SlideShare a Scribd company logo
1 of 21
Download to read offline
Literature Review On Coffee
CHAPTER 2
LITERATURE REVIEW
2.1Coffee
Feria – Morales (2002), stated that coffee is one of the popular beverages in the world. Coffee drink is assumed to be a healthy alternative to
alcoholic beverages in social gatherings (Cristoram et. al, 2000). Coffee has been stereotyped as an adult beverage. In a study conducted by Asioli, et.
al, (2013), shows that the main motivations for iced coffee consumption are enjoyment and relaxation as well as energy and caffeine intake. The study
also found that the most preferred product is latte with low calories at the lowest price. This result indicates that there may be a market potential for
calorie reduced iced coffee product. Coffee gives consumers pleasure and satisfaction through flavor, aroma and...show more content...
They explored that higher eating frequency was associated with health and nutritional consequences. Consumers are very conscious about the
healthiness of the food. This statement can be supported by the study conducted by (Pawan et al, 2014) which found that young consumer in
Malaysia are very conscious of how much fat is in the food and carefully control the portion sizes of their food. They also reduce fat in recipes by
substituting ingredients and cutting portions. Coffee has both the highest and the most variable caffeine content among dietary products containing
caffeine. Huang & Dang, (2014) stated that a numbers of studies have suggested potential health benefits as well as risks regarding coffee
consumptions. The result is controversial in the sense that they are not at all conclusive, directly or indirectly. While coffee has been reported to
increase cardiovascular risk factors. Yet, some studies suggest a protective effect on the heart and decreased risk of stroke. Plus, other studies have
focuses on coffee protective effects on health issues like type 2 diabetes, Parkinson's disease, liver disease and obesity. According to Hewlett &
Wadsworth (2012) in longer term, tea and coffee may protect against Alzheimer's and Parkinson's disease although its withdrawal may be associated
with negative effects like headache and flu–like symptoms On the basis of available literature, this study can develop a
Get more content on HelpWriting.net
Research Study On A Literature Review Essay
4.2 Research Hypothesis Hypothesis Researchers almost never conduct a study in an intellectual vacuum; their studies are usually under taken within
the context of an existing knowledge base. It helps to lay the foundation for the study and also inspire new research idea. Hypothesis in other words
is an assumption for the research, the researchers organizes his or her ideas and critically thinks what could be the reasons for the stated research
questions; thinking of the reasons or possible causal is referred to as hypothesis. Generally hypothesis give cruel before the study starts and the results
of the study will be directed to confirm or reject the stated hypothesis. 4.3 Literature review: A literature review is a summary about previous studies on
the topic, Conducted at the same time as defining the research question Why conduct a literature review? –Helps ensure that your research is new
–Identifies what is known and not known about the topic –Helps frame the research question properly –Suggests potential research designs The
literature review outlines what is known about the topic, Identify what remains to be known about the topic and suggest how your research will help
advance knowledge to address the problem. This serves as the basis of your RATIONALE which justifies what the researcher does. With the reasons
above literature review helps me to up to date with nursing information which I use daily in my practices, I cannot deliver any services out from the
blue,
Get more content on HelpWriting.net
Essay Literature Review
Literature Review
The purpose of this research project is for you to create a scholarly piece of graduate–level research and writing, which conforms to APA format.
Competency in the APA format is required of all Business graduates of Liberty University, as set forth by policy of both the Graduate Faculty and the
administration.
You willresearch and write a literature review on a topic relevant to our course. What is a Literature Review?
"A literature review discusses published information in a particular subject area, and sometimes information in a particular subject area within a certain
time period. It has an organizational pattern and combines both summary and synthesis. The summary is a recap of the important information of...show
more content...
Introduction: Gives a quick idea of the topic of the literature review, such as the central theme or organizational pattern. Body: Contains your discussion
of sources and is organized thematically (see below for more information on each). Conclusions/Recommendations: Discuss what you have drawn from
reviewing literature so far. Where might the discussion proceed?"[iii]
What is a thematic literature review?
"A thematic review would have subtopics based upon factors that relate to the theme or issue.
Sometimes, though, you might need to add additional sections that are necessary for your study, but do not fit in the organizational strategy of the
body. What other sections you include in the body is up to you. Put in only what is necessary. Here are a few other sections you might want to
consider: Current Situation: Information necessary to understand the topic or focus of the literature review. History: The chronological progression of
the field, the literature, or an idea that is necessary to understand the literature review, if the body of the literature review is not already a chronology.
Methods and/or Standards: The criteria you used to select the sources in your literature review or the way
Get more content on HelpWriting.net
Literature Review On Suicide
Suicide is currently the 10th leading cause of death in the United States (Suicide and Self–Inflicted Injury, 2017). On average, 121 Americans complete
suicide each day (CDC Fatal Injuries Report 2015, 2015). The American people are living longer with advances to medical care and technology, yet
suicide rates continue to rise. According to the CDC, suicide rates have increased by 24% from the year 1999 to 2014 (Curtain, Warner & Hedegaard,
2016). Consequently, the suicide epidemic continues to grow with no clear path to prevention. This literature review was conducted using the Robert
Morris University Library online databases. Databases accessed include PubMed............., from the years 2000 to 2017. Overall, most the articles
obtained are...show more content...
Nursing Students and Mental Health Education Attending a nursing school is one thread that ties all nurses together. It is there when nurses' education
on mental health begins. The Quality and Safety Education for Nurses (QSEN) has set a skill standard that students will be able to demonstrate
effective use of harm or risk reducing strategies in their practice (Cronenwett et al., 2008). A phenomenology study on nursing students provided
multiple themes that spoke to the pitfalls in mental health nursing education. The themes included: development of fear of speaking to patients after
reading their mental status and behavior in the chart, expiernce of uncomfortable feelings when discussing suicidal ideation with patients that were not
forthcoming in assessment, and the obligation to meet the suicidal patient's needs (provide an answer) instead of providing a therapeutic interaction
(Scheckel & Nelson, 2014). A cross–sectional design study of nursing student's attitudes toward suicide prevention revealed half of the students
reported felt comfortable assessing suicide risk and had a positive attitude towards working with suicidal patients. At the same time, two–thirds of these
students reported they do not believe suicidal patients tell anyone about their ideation and that there is little that can be done on a prevention level
Get more content on HelpWriting.net
Literature Review Of Literature On Depression
Literature Review
Depression is a mental health issue and is defined as a "mood disorder characterized by persistently low mood and feeling of sadness and loss of
interest" (MacGill, 2017, p.2). It is a persistent issue with the average length of a depressive episode lasting anywhere from six to eight months
(MacGill, 2017). Everybody at some point in their life feels depressed but depression itself as a diagnosis is more than having a bad day or being in a
bad mood. Steadman's medical dictionary defines depression as, "a temporary or chronic mental disorder characterized by feelings of sadness,
loneliness, despair, low self–esteem, and self–reproach; accompanying signs include psychomotor retardation or less frequently agitation, withdrawal
from social contact and vegetative states such as loss of appetite and insomnia" (p.462). This definition alone gives evidence that the problem facing
M.P. could be depression as she has been disinterested in intimacy with her husband, cries often and is having difficulty focusing in order to complete
simple tasks.
Depression can be further broken down into several different types such as: major depressive disorder, dysthymic disorder, postpartum depression,
psychotic, bipolar and seasonal affective. It is important to understand that depression does not look the same on every individual and that there are
different forms of depression that affect people. For the purposes of this literature review in relation to the case study on M.P. the focus will be on
major depressive disorder and depression with psychotic features. According to the National Institute of Mental Health (2016) major depressive
disorder is a serious mood disorder with symptoms that have a significant impact on a person's affect, cognition, sleep hygiene, appetite, and activities
of daily living. For a diagnosis to be made these presenting symptoms must be ongoing for a minimum of two weeks. Furthermore, psychotic
depression "occurs when a person has severe depression plus some form of psychosis, such as having disturbing false fixed beliefs (delusions) or
hearing or seeing upsetting things that others cannot hear or see (hallucinations). The psychotic symptoms typically have a depressive
Get more content on HelpWriting.net
Literature Review On Climate Change
Chapter 3: Literature Review on Climate Change
Climate change can be defined as a significant change in the "average weather" of any given region sustained in the long–term and can be caused by
Earth 's dynamic processes, external forces including variations in sunlight intensity, and also by human activities (USEPA, 2014).
The burning of fossil fuels such as coal and oil, and deforestation over the last 200 years has caused the concentrations of heat–trapping "greenhouse
gases" to increase significantly in our atmosphere. These gases prevent heat from escaping to space. Greenhouse gases are necessary in our lives as
they help in keeping the planet 's surface warmer than it would otherwise be. But, as the concentrations of these gases continue to increase in the
atmosphere, the Earth 's temperature is climbing above past levels (USEPA, 2014).
It has been observed through various researches that in the last century, average temperatures across the globe increased by over 1.3В°F with an
increase of more than two times in the Arctic. (Bates, Kundzewicz, Wu, & Palutikof, June 2008). The results ofclimate change can also be seen in
changing precipitation patterns, increases in ocean temperatures, changes in the sea level, and acidity and melting of glaciers and sea ice (USEPA,
2014).
3.1 Climate Change and Water
