hep c-symptoms_5_common_differences_from_hepatitis_b


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Hepatitis C is a contagious disease that attacks the liver, and can be
passed on through contact with inf ected blood. Hepatitis C can be cured,
but if you’re not caref ul, you can be inf ected with the virus over and over

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  1. 1. st dt m m/hep-c-sympto ms-5-co mmo n-differences-fro m-hepatitis-b/ Hep C Symptoms: 5 Common Differences from Hepatitis B STD Tips Octo ber 3, 2013 Hepatitis C is a contagious disease that attacks the liver, and can be passed on through contact with inf ected blood. Hepatitis C can be cured, but if you’re not caref ul, you can be inf ected with the virus over and over again. T he dif f erence between Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C lies in the treatments, transmission methods, chances of reoccurrence and its window period. What is Hepatitis C? Learn more about another silent killer – hepatitis C – and see how this can be prevented. Research is ongoing to f ind out what the cure is, but of course it’s still best if it can be prevented altogether. Hepatitis C Overview Similar to the other hepatitis conditions, hepatitis C is a contagious disease caused by a virus that af f ects the liver primarily, namely the hepatitis C virus (HCV), which leads to inf lammation. It’s best to take note of any manif esting symptoms, since most of the people inf ected don’t show any signs – not until evidences of liver damage already show up. T here are cases of hep c worldwide, with some countries even reaching 5% and above. Unsaf e injections using contaminated equipment are said to be the main method of transmission in the af f ected areas. Methods of Transmission T here are several ways on how hepatitis C can be passed on f rom one person to another. Here are the viruses’ methods of transmission: Vertical transmission (f rom mother to child) Hep C transmission f rom an inf ected mother to her child takes place, but only in rare cases. It’s unclear whether the transmission takes place during gestation, delivery or both. Body changes and modif ications Hepatitis C risks are increased by tattooing; risks are said to increase two or threef old. Causes are said to be contaminated dyes, and/or improperly sterilized equipment. Shared personal items Blood-contaminated personal items such as toothbrushes, razors and manicuring/pedicuring equipment can bring exposure to HCV. Sexual intercourse T his transmission method is still being researched on, as there are studies saying that monogamous couples present no risk. It’s recommended then that people with multiple partners use condoms to avoid risks. Healthcare concerns Transf usion of blood products, blood transf usion and/or organ transplants that did not undergo HCV screening are at greater risks of inf ection. Hospital equipment is also pointed as one of the causes.
  2. 2. Hepatitis C Symptoms T here are varied symptoms between acute hepatitis C inf ection and chronic hepatitis C inf ection. T he incubation period f or HCV is two weeks to six months; at this period, inf ected persons rarely show any symptoms. Acute Hep C Symptoms Patients with acute inf ections exhibit mild and vague symptoms such as: Fatigue Nausea Decreased appetite Weight loss Muscle or joint pains Jaundice rarely takes place in hepatitis C acute inf ections. Chronic Hep C Symptoms Most cases of HCV exposure evolve into chronic hepatitis C. A chronic inf ection is described as having detectable presence of viral replication taking place f or at least six months. Signs of hepatitis C that has become a chronic inf ection include the f ollowing: Higher levels of liver enzymes Fatty changes to the liver Fatigue Upset stomach with appetite loss Increased tendencies to bruise or to bleed Dark yellow urine Jaundice Main Dif f erences between Hepatitis B & Hepatitis C Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C may have certain similarities, but they also have notable dif f erences. Both types of hepatitis attack the liver, which at times causes major liver damage. Both types can be transmitted f rom one blood contact to another. Both types are also treatable nowadays with medication; improvements are made all the time – this indicates that inf ected persons with either of the two types can live longer by implementing certain lif estyle changes. Both types also have the same methods of transmission which include needle sharing and use of inf ected medical equipment, vertical transmission, among others. However, there are important dif f erences between the two types of hepatitis virus. Read on to know more about those dif f erences. Vaccines and Treatment
  3. 3. Hepatitis B: Hepatitis B has a vaccine available that prevents you f rom being inf ected. Chronic inf ections however don’t have any def inite cure. A healthy lif e would still be possible; the virus may not severely damage your liver, yet you may need to undergo treatment to control damages brought about by the virus. Majority of the adults that get inf ected by the virus can have it cleared naturally, but children less than a year old who weren’t vaccinated will develop a lif elong chronic inf ection. Hepatitis C: In contrast, hepatitis C has no vaccine available, but treatments are available instead to cure inf ected patients. Up to 80% of patients can be cured depending on their acquired strain. T he remaining 20%, alternatively, clear the virus naturally during the f irst six months (acute phase), and does not develop chronic inf ections which still requires treatments. Window Period (timef rame between inf ection and detection through blood tests) Hepatitis B: Hepatitis B’s window period is eight (8) weeks. Hepatitis C: Detection f or Hep C can come as early as 3 weeks through a PCR test, and 12 weeks through an antibody test. Transmission Methods Hepatitis B: Hep B virus can be passed on when you have blood contact with an inf ected person, but risks are higher when the virus is passed on through body f luids – during sex, in particular. Hepatitis C: Hep C virus can only be passed on through having contact with an inf ected person’s blood. It rarely happens that hep C virus will be transf erred through bodily f luids. Chances of Reoccurence Hepatitis B: If a previously inf ected person successf ully clears the hepatitis B virus, the person will now be immune; you won’t get inf ected again. Hepatitis C: If a person has been diagnosed previously with hepatitis C and was able to clear the virus successf ully, this still does not indicate immunity; the patient can still be inf ected again, maybe with the same strain, or perhaps dif f erent strains at the same time.
  4. 4. The Bottom Line Both viruses are dangerous to handle, yet patients with a chronic case of hepatitis B has higher risks of death. Chronic hepatitis B can be managed and can be avoided with proper vaccination, but when obtained during adulthood – it’s manageable but not really curable. You can possibly be inf ected with chronic hepatitis C several times, but it’s already a curable disease. Majority of hep C patients could be cured with proper treatment. Hi and thanks f or visiting my blog. I am Emilia W. Crane. As a f uture gynecologist I am very concerned about increasing level of people inf ected with sexually transmitted diseases and low level of young people education in this f ield. So, in my blog I am trying to collect all usef ul inf ormation about prevention, symptoms, testing and treatment of stds. If you f eel anything should be added to the site or want to get more inf ormation on some topic, please f eel f ree to contact me via Facebook or Google+.