics G. Dosi, Technical Change and Industrial Dynamics as Evolutionary Processes Ubiquitous heterogeneity across firms
  12. 12. Driven by • idiosyncratic learning • entry • competitive selection G. Dosi, Technical Change and Industrial Dynamics as Evolutionary Processes Industrial evolution
  13. 13. Which relative role of these forces? Which dimensions and which shape of the ‘competitive landscape’? G. Dosi, Technical Change and Industrial Dynamics as Evolutionary Processes
  14. 14. The drivers [indeed not much progress over the last decade or more … A lot to be done ahead …] G. Dosi, Technical Change and Industrial Dynamics as Evolutionary Processes Diffusion processes
  15. 15. • in diffusion … • but also elsewhere … [ … ahead, at which level and when?] G. Dosi, Technical Change and Industrial Dynamics as Evolutionary Processes Path-dependency
  16. 16. • National and sectoral systems of innovation • (An emerging) evolutionary geography of innovation G. Dosi, Technical Change and Industrial Dynamics as Evolutionary Processes The institutional and spatial embeddedness of technological change
  17. 17. More on the challenges ahead G. Dosi, Technical Change and Industrial Dynamics as Evolutionary Processes
  18. 18. Technological and organziational innovation and, relatedly, Technological vs. organizational discontinuities G. Dosi, Technical Change and Industrial Dynamics as Evolutionary Processes
  19. 19. Formalizing a knowledge-procedure-centered theory of production G. Dosi, Technical Change and Industrial Dynamics as Evolutionary Processes
  20. 20. • Disentangling the opaque relationship between organizational practices and outcome … • Replicability within the organization … • Shielding organization - specific practices … G. Dosi, Technical Change and Industrial Dynamics as Evolutionary Processes Knowledge, organizational practices and performances
  21. 21. • From the statistical regularities to the models and back • The statistics / microeconometrics of evolutionary processes • Some crucial challenges - the status of replicator dynamics - „history friendly‟ models - ABM formalizations G. Dosi, Technical Change and Industrial Dynamics as Evolutionary Processes The properties of industrial evolutions
  22. 22. The underlying general ambition: offering an alternative microfoundation to macrodynamics G. Dosi, Technical Change and Industrial Dynamics as Evolutionary Processes

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