In the water sector, which is a special concern for this research, it is predicted that the water supply conditions in all regions and sectors in the world
are likely
Get more content on HelpWriting.net
What Is Literature Essay
Charmine J. Cramales
BS Math II
Lit 3 10:30 – 12:00
What is Literature?
Poems, novels, and stories; these are some of the things that first came to my mind upon pondering on the question 'What is Literature?'. And just
lately I have known that literature also includes songs, speeches, plays, and many others in written and spoken forms. I have also known that things
that are produced out of creative imagination can be referred as literary works which are the ones that comprise literature. Considering this description
of what literature is, the coverage of literature seems very puzzling. If literary works are those produced out of creative imagining, then it would
directly point to fictional works. But then, there are also...show more content...
Take for example the views of two individuals coming from different places on anovel based on the culture of one. It would likely be the same if their
culture and beliefs are quiet related but if not, then they would surely have different understandings on certain parts of that novel. Hence, defining
literature as those considered by people as 'literature' is questionable.
Eagleton also associated literature as any kind of works which are valued highly by people. But then again, since people may have different
perceptions on things, one may value highly a certain work while another person may consider it just as a plain writing. As stated by Ms. Pinzon, a
literature professor, a personal letter can be an example of this. The recipient of the letter can be expected to really value the letter while her classmate
may not. Hence, this can't define literature as a whole.
Then, what really is literature? Many great critics have tried formulating a fixed definition of literature but have failed to do so. In the rise of every
possible definition of what literature is, counter arguments also rise.
Literature, though it seems impossible to enumerate everything it covers, play an important role in every individual's life. One can influence using
literature or be influenced by it. Examples of these are the novels made by our very own national hero, Jose Rizal – the Noli Me Tangeri and El
Filibusterismo. During his time, Rizal has
Get more content on HelpWriting.net
Example Of Literature Review
Literature review is a published document on a topic by accredited scholars and researchers. Literature review can be a theory which supports your
research or your theory. Example of literature review is published document, government policy, international journal, a research which was conducted
related to the topic, etc. There are two kind of important literature related to my hunch. Both of them are:
1.A research entitled "The Effectiveness of Cooperative Learning in Enhancing Speaking Skills and Attitudes Towards Learning English"
a.Introduction:
Language is a human system of communication so that it should be spoken and used to communicate. Language is used to communicate with other so
that the person whom talks to can understand what...show more content...
The review of the theory is:
a.The Definition of Cooperative Learning
The three important features of Cooperative Learning
First, cooperative learning is a kind of group work. Learners have to work together in small groups between two and six members.
Second, learning is structured to ensure that everyone in the group is able to fulfill the learning task.
Third, students have to be dependent on each other to achieve their learning goals.
b.Student Team Learning
–"Students work together in four member teams to master material initially presented by the teacher."
–There are three elements which are central to all Student Team Learning methods namely team rewards, individual accountability, and equal
opportunities
a.Team rewards means if students are rewarded for doing better than they have in the past they will be more motivated to reach than if they are
rewarded for doing better than others.
b.Individual accountability means that the success of a team relies on the learning of every individual in all team members.
c.Equal opportunities mean that students can contribute to their teams by improving over their past performance.
c.The Theoretical Base of Cooperative
Get more content on HelpWriting.net
Literature Review On Self Determination
1.INTRODUCTION
The main objective of this review is to critically analyze and synthesize the self–leadership literature and the study seeks to answer the question–
whether self–determination is key requirement in workplace or not? To scrutinize this, all the eminent scholars, their key findings and the main issues
relating to the topic are identified. The elements of self–determination continuum, namely, Intrinsicmotivation, Extrinsic motivation and amotivation
have also been explained. The current state of the research is examined, and the further research recommendations are also included. I have chosen
this theory because I felt this applies to me more aptly than other theories like flow theory and psychological theory. I see myself as a self–determined
person whenever I take up a job and get myself motivated by both inner factors and outer factors
2.Background
Self determination is one of the most significant concepts in the modern–day business world. With over 40 years of research on Self–determination
theory, there has been increase in the number of top business leaders, executives and academics who value Self–determination for effective leadership
and this theory has become grand theory of optimal functioning and human motivation. Apart from workplace and business field, this theory has been
applied to other domains as well including education, parenting, exercising and relationships.
Literature review
1.According to (Olafsen, 2015),Self–determination theory is a human motivation theory that emphasizes on human behavior and integral beliefs or
values. It focuses on the interpersonal environment of the workplace in which motivation plays a vital role in motivating the employees towards their
working role so that they can achieve the goals in an effective and efficient manner. Self–motivation is one of the most significant factors that can boost
the energy of an individual and make them passionate towards performing their role, which ultimately helps in gaining the success. Self–determination
theory also depicted the relationship between needs and satisfaction of an individual. Moreover, it provides a support system to the people in which
reward, bonuses and other motivational factors a present. These
Get more content on HelpWriting.net
Rationale For Literature Review
Discussing the rationale for literature review to demonstrate its significance in research.
The literature review is mostly regarded as being an essential part of student projects, research studies and dissertations. This essay examines the
reasons for the importance of the literature review, its rationale in demonstrating the significance in research, and the things which it tries to achieve. It
also outlines the main strategies which you can use to write a good literature review. The essay will also analyze the advantages of literature review,
the different types of literature review and the obstacles you may face when conducting your study.
Literature review is an efficient search of published work to find out what is previously known about...show more content...
Date of access 19 August 2017
Krathwohl , D.R. (1988). How to Prepare a Research Proposal: Guidelines for Funding and Dissertations in the Social and Behavioral Sciences.Syracuse
NY: Syracuse University Press. libguides.usc.edu/writingguide/literaturereview Date of access 19 August 2017 uir.unisa.ac.za/bitstream/handle/10500
/1683/05chapter5. Date of access 20 August 2017
Webster, J. and Watson, R T. (2002) 'Analyzing the Past to Prepare for the Future: Writing a Literature Review', MIS Quarterly, Vol 6, 2 pp.13
–33
www.aut.ac.nz/.../360509/An–introduction–to–literature–reviews. Date of access 19 August
Get more content on HelpWriting.net
Literature Review : Hand Hygiene
Literature Review – Hand Hygiene
Tyree Berlin
East Tennessee State University
July 12, 2015
Introduction Hand hygiene compliance is often neglected by health care workers, even though it puts patients at risk for infection. According to the
World Health Organization (WHO) (n.d.) there are over 1.4 million Health–Care Associated Infections (HAIs) at any given time, therefore the issue of
hand hygiene can not be neglected. Patients in all health care settings are at risk for acquiring bloodstream infections, surgical site infections, urinary
tract infections, respiratory infections, and gastrointestinal infections. Often it is the health care workers who become the conduit for the spread of
these infections to the patients they are caring for, especially when health care workers neglect to follow hand hygiene protocol. Also it is important to
remember that patients can carry microbes with no clear signs or symptoms of infection. Thus underlining the importance for hand hygiene regardless
of the type of patient being cared for. According to Longtin, Sax, Allegranzi, Schneider, & Pittet (2011) "Hand hygiene is not optional– it is
mandatory" (p. 5). Hand hygiene should not be looked upon as something optional but instead as a skill to master. The change project of hand hygiene
was chosen after talking with leaders and mentors in the author's place of work, which is an outpatient clinic. Both the medical director and clinic
manager both see a big
Get more content on HelpWriting.net
Systematic Review Essay examples
Systematic Review
NUR/518
University of Phoenix
Systematic Review The purpose of a systematic review is to attempt to find, evaluate and synthesize high quality research relevant to the research
question. A systematic review uses carefully developed data collection and sampling procedures that are put in place in advance as a protocol. (Polit,
2012). A systematic review must contain the following: a clear inclusion and exclusion criteria, an explicit search strategy, systematic coding and
analysis of included studies, and a meta–analysis if possible. (Hemingway & Brereton, 2009). Systematic reviews are conducted by nurse researchers to
avoid reaching incorrect or misleading conclusions that...show more content...
(Bae, 2011).
Seven studies used the Practice Environment Scale of the Nursing Work Index to measure nurse working conditions, one used the Work Environment
Survey, and the remaining three used a variety of instruments from prior studies.
In examining the association between working conditions and patient outcomes, the eleven studies contained a total of fourteen different patient
outcome variables. The association between autonomy and patient outcomes were examined in two studies. Six studies measure the philosophy
emphasizing the quality of clinical care and the association with patient outcomes.
Nurse participation was examined in regards to the relationship between nurse participator and the patient outcomes, as well as the association between
supportive managers and patient outcomes. Other areas that were examined were collaborative relationships with physicians, supportive relationships
with peers, staffing and decentralization, patient–centered climate and busyness.
The findings of this systematic review suggest that evidence supporting a positive relationship between better nurse working conditions and improved
patient outcomes is
Get more content on HelpWriting.net
Obesity Literature Review
