“HORIZON OF LAW”
Is One The
Mrs. Debashree Chakraborty
ITM University, Raipur
School of Law
Basic Function Perform By Law
Defending us from evil
Promoting the common good
Resolving disputes over limited
Encouraging people to do the
5 years’ integrated
course after 12th
after graduation in
Diploma or certificate
The LLB course is
regulated by the Bar
Council of India which
sets rules and
legal practice in the
specialization is done
at masters, M.Phil or
Bar Council Of India
(Part– IV), rules of
Lawyers work in a variety of fields which may
come under the bar or the bench.
There are the four major segments of legal
practice from which one can choose which to pursue a career in;
Private Practice: Involves working alone or with partners in a
firm to provide legal services to clients; some lawyers specialize in
one or more practice areas while others engage in general practice.
Public Practice: Serves low-income individuals, marginalized
groups and social causes; practitioners may work for advocacy
groups, including both areas civil and criminal cases.
Government Counsel: Governments hire lawyers for legal advice
and representation; lawyers directly employed by the government
may work for ministries, government agencies and crown
Corporate Counsel: corporations can employ lawyers as in-house
counsel; an in-house counsel works for a single company to advise
on legal matters related to its business activities.
Intellectual Property: intellectual property refers to the ownership rights
to certain kinds of creative endeavors; intellectual property law protects
ownership through copyrights, patents, trademarks and industrial design
Constitutional: branch of public law dealing with powers of the federal
government and the division of powers between the federal and provincial
governments; constitutional lawyers handle issues such as equality rights,
freedom of expression, security and democratic governance.
Corporate and Commercial: Deals with the formation and maintenance
of businesses; corporate and commercial lawyers handle contracts, liability,
mergers, structured financings and other business matters.
Real Estate: deals with the purchase, sale, financing and development of
land and buildings; real estate lawyers may work for developers, tenants,
investors, banks or corporations on matters relating to residential or
commercial real estate.
Criminal: governs crimes against the public and members of the public
(as opposed to civil litigation which deals with private disputes); a
criminal lawyer may work for the government as a prosecutor or
represent the accused person as a defense lawyer.
Environmental: legislation and regulations relating to the interaction
of humans with the environment; environmental lawyers deal with
matters such as air pollution, wilderness preservation and waste disposal.
Family: applies to legal relationships between family members; issues
in family law include marriage contracts, divorce, child custody, adoption,
wills and estate planning.
International: governs the interactions and relationships between
nations; international lawyers may be hired by national governments and
international organizations, or work in the private sector focusing on the
interpretation of treaties and related laws.
Securities: regulates the purchase and sale of securities (financial
instruments such as stocks and bonds); securities lawyers typically work in
law firms providing services to corporations and financial institutions or
for governmental commissions focusing on regulatory compliance.
Tax: deals with the taxes levied by different levels of government; tax
lawyers may advise corporations on tax strategies and implications of
business transactions, or counsel individuals on matters such as legal
wills and estate planning.
Immigration: federal laws control the entry of non-citizens into the
country; immigration lawyers assist clients in applying for entry, residing
in the country and becoming citizens.
Administrative: Branch of public law dealing with the relationship
between individuals and the government; regulates the power of
governmental administrative agencies and ensures fair implementation
and administration of laws
Labor and Employment: defines the rights and obligations of
employers, workers and union members; lawyers may advise
management, labor or government on issues such as employment
standards, workplace health and safety, and industrial relations.
Other Areas: in addition to the practice areas list above, there are
many other fields of specialization in the legal profession (Medical
jurisprudence (Forensic Science), Human Rights, Cyber Law, Mercantile
Law antitrust, entertainment, health, municipal, sports, etc.).
Legal advisor gives formal opinion regarding
legal documents and activities inside a firm
The legal advisors should find an opportunity to
endorse business transactions of a business firm.
They are employed by governments, big
companies, small companies and also private
Legal advisors are lawyers specialized in a
They are employed to prevent from any legal
Document Drafting Lawyer: Specializes in drafting
various documents containing agreements, terms and
conditions, case material, etc.
Legal Journalist: Covers crime beats, legal proceedings
in Courts, arbitration Courts, International Courts and
Academics: As a Teaching faculty could be appointed in
different government and private Educational Institutions.
Activist, Human Rights Advocate (Local, International
Human Rights Groups & Agencies, Government Agencies
Attorney:(Represent individuals and organizations in
law courts, start your own chamber or work for
established law firms)
Court Reporter: Media Houses, News Agencies,
Judge/Magistrate (Work in the bench and climb your
way to become a judge)
Legal Assistant/Paralegal: In Law firms, Agencies &
Legal Secretary: for Associations, NGOs etc
Company Secretary: in firms, medium and big
corporate organizations etc
Law Enforcement Officer: join the Police as an
Officer, the Military, Security Agencies such as State
Security Services etc
Private Detective/Investigator: If your investigative
skills are good enough start a private investigations
firm or work for one
Prisons/Customs/Immigration Officer: join the
Prisons, Customs or Immigrations Service as an Officer
“Is It the Right
Career for Me”
‚Ambrose Bierce in his Devil’s
dictionary describes a lawyer as
someone who is skilled in the
‘circumvention of the law’.‛
Every field of studies has a limited scope whereas the scope of
Law is unlimited.
Presentations with limited words can’t describe the ambit of Law.
India being Common Law country and emerging as competitive
market of the world, the prospects of Law is also reaching its
The knowledge of Law is beneficial not only to law professionals
but also to common man in protecting their Rights and knowing
SCHOOL OF LAW
colleges of law’
and flourish the
To fulfill noble