Obesity Literature review I. Introduction Obesity is a medical condition in which excess body fat has accumulated to the extent that it may have an
adverse affect on health, leading to reduced life expectancy. Child obesity has been increasing dramatically and it has become one of the most
common chronic conditions for youngsters and it's accompanied by several psychological effects. As for the children it might lead to being isolated
and having peer problems and sense of discrimination from non obese children. Moreover, studies show that the percentage of obese children differs
from country to another; as in the united states it has been estimated that the percentage of obese children and teenagers is between 20 and 27%, while in
...show more content...
2 articles were primary sources but partially relevant: Viner, Hainess, Taylor, Head, Boy, & stansfeld (2006) investigated the opinion of weight,
emotional well being among a range of body mass index BMI in a sample of early adolescence. Tanofsky, Faden, Yanovski, Wilfley, Denis, & jack
(2005) explored the relationship of dieting, binge eating, and overweight among children. 1 article was excluded because it was in Spanish
language. These remaining 5 articles were included in the literature review: (Hesketh, Wake, & Waters, 2004; Allen, Byrne, Blair, & Davis, 2006;
Sung, Yu, So, Lam, & Hau, 2005; Erermis, Serpil, Cetin, Nurcan, Tamar, & Burkusoglu, Akdeiz, & Goksen, 2004; Gibson, Lisa, Byrne, Blair,
Davis, & Jacoby, 2008). III. Results The studies were grouped in two groups the first groups has the first, second and fifth study (Hesketh, Wake, &
Waters, 2004; Allen, Byrne, Blair, & Davis, 2006; Gibson, Byrne, Blair, Davis, & Jacoby, 2008); where these studies were conducted inside Australia.
The second group has the third and the fourth studies: (Sung, Yu, So, Lam, & Hau, 2005; Erermis, Serpil, Cetin, Nurcan, Tamar, & Burkusoglu,
Akdeiz, & Goksen, 2004), these studies were conducted outside Australia. The study of (Hesketh, Wake, & Waters, 2004); which is in the first group,
aimed to examine whether obese children experience lower self esteem than non obese
Get more content on HelpWriting.net
Reflective Literature Review
This essay will review the literature to critically explore the value and purpose of reflective practice.
There has been a rapid increase in the ides of critical reflective practice over the last few decades, (Gould, 2004). Before we look at the value and
purpose of reflective practice, it is important to take in account 'reflective practice' carries multiple meanings from the idea of professionals engaging in
self–analysis to that of engaging in critical dialogue with others. For example, with reference to teacher education, Larrivee, (2000) argues that
reflective practice is fusing together personal beliefs and values into a professional identity whereby critical reflection can take place without staying
trapped in unexamined assumptions and expectations of our professional practice. Therefore, from this, it can be concluded that as a teaching
professional, it is important to develop reflections on ones' professional and pedagogic knowledge to set aspirational goals for a continuing personal
and professional development, in other words, it is a way of life.
Schon (1983), identifies two types of reflection; reflection–on–action (after–the–event thinking) and reflection–in–action (thinking while doing). This
clearly distinguishes that reflection can occur whilst the action is carried out as it can still benefit the situation rather than reflecting on how things
will be done differently for next time. This tool can be effective as it will allow the professional to assess
Get more content on HelpWriting.net
Literature Review Of Self Efficacy
1.
8.LITERATURE REVIEW
Self–efficacy theory was originated from Social Cognitive theory which was introduced by Alberta Bendura.
Self–efficacy is the belief that one has the ability to produce that effect by completing a specific task or activity which is related to that competency.
Self–efficacy is developed from mastery experiences in which goal is achieved through perseverance and overcoming difficulties and from observing
others succeeing through continuous effort. Self–efficacy relates to a person's perception of their ability to reach an aim (Bandura,1986).
The perception of being in control of the situation is often referred to as self–efficacy (Bandura, 1984; 1993; 1997).
Bandura (1993) defined self–efficacy as a self–evaluation of somebody's competence to successfully execute a course of action that is necessary to
reach the desirable outcomes. Some research has investigated the development of individual self–efficacy. For example, self–efficacy is dependent on
performance achievement, knowledge and skills in comparison with related ones (Kaufman, 2003).
Due to high performance, if someone is confident about ones' knowledge and skills, then self–efficacy promotes. Self–efficacy is also evaluated
through comparison with others.
Perceived self–efficacy also affects how successfully goals are achieved by influencing the degree of effort and persistence a person will show in the
face of difficulties.
That is the stronger the perceived self–efficacy, the
Get more content on HelpWriting.net
Book Review: The Definition Of Literature Review
1.0: The Definition of Literature Review According to Shuttleworth (2016), a literature review can be a forerunner or a guide in the introduction
of a research paper, it likewise can be a whole paper in itself, regularly will place on the first stage of large research projects, this will allow the
supervisor to find out that the student is on the correct path. A literature review can be portrayed as a report of what has been distributed on a theme
by qualified and credited by scholars and researchers (Taylor, 2015). The literature review likewise could be depicted as the system, procedure, and
improvement by researchers for reading, evaluating, assessing, and summarising scholarly materials about a particular topic. (Nordquist, 2016). There
are still had a tonne...show more content...
According to Taylor (2007), the purpose for doing a literature review is want to become an expert and understand your field comprehensively.
Besides, literature review also could show that researcher has done analyzed and wrote a critique the theories or methodologies in the field and know
the point of view related to the certain topic which is stated by University of Arizona Libraries original website (2015). The third purpose of a
literature review is basically to arouse research ideas by researchers to evaluate and determine research questions or hypotheses, which was written by
Cronin, et. al (2008, p.1). So, it could be shown that the purpose and why scholars need to do literature review was almost same for one reason, which
is evaluated and do much of research in the certain field for further acknowledgeable and understanding. It believes that purpose of literature review
could establish the importance and provide a background information about a research topic.
2.2: The Attributes of a Good & Critical Literature
Get more content on HelpWriting.net
A literature review is an interpretation of arrays of circulating articles written by the scholar–authors' of researchers related to several topics. A literature
search for evidence–based research can be overpowering. The Walden University library illuminates on the superlative quality of evidence–based
research and which databases to utilize with research searches. Filtered resources are the superlative quality of studies related to evidence–based
practice and encompasses systemic reviews, critically appraised topics, and critically–appraised individual articles while unfiltered resources are second
along the pecking order which includes "randomized control trials, cohort trials, case–control studies, case series, and case reports (Walden Library,
2015, para. 6). Lastly is the background information and expert opinion, which inherently are not backed by evidence–based studies and comprises
"point–of–care resources, textbooks, conference proceedings, etc." (Walden Library, 2015, para. 7).
Arrays of individuals diagnosed with cancer experiences anguish and deterioration related to uncontrolled pain. According to Paley (2015), "Forty
percent of people with early or intermediate stage cancer and 90% with advanced cancer have moderate to severe pain and up to 70% of patients with
cancer inherently do not receive sufficient pain relief" (p. 1). Definitely, there has to be an enhanced approach to alleviate cancer patients' pain, hence
what is the superlative interventions to
Get more content on HelpWriting.net
Literature Review/ Key concepts theories and Theories:
The purpose of Literature review is to present an overview of existing scholarly material and to understanding gaps relating to the research area the
questions pose.
Meharabian and Russell (1974) proposed a theoretical model in which they discussed how service environment stimulates the customer's emotions and
there by influences their behavioural intentions. In this model quality of a customer's experience is measured by measuring the emotions of pleasure,
arousal and dominance (PAD). Pleasure comes from happiness or satisfaction, arousal is derived from excitement based on environment stimulations
and dominance as the ability of the customer to control the environment or feeling in control.
Emotions
Emotions are a strong feeling deriving from one's circumstances, mood or relationships with others. (Google Sholar).
The Mehrabian and Russell model Figure 3
The model focusses on two topics, The emotional impact of physical stimuli and The effects of physical stimuli on variety of behaviours.(Mehrabian
and Russell 1974) Mehrabian and Russell defines it as ,the approach "centres on the use of human emotional responses to environments as intervening
variables linking the environment to the variety of behaviours it elicits".
Later research conducted by Donnavan and Rossiter (1982) finds Dominance emotion does not have a significant impact on customer behaviour.
However, In a gambling environment and the intensity of
Get more content on HelpWriting.net
Literature Review On Childhood Trauma Essay
Literature Review Article Critique Jocelyn Claudio Widener University September 25, 2016 Overview The authors of this literature review evaluated
studies completed on adults who were 50 years or older and also experienced trauma as a child. They reviewed the impact childhood trauma has on their
mental and physical health as older adults. They collected findings from 23 studies that were published between 1996 through 2011 and concluded that
childhood trauma did in fact have negative effects on older adults mental and physical health. Although it is well known that trauma at a young age can
have serious effects, especially on development, it is interesting to see how it also transitions into late adulthood. Description Research Topic/Purpose
The authors aim to identify the mental and physical risks in late adult life that has been negatively influenced by childhood trauma. There are two
purposes of this literature review. Results can help develop support or intervention strategies that foster resilience throughout the life course by
investigating the correlation childhood trauma has on older adults' well being (Maschi et. al., 2013, p. 62). Another purpose is to address the gap in
literature that examines the influence traumatic events has on later life health. Key Concepts of the Literature The key concept of this literature review
is to better understand how childhood trauma is associated with mental health, such as post–traumatic stress disorder
Get more content on HelpWriting.net

More Related Content

Similar to Literature Review On Coffee

16NutritionNameInstitutional affiliation
16NutritionNameInstitutional affiliation16NutritionNameInstitutional affiliation
16NutritionNameInstitutional affiliationEttaBenton28
 
Christina Sanderson Thesis Draft Final-1
Christina Sanderson Thesis Draft Final-1Christina Sanderson Thesis Draft Final-1
Christina Sanderson Thesis Draft Final-1Christina Sanderson
 
Introduction to Information Literacy for the Health Sciences Student
Introduction to Information Literacy for the Health Sciences StudentIntroduction to Information Literacy for the Health Sciences Student
Introduction to Information Literacy for the Health Sciences Studentmputerba
 
Assessing mental health stigma.docx
Assessing mental health stigma.docxAssessing mental health stigma.docx
Assessing mental health stigma.docxwrite22
 
PSY 1010, General Psychology 1 Course Descript.docx
PSY 1010, General Psychology 1     Course Descript.docxPSY 1010, General Psychology 1     Course Descript.docx
PSY 1010, General Psychology 1 Course Descript.docxamrit47
 
Person Centred Care
Person Centred CarePerson Centred Care
Person Centred CareLakeisha Jones
 

Similar to Literature Review On Coffee (6)

16NutritionNameInstitutional affiliation
16NutritionNameInstitutional affiliation16NutritionNameInstitutional affiliation
16NutritionNameInstitutional affiliation
 
Christina Sanderson Thesis Draft Final-1
Christina Sanderson Thesis Draft Final-1Christina Sanderson Thesis Draft Final-1
Christina Sanderson Thesis Draft Final-1
 
Introduction to Information Literacy for the Health Sciences Student
Introduction to Information Literacy for the Health Sciences StudentIntroduction to Information Literacy for the Health Sciences Student
Introduction to Information Literacy for the Health Sciences Student
 
Assessing mental health stigma.docx
Assessing mental health stigma.docxAssessing mental health stigma.docx
Assessing mental health stigma.docx
 
PSY 1010, General Psychology 1 Course Descript.docx
PSY 1010, General Psychology 1     Course Descript.docxPSY 1010, General Psychology 1     Course Descript.docx
PSY 1010, General Psychology 1 Course Descript.docx
 
Person Centred Care
Person Centred CarePerson Centred Care
Person Centred Care
 

Recently uploaded

Using Grammatical Signals Suitable to Patterns of Idea Development
Using Grammatical Signals Suitable to Patterns of Idea DevelopmentUsing Grammatical Signals Suitable to Patterns of Idea Development
Using Grammatical Signals Suitable to Patterns of Idea Developmentchesterberbo7
 
Inclusivity Essentials_ Creating Accessible Websites for Nonprofits .pdf
Inclusivity Essentials_ Creating Accessible Websites for Nonprofits .pdfInclusivity Essentials_ Creating Accessible Websites for Nonprofits .pdf
Inclusivity Essentials_ Creating Accessible Websites for Nonprofits .pdfTechSoup
 
ClimART Action | eTwinning Project
ClimART Action    |    eTwinning ProjectClimART Action    |    eTwinning Project
ClimART Action | eTwinning Projectjordimapav
 
Daily Lesson Plan in Mathematics Quarter 4
Daily Lesson Plan in Mathematics Quarter 4Daily Lesson Plan in Mathematics Quarter 4
Daily Lesson Plan in Mathematics Quarter 4JOYLYNSAMANIEGO
 
How to Fix XML SyntaxError in Odoo the 17
How to Fix XML SyntaxError in Odoo the 17How to Fix XML SyntaxError in Odoo the 17
How to Fix XML SyntaxError in Odoo the 17Celine George
 
Transaction Management in Database Management System
Transaction Management in Database Management SystemTransaction Management in Database Management System
Transaction Management in Database Management SystemChristalin Nelson
 
Reading and Writing Skills 11 quarter 4 melc 1
Reading and Writing Skills 11 quarter 4 melc 1Reading and Writing Skills 11 quarter 4 melc 1
Reading and Writing Skills 11 quarter 4 melc 1GloryAnnCastre1
 
Visit to a blind student's school🧑‍🩯🧑‍🩯(community medicine)
Visit to a blind student's school🧑‍🩯🧑‍🩯(community medicine)Visit to a blind student's school🧑‍🩯🧑‍🩯(community medicine)
Visit to a blind student's school🧑‍🩯🧑‍🩯(community medicine)lakshayb543
 
Textual Evidence in Reading and Writing of SHS
Textual Evidence in Reading and Writing of SHSTextual Evidence in Reading and Writing of SHS
Textual Evidence in Reading and Writing of SHSMae Pangan
 
Expanded definition: technical and operational
Expanded definition: technical and operationalExpanded definition: technical and operational
Expanded definition: technical and operationalssuser3e220a
 
4.16.24 Poverty and Precarity--Desmond.pptx
4.16.24 Poverty and Precarity--Desmond.pptx4.16.24 Poverty and Precarity--Desmond.pptx
4.16.24 Poverty and Precarity--Desmond.pptxmary850239
 
4.11.24 Mass Incarceration and the New Jim Crow.pptx
4.11.24 Mass Incarceration and the New Jim Crow.pptx4.11.24 Mass Incarceration and the New Jim Crow.pptx
4.11.24 Mass Incarceration and the New Jim Crow.pptxmary850239
 
MULTIDISCIPLINRY NATURE OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES.pptx
MULTIDISCIPLINRY NATURE OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES.pptxMULTIDISCIPLINRY NATURE OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES.pptx
MULTIDISCIPLINRY NATURE OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES.pptxAnupkumar Sharma
 
4.16.24 21st Century Movements for Black Lives.pptx
4.16.24 21st Century Movements for Black Lives.pptx4.16.24 21st Century Movements for Black Lives.pptx
4.16.24 21st Century Movements for Black Lives.pptxmary850239
 
Measures of Position DECILES for ungrouped data
Measures of Position DECILES for ungrouped dataMeasures of Position DECILES for ungrouped data
Measures of Position DECILES for ungrouped dataBabyAnnMotar
 
MS4 level being good citizen -imperative- (1) (1).pdf
MS4 level   being good citizen -imperative- (1) (1).pdfMS4 level   being good citizen -imperative- (1) (1).pdf
MS4 level being good citizen -imperative- (1) (1).pdfMr Bounab Samir
 
Q4-PPT-Music9_Lesson-1-Romantic-Opera.pptx
Q4-PPT-Music9_Lesson-1-Romantic-Opera.pptxQ4-PPT-Music9_Lesson-1-Romantic-Opera.pptx
Q4-PPT-Music9_Lesson-1-Romantic-Opera.pptxlancelewisportillo
 
Narcotic and Non Narcotic Analgesic..pdf
Narcotic and Non Narcotic Analgesic..pdfNarcotic and Non Narcotic Analgesic..pdf
Narcotic and Non Narcotic Analgesic..pdfPrerana Jadhav
 
ICS2208 Lecture6 Notes for SL spaces.pdf
ICS2208 Lecture6 Notes for SL spaces.pdfICS2208 Lecture6 Notes for SL spaces.pdf
ICS2208 Lecture6 Notes for SL spaces.pdfVanessa Camilleri
 

Recently uploaded (20)

Using Grammatical Signals Suitable to Patterns of Idea Development
Using Grammatical Signals Suitable to Patterns of Idea DevelopmentUsing Grammatical Signals Suitable to Patterns of Idea Development
Using Grammatical Signals Suitable to Patterns of Idea Development
 
Inclusivity Essentials_ Creating Accessible Websites for Nonprofits .pdf
Inclusivity Essentials_ Creating Accessible Websites for Nonprofits .pdfInclusivity Essentials_ Creating Accessible Websites for Nonprofits .pdf
Inclusivity Essentials_ Creating Accessible Websites for Nonprofits .pdf
 
ClimART Action | eTwinning Project
ClimART Action    |    eTwinning ProjectClimART Action    |    eTwinning Project
ClimART Action | eTwinning Project
 
Daily Lesson Plan in Mathematics Quarter 4
Daily Lesson Plan in Mathematics Quarter 4Daily Lesson Plan in Mathematics Quarter 4
Daily Lesson Plan in Mathematics Quarter 4
 
How to Fix XML SyntaxError in Odoo the 17
How to Fix XML SyntaxError in Odoo the 17How to Fix XML SyntaxError in Odoo the 17
How to Fix XML SyntaxError in Odoo the 17
 
Transaction Management in Database Management System
Transaction Management in Database Management SystemTransaction Management in Database Management System
Transaction Management in Database Management System
 
Reading and Writing Skills 11 quarter 4 melc 1
Reading and Writing Skills 11 quarter 4 melc 1Reading and Writing Skills 11 quarter 4 melc 1
Reading and Writing Skills 11 quarter 4 melc 1
 
Visit to a blind student's school🧑‍🩯🧑‍🩯(community medicine)
Visit to a blind student's school🧑‍🩯🧑‍🩯(community medicine)Visit to a blind student's school🧑‍🩯🧑‍🩯(community medicine)
Visit to a blind student's school🧑‍🩯🧑‍🩯(community medicine)
 
Textual Evidence in Reading and Writing of SHS
Textual Evidence in Reading and Writing of SHSTextual Evidence in Reading and Writing of SHS
Textual Evidence in Reading and Writing of SHS
 
Expanded definition: technical and operational
Expanded definition: technical and operationalExpanded definition: technical and operational
Expanded definition: technical and operational
 
4.16.24 Poverty and Precarity--Desmond.pptx
4.16.24 Poverty and Precarity--Desmond.pptx4.16.24 Poverty and Precarity--Desmond.pptx
4.16.24 Poverty and Precarity--Desmond.pptx
 
4.11.24 Mass Incarceration and the New Jim Crow.pptx
4.11.24 Mass Incarceration and the New Jim Crow.pptx4.11.24 Mass Incarceration and the New Jim Crow.pptx
4.11.24 Mass Incarceration and the New Jim Crow.pptx
 
MULTIDISCIPLINRY NATURE OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES.pptx
MULTIDISCIPLINRY NATURE OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES.pptxMULTIDISCIPLINRY NATURE OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES.pptx
MULTIDISCIPLINRY NATURE OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES.pptx
 
4.16.24 21st Century Movements for Black Lives.pptx
4.16.24 21st Century Movements for Black Lives.pptx4.16.24 21st Century Movements for Black Lives.pptx
4.16.24 21st Century Movements for Black Lives.pptx
 
Measures of Position DECILES for ungrouped data
Measures of Position DECILES for ungrouped dataMeasures of Position DECILES for ungrouped data
Measures of Position DECILES for ungrouped data
 
Faculty Profile prashantha K EEE dept Sri Sairam college of Engineering
Faculty Profile prashantha K EEE dept Sri Sairam college of EngineeringFaculty Profile prashantha K EEE dept Sri Sairam college of Engineering
Faculty Profile prashantha K EEE dept Sri Sairam college of Engineering
 
MS4 level being good citizen -imperative- (1) (1).pdf
MS4 level   being good citizen -imperative- (1) (1).pdfMS4 level   being good citizen -imperative- (1) (1).pdf
MS4 level being good citizen -imperative- (1) (1).pdf
 
Q4-PPT-Music9_Lesson-1-Romantic-Opera.pptx
Q4-PPT-Music9_Lesson-1-Romantic-Opera.pptxQ4-PPT-Music9_Lesson-1-Romantic-Opera.pptx
Q4-PPT-Music9_Lesson-1-Romantic-Opera.pptx
 
Narcotic and Non Narcotic Analgesic..pdf
Narcotic and Non Narcotic Analgesic..pdfNarcotic and Non Narcotic Analgesic..pdf
Narcotic and Non Narcotic Analgesic..pdf
 
ICS2208 Lecture6 Notes for SL spaces.pdf
ICS2208 Lecture6 Notes for SL spaces.pdfICS2208 Lecture6 Notes for SL spaces.pdf
ICS2208 Lecture6 Notes for SL spaces.pdf
 

Literature Review On Coffee

  • 1. Literature Review On Coffee CHAPTER 2 LITERATURE REVIEW 2.1Coffee Feria – Morales (2002), stated that coffee is one of the popular beverages in the world. Coffee drink is assumed to be a healthy alternative to alcoholic beverages in social gatherings (Cristoram et. al, 2000). Coffee has been stereotyped as an adult beverage. In a study conducted by Asioli, et. al, (2013), shows that the main motivations for iced coffee consumption are enjoyment and relaxation as well as energy and caffeine intake. The study also found that the most preferred product is latte with low calories at the lowest price. This result indicates that there may be a market potential for calorie reduced iced coffee product. Coffee gives consumers pleasure and satisfaction through flavor, aroma and...show more content... They explored that higher eating frequency was associated with health and nutritional consequences. Consumers are very conscious about the healthiness of the food. This statement can be supported by the study conducted by (Pawan et al, 2014) which found that young consumer in Malaysia are very conscious of how much fat is in the food and carefully control the portion sizes of their food. They also reduce fat in recipes by substituting ingredients and cutting portions. Coffee has both the highest and the most variable caffeine content among dietary products containing caffeine. Huang & Dang, (2014) stated that a numbers of studies have suggested potential health benefits as well as risks regarding coffee consumptions. The result is controversial in the sense that they are not at all conclusive, directly or indirectly. While coffee has been reported to increase cardiovascular risk factors. Yet, some studies suggest a protective effect on the heart and decreased risk of stroke. Plus, other studies have focuses on coffee protective effects on health issues like type 2 diabetes, Parkinson's disease, liver disease and obesity. According to Hewlett & Wadsworth (2012) in longer term, tea and coffee may protect against Alzheimer's and Parkinson's disease although its withdrawal may be associated with negative effects like headache and flu–like symptoms On the basis of available literature, this study can develop a Get more content on HelpWriting.net
  • 2. Research Study On A Literature Review Essay 4.2 Research Hypothesis Hypothesis Researchers almost never conduct a study in an intellectual vacuum; their studies are usually under taken within the context of an existing knowledge base. It helps to lay the foundation for the study and also inspire new research idea. Hypothesis in other words is an assumption for the research, the researchers organizes his or her ideas and critically thinks what could be the reasons for the stated research questions; thinking of the reasons or possible causal is referred to as hypothesis. Generally hypothesis give cruel before the study starts and the results of the study will be directed to confirm or reject the stated hypothesis. 4.3 Literature review: A literature review is a summary about previous studies on the topic, Conducted at the same time as defining the research question Why conduct a literature review? –Helps ensure that your research is new –Identifies what is known and not known about the topic –Helps frame the research question properly –Suggests potential research designs The literature review outlines what is known about the topic, Identify what remains to be known about the topic and suggest how your research will help advance knowledge to address the problem. This serves as the basis of your RATIONALE which justifies what the researcher does. With the reasons above literature review helps me to up to date with nursing information which I use daily in my practices, I cannot deliver any services out from the blue, Get more content on HelpWriting.net
  • 3. Essay Literature Review Literature Review The purpose of this research project is for you to create a scholarly piece of graduate–level research and writing, which conforms to APA format. Competency in the APA format is required of all Business graduates of Liberty University, as set forth by policy of both the Graduate Faculty and the administration. You willresearch and write a literature review on a topic relevant to our course. What is a Literature Review? "A literature review discusses published information in a particular subject area, and sometimes information in a particular subject area within a certain time period. It has an organizational pattern and combines both summary and synthesis. The summary is a recap of the important information of...show more content... Introduction: Gives a quick idea of the topic of the literature review, such as the central theme or organizational pattern. Body: Contains your discussion of sources and is organized thematically (see below for more information on each). Conclusions/Recommendations: Discuss what you have drawn from reviewing literature so far. Where might the discussion proceed?"[iii] What is a thematic literature review? "A thematic review would have subtopics based upon factors that relate to the theme or issue. Sometimes, though, you might need to add additional sections that are necessary for your study, but do not fit in the organizational strategy of the body. What other sections you include in the body is up to you. Put in only what is necessary. Here are a few other sections you might want to consider: Current Situation: Information necessary to understand the topic or focus of the literature review. History: The chronological progression of the field, the literature, or an idea that is necessary to understand the literature review, if the body of the literature review is not already a chronology. Methods and/or Standards: The criteria you used to select the sources in your literature review or the way Get more content on HelpWriting.net
  • 4. Literature Review On Suicide Suicide is currently the 10th leading cause of death in the United States (Suicide and Self–Inflicted Injury, 2017). On average, 121 Americans complete suicide each day (CDC Fatal Injuries Report 2015, 2015). The American people are living longer with advances to medical care and technology, yet suicide rates continue to rise. According to the CDC, suicide rates have increased by 24% from the year 1999 to 2014 (Curtain, Warner & Hedegaard, 2016). Consequently, the suicide epidemic continues to grow with no clear path to prevention. This literature review was conducted using the Robert Morris University Library online databases. Databases accessed include PubMed............., from the years 2000 to 2017. Overall, most the articles obtained are...show more content... Nursing Students and Mental Health Education Attending a nursing school is one thread that ties all nurses together. It is there when nurses' education on mental health begins. The Quality and Safety Education for Nurses (QSEN) has set a skill standard that students will be able to demonstrate effective use of harm or risk reducing strategies in their practice (Cronenwett et al., 2008). A phenomenology study on nursing students provided multiple themes that spoke to the pitfalls in mental health nursing education. The themes included: development of fear of speaking to patients after reading their mental status and behavior in the chart, expiernce of uncomfortable feelings when discussing suicidal ideation with patients that were not forthcoming in assessment, and the obligation to meet the suicidal patient's needs (provide an answer) instead of providing a therapeutic interaction (Scheckel & Nelson, 2014). A cross–sectional design study of nursing student's attitudes toward suicide prevention revealed half of the students reported felt comfortable assessing suicide risk and had a positive attitude towards working with suicidal patients. At the same time, two–thirds of these students reported they do not believe suicidal patients tell anyone about their ideation and that there is little that can be done on a prevention level Get more content on HelpWriting.net
  • 5. Literature Review Of Literature On Depression Literature Review Depression is a mental health issue and is defined as a "mood disorder characterized by persistently low mood and feeling of sadness and loss of interest" (MacGill, 2017, p.2). It is a persistent issue with the average length of a depressive episode lasting anywhere from six to eight months (MacGill, 2017). Everybody at some point in their life feels depressed but depression itself as a diagnosis is more than having a bad day or being in a bad mood. Steadman's medical dictionary defines depression as, "a temporary or chronic mental disorder characterized by feelings of sadness, loneliness, despair, low self–esteem, and self–reproach; accompanying signs include psychomotor retardation or less frequently agitation, withdrawal from social contact and vegetative states such as loss of appetite and insomnia" (p.462). This definition alone gives evidence that the problem facing M.P. could be depression as she has been disinterested in intimacy with her husband, cries often and is having difficulty focusing in order to complete simple tasks. Depression can be further broken down into several different types such as: major depressive disorder, dysthymic disorder, postpartum depression, psychotic, bipolar and seasonal affective. It is important to understand that depression does not look the same on every individual and that there are different forms of depression that affect people. For the purposes of this literature review in relation to the case study on M.P. the focus will be on major depressive disorder and depression with psychotic features. According to the National Institute of Mental Health (2016) major depressive disorder is a serious mood disorder with symptoms that have a significant impact on a person's affect, cognition, sleep hygiene, appetite, and activities of daily living. For a diagnosis to be made these presenting symptoms must be ongoing for a minimum of two weeks. Furthermore, psychotic depression "occurs when a person has severe depression plus some form of psychosis, such as having disturbing false fixed beliefs (delusions) or hearing or seeing upsetting things that others cannot hear or see (hallucinations). The psychotic symptoms typically have a depressive Get more content on HelpWriting.net
  • 6. Literature Review On Climate Change Chapter 3: Literature Review on Climate Change Climate change can be defined as a significant change in the "average weather" of any given region sustained in the long–term and can be caused by Earth 's dynamic processes, external forces including variations in sunlight intensity, and also by human activities (USEPA, 2014). The burning of fossil fuels such as coal and oil, and deforestation over the last 200 years has caused the concentrations of heat–trapping "greenhouse gases" to increase significantly in our atmosphere. These gases prevent heat from escaping to space. Greenhouse gases are necessary in our lives as they help in keeping the planet 's surface warmer than it would otherwise be. But, as the concentrations of these gases continue to increase in the atmosphere, the Earth 's temperature is climbing above past levels (USEPA, 2014). It has been observed through various researches that in the last century, average temperatures across the globe increased by over 1.3В°F with an increase of more than two times in the Arctic. (Bates, Kundzewicz, Wu, & Palutikof, June 2008). The results ofclimate change can also be seen in changing precipitation patterns, increases in ocean temperatures, changes in the sea level, and acidity and melting of glaciers and sea ice (USEPA, 2014). 3.1 Climate Change and Water In the water sector, which is a special concern for this research, it is predicted that the water supply conditions in all regions and sectors in the world are likely Get more content on HelpWriting.net
  • 7. What Is Literature Essay Charmine J. Cramales BS Math II Lit 3 10:30 – 12:00 What is Literature? Poems, novels, and stories; these are some of the things that first came to my mind upon pondering on the question 'What is Literature?'. And just lately I have known that literature also includes songs, speeches, plays, and many others in written and spoken forms. I have also known that things that are produced out of creative imagination can be referred as literary works which are the ones that comprise literature. Considering this description of what literature is, the coverage of literature seems very puzzling. If literary works are those produced out of creative imagining, then it would directly point to fictional works. But then, there are also...show more content... Take for example the views of two individuals coming from different places on anovel based on the culture of one. It would likely be the same if their culture and beliefs are quiet related but if not, then they would surely have different understandings on certain parts of that novel. Hence, defining literature as those considered by people as 'literature' is questionable. Eagleton also associated literature as any kind of works which are valued highly by people. But then again, since people may have different perceptions on things, one may value highly a certain work while another person may consider it just as a plain writing. As stated by Ms. Pinzon, a literature professor, a personal letter can be an example of this. The recipient of the letter can be expected to really value the letter while her classmate may not. Hence, this can't define literature as a whole. Then, what really is literature? Many great critics have tried formulating a fixed definition of literature but have failed to do so. In the rise of every possible definition of what literature is, counter arguments also rise. Literature, though it seems impossible to enumerate everything it covers, play an important role in every individual's life. One can influence using literature or be influenced by it. Examples of these are the novels made by our very own national hero, Jose Rizal – the Noli Me Tangeri and El Filibusterismo. During his time, Rizal has
  • 8. Get more content on HelpWriting.net
  • 9. Example Of Literature Review Literature review is a published document on a topic by accredited scholars and researchers. Literature review can be a theory which supports your research or your theory. Example of literature review is published document, government policy, international journal, a research which was conducted related to the topic, etc. There are two kind of important literature related to my hunch. Both of them are: 1.A research entitled "The Effectiveness of Cooperative Learning in Enhancing Speaking Skills and Attitudes Towards Learning English" a.Introduction: Language is a human system of communication so that it should be spoken and used to communicate. Language is used to communicate with other so that the person whom talks to can understand what...show more content... The review of the theory is: a.The Definition of Cooperative Learning The three important features of Cooperative Learning First, cooperative learning is a kind of group work. Learners have to work together in small groups between two and six members. Second, learning is structured to ensure that everyone in the group is able to fulfill the learning task. Third, students have to be dependent on each other to achieve their learning goals. b.Student Team Learning –"Students work together in four member teams to master material initially presented by the teacher." –There are three elements which are central to all Student Team Learning methods namely team rewards, individual accountability, and equal opportunities a.Team rewards means if students are rewarded for doing better than they have in the past they will be more motivated to reach than if they are rewarded for doing better than others. b.Individual accountability means that the success of a team relies on the learning of every individual in all team members. c.Equal opportunities mean that students can contribute to their teams by improving over their past performance. c.The Theoretical Base of Cooperative
  • 10. Get more content on HelpWriting.net
  • 11. Literature Review On Self Determination 1.INTRODUCTION The main objective of this review is to critically analyze and synthesize the self–leadership literature and the study seeks to answer the question– whether self–determination is key requirement in workplace or not? To scrutinize this, all the eminent scholars, their key findings and the main issues relating to the topic are identified. The elements of self–determination continuum, namely, Intrinsicmotivation, Extrinsic motivation and amotivation have also been explained. The current state of the research is examined, and the further research recommendations are also included. I have chosen this theory because I felt this applies to me more aptly than other theories like flow theory and psychological theory. I see myself as a self–determined person whenever I take up a job and get myself motivated by both inner factors and outer factors 2.Background Self determination is one of the most significant concepts in the modern–day business world. With over 40 years of research on Self–determination theory, there has been increase in the number of top business leaders, executives and academics who value Self–determination for effective leadership and this theory has become grand theory of optimal functioning and human motivation. Apart from workplace and business field, this theory has been applied to other domains as well including education, parenting, exercising and relationships. Literature review 1.According to (Olafsen, 2015),Self–determination theory is a human motivation theory that emphasizes on human behavior and integral beliefs or values. It focuses on the interpersonal environment of the workplace in which motivation plays a vital role in motivating the employees towards their working role so that they can achieve the goals in an effective and efficient manner. Self–motivation is one of the most significant factors that can boost the energy of an individual and make them passionate towards performing their role, which ultimately helps in gaining the success. Self–determination theory also depicted the relationship between needs and satisfaction of an individual. Moreover, it provides a support system to the people in which reward, bonuses and other motivational factors a present. These Get more content on HelpWriting.net
  • 12. Rationale For Literature Review Discussing the rationale for literature review to demonstrate its significance in research. The literature review is mostly regarded as being an essential part of student projects, research studies and dissertations. This essay examines the reasons for the importance of the literature review, its rationale in demonstrating the significance in research, and the things which it tries to achieve. It also outlines the main strategies which you can use to write a good literature review. The essay will also analyze the advantages of literature review, the different types of literature review and the obstacles you may face when conducting your study. Literature review is an efficient search of published work to find out what is previously known about...show more content... Date of access 19 August 2017 Krathwohl , D.R. (1988). How to Prepare a Research Proposal: Guidelines for Funding and Dissertations in the Social and Behavioral Sciences.Syracuse NY: Syracuse University Press. libguides.usc.edu/writingguide/literaturereview Date of access 19 August 2017 uir.unisa.ac.za/bitstream/handle/10500 /1683/05chapter5. Date of access 20 August 2017 Webster, J. and Watson, R T. (2002) 'Analyzing the Past to Prepare for the Future: Writing a Literature Review', MIS Quarterly, Vol 6, 2 pp.13 –33 www.aut.ac.nz/.../360509/An–introduction–to–literature–reviews. Date of access 19 August Get more content on HelpWriting.net
  • 13. Literature Review : Hand Hygiene Literature Review – Hand Hygiene Tyree Berlin East Tennessee State University July 12, 2015 Introduction Hand hygiene compliance is often neglected by health care workers, even though it puts patients at risk for infection. According to the World Health Organization (WHO) (n.d.) there are over 1.4 million Health–Care Associated Infections (HAIs) at any given time, therefore the issue of hand hygiene can not be neglected. Patients in all health care settings are at risk for acquiring bloodstream infections, surgical site infections, urinary tract infections, respiratory infections, and gastrointestinal infections. Often it is the health care workers who become the conduit for the spread of these infections to the patients they are caring for, especially when health care workers neglect to follow hand hygiene protocol. Also it is important to remember that patients can carry microbes with no clear signs or symptoms of infection. Thus underlining the importance for hand hygiene regardless of the type of patient being cared for. According to Longtin, Sax, Allegranzi, Schneider, & Pittet (2011) "Hand hygiene is not optional– it is mandatory" (p. 5). Hand hygiene should not be looked upon as something optional but instead as a skill to master. The change project of hand hygiene was chosen after talking with leaders and mentors in the author's place of work, which is an outpatient clinic. Both the medical director and clinic manager both see a big Get more content on HelpWriting.net
  • 14. Systematic Review Essay examples Systematic Review NUR/518 University of Phoenix Systematic Review The purpose of a systematic review is to attempt to find, evaluate and synthesize high quality research relevant to the research question. A systematic review uses carefully developed data collection and sampling procedures that are put in place in advance as a protocol. (Polit, 2012). A systematic review must contain the following: a clear inclusion and exclusion criteria, an explicit search strategy, systematic coding and analysis of included studies, and a meta–analysis if possible. (Hemingway & Brereton, 2009). Systematic reviews are conducted by nurse researchers to avoid reaching incorrect or misleading conclusions that...show more content... (Bae, 2011). Seven studies used the Practice Environment Scale of the Nursing Work Index to measure nurse working conditions, one used the Work Environment Survey, and the remaining three used a variety of instruments from prior studies. In examining the association between working conditions and patient outcomes, the eleven studies contained a total of fourteen different patient outcome variables. The association between autonomy and patient outcomes were examined in two studies. Six studies measure the philosophy emphasizing the quality of clinical care and the association with patient outcomes. Nurse participation was examined in regards to the relationship between nurse participator and the patient outcomes, as well as the association between supportive managers and patient outcomes. Other areas that were examined were collaborative relationships with physicians, supportive relationships with peers, staffing and decentralization, patient–centered climate and busyness. The findings of this systematic review suggest that evidence supporting a positive relationship between better nurse working conditions and improved patient outcomes is Get more content on HelpWriting.net
  • 15. Obesity Literature Review Obesity Literature review I. Introduction Obesity is a medical condition in which excess body fat has accumulated to the extent that it may have an adverse affect on health, leading to reduced life expectancy. Child obesity has been increasing dramatically and it has become one of the most common chronic conditions for youngsters and it's accompanied by several psychological effects. As for the children it might lead to being isolated and having peer problems and sense of discrimination from non obese children. Moreover, studies show that the percentage of obese children differs from country to another; as in the united states it has been estimated that the percentage of obese children and teenagers is between 20 and 27%, while in ...show more content... 2 articles were primary sources but partially relevant: Viner, Hainess, Taylor, Head, Boy, & stansfeld (2006) investigated the opinion of weight, emotional well being among a range of body mass index BMI in a sample of early adolescence. Tanofsky, Faden, Yanovski, Wilfley, Denis, & jack (2005) explored the relationship of dieting, binge eating, and overweight among children. 1 article was excluded because it was in Spanish language. These remaining 5 articles were included in the literature review: (Hesketh, Wake, & Waters, 2004; Allen, Byrne, Blair, & Davis, 2006; Sung, Yu, So, Lam, & Hau, 2005; Erermis, Serpil, Cetin, Nurcan, Tamar, & Burkusoglu, Akdeiz, & Goksen, 2004; Gibson, Lisa, Byrne, Blair, Davis, & Jacoby, 2008). III. Results The studies were grouped in two groups the first groups has the first, second and fifth study (Hesketh, Wake, & Waters, 2004; Allen, Byrne, Blair, & Davis, 2006; Gibson, Byrne, Blair, Davis, & Jacoby, 2008); where these studies were conducted inside Australia. The second group has the third and the fourth studies: (Sung, Yu, So, Lam, & Hau, 2005; Erermis, Serpil, Cetin, Nurcan, Tamar, & Burkusoglu, Akdeiz, & Goksen, 2004), these studies were conducted outside Australia. The study of (Hesketh, Wake, & Waters, 2004); which is in the first group, aimed to examine whether obese children experience lower self esteem than non obese Get more content on HelpWriting.net
  • 16. Reflective Literature Review This essay will review the literature to critically explore the value and purpose of reflective practice. There has been a rapid increase in the ides of critical reflective practice over the last few decades, (Gould, 2004). Before we look at the value and purpose of reflective practice, it is important to take in account 'reflective practice' carries multiple meanings from the idea of professionals engaging in self–analysis to that of engaging in critical dialogue with others. For example, with reference to teacher education, Larrivee, (2000) argues that reflective practice is fusing together personal beliefs and values into a professional identity whereby critical reflection can take place without staying trapped in unexamined assumptions and expectations of our professional practice. Therefore, from this, it can be concluded that as a teaching professional, it is important to develop reflections on ones' professional and pedagogic knowledge to set aspirational goals for a continuing personal and professional development, in other words, it is a way of life. Schon (1983), identifies two types of reflection; reflection–on–action (after–the–event thinking) and reflection–in–action (thinking while doing). This clearly distinguishes that reflection can occur whilst the action is carried out as it can still benefit the situation rather than reflecting on how things will be done differently for next time. This tool can be effective as it will allow the professional to assess Get more content on HelpWriting.net
  • 17. Literature Review Of Self Efficacy 1. 8.LITERATURE REVIEW Self–efficacy theory was originated from Social Cognitive theory which was introduced by Alberta Bendura. Self–efficacy is the belief that one has the ability to produce that effect by completing a specific task or activity which is related to that competency. Self–efficacy is developed from mastery experiences in which goal is achieved through perseverance and overcoming difficulties and from observing others succeeing through continuous effort. Self–efficacy relates to a person's perception of their ability to reach an aim (Bandura,1986). The perception of being in control of the situation is often referred to as self–efficacy (Bandura, 1984; 1993; 1997). Bandura (1993) defined self–efficacy as a self–evaluation of somebody's competence to successfully execute a course of action that is necessary to reach the desirable outcomes. Some research has investigated the development of individual self–efficacy. For example, self–efficacy is dependent on performance achievement, knowledge and skills in comparison with related ones (Kaufman, 2003). Due to high performance, if someone is confident about ones' knowledge and skills, then self–efficacy promotes. Self–efficacy is also evaluated through comparison with others. Perceived self–efficacy also affects how successfully goals are achieved by influencing the degree of effort and persistence a person will show in the face of difficulties. That is the stronger the perceived self–efficacy, the Get more content on HelpWriting.net
  • 18. Book Review: The Definition Of Literature Review 1.0: The Definition of Literature Review According to Shuttleworth (2016), a literature review can be a forerunner or a guide in the introduction of a research paper, it likewise can be a whole paper in itself, regularly will place on the first stage of large research projects, this will allow the supervisor to find out that the student is on the correct path. A literature review can be portrayed as a report of what has been distributed on a theme by qualified and credited by scholars and researchers (Taylor, 2015). The literature review likewise could be depicted as the system, procedure, and improvement by researchers for reading, evaluating, assessing, and summarising scholarly materials about a particular topic. (Nordquist, 2016). There are still had a tonne...show more content... According to Taylor (2007), the purpose for doing a literature review is want to become an expert and understand your field comprehensively. Besides, literature review also could show that researcher has done analyzed and wrote a critique the theories or methodologies in the field and know the point of view related to the certain topic which is stated by University of Arizona Libraries original website (2015). The third purpose of a literature review is basically to arouse research ideas by researchers to evaluate and determine research questions or hypotheses, which was written by Cronin, et. al (2008, p.1). So, it could be shown that the purpose and why scholars need to do literature review was almost same for one reason, which is evaluated and do much of research in the certain field for further acknowledgeable and understanding. It believes that purpose of literature review could establish the importance and provide a background information about a research topic. 2.2: The Attributes of a Good & Critical Literature Get more content on HelpWriting.net
  • 19. A literature review is an interpretation of arrays of circulating articles written by the scholar–authors' of researchers related to several topics. A literature search for evidence–based research can be overpowering. The Walden University library illuminates on the superlative quality of evidence–based research and which databases to utilize with research searches. Filtered resources are the superlative quality of studies related to evidence–based practice and encompasses systemic reviews, critically appraised topics, and critically–appraised individual articles while unfiltered resources are second along the pecking order which includes "randomized control trials, cohort trials, case–control studies, case series, and case reports (Walden Library, 2015, para. 6). Lastly is the background information and expert opinion, which inherently are not backed by evidence–based studies and comprises "point–of–care resources, textbooks, conference proceedings, etc." (Walden Library, 2015, para. 7). Arrays of individuals diagnosed with cancer experiences anguish and deterioration related to uncontrolled pain. According to Paley (2015), "Forty percent of people with early or intermediate stage cancer and 90% with advanced cancer have moderate to severe pain and up to 70% of patients with cancer inherently do not receive sufficient pain relief" (p. 1). Definitely, there has to be an enhanced approach to alleviate cancer patients' pain, hence what is the superlative interventions to Get more content on HelpWriting.net
  • 20. Literature Review/ Key concepts theories and Theories: The purpose of Literature review is to present an overview of existing scholarly material and to understanding gaps relating to the research area the questions pose. Meharabian and Russell (1974) proposed a theoretical model in which they discussed how service environment stimulates the customer's emotions and there by influences their behavioural intentions. In this model quality of a customer's experience is measured by measuring the emotions of pleasure, arousal and dominance (PAD). Pleasure comes from happiness or satisfaction, arousal is derived from excitement based on environment stimulations and dominance as the ability of the customer to control the environment or feeling in control. Emotions Emotions are a strong feeling deriving from one's circumstances, mood or relationships with others. (Google Sholar). The Mehrabian and Russell model Figure 3 The model focusses on two topics, The emotional impact of physical stimuli and The effects of physical stimuli on variety of behaviours.(Mehrabian and Russell 1974) Mehrabian and Russell defines it as ,the approach "centres on the use of human emotional responses to environments as intervening variables linking the environment to the variety of behaviours it elicits". Later research conducted by Donnavan and Rossiter (1982) finds Dominance emotion does not have a significant impact on customer behaviour. However, In a gambling environment and the intensity of Get more content on HelpWriting.net
  • 21. Literature Review On Childhood Trauma Essay Literature Review Article Critique Jocelyn Claudio Widener University September 25, 2016 Overview The authors of this literature review evaluated studies completed on adults who were 50 years or older and also experienced trauma as a child. They reviewed the impact childhood trauma has on their mental and physical health as older adults. They collected findings from 23 studies that were published between 1996 through 2011 and concluded that childhood trauma did in fact have negative effects on older adults mental and physical health. Although it is well known that trauma at a young age can have serious effects, especially on development, it is interesting to see how it also transitions into late adulthood. Description Research Topic/Purpose The authors aim to identify the mental and physical risks in late adult life that has been negatively influenced by childhood trauma. There are two purposes of this literature review. Results can help develop support or intervention strategies that foster resilience throughout the life course by investigating the correlation childhood trauma has on older adults' well being (Maschi et. al., 2013, p. 62). Another purpose is to address the gap in literature that examines the influence traumatic events has on later life health. Key Concepts of the Literature The key concept of this literature review is to better understand how childhood trauma is associated with mental health, such as post–traumatic stress disorder Get more content on HelpWriting.net