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Parkland Dedication Audit

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Parkland Dedication Audit

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Parkland Dedication Audit

  1. 1. Parkland Dedication Audit March 14, 2019 Workshop Meeting
  2. 2. Park Acreage and Population Growth 0% 1% 2% 3% 4% 5% 6% 7% 8% 2008-09 2009-10 2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17 2017-18 Park Acre % Inc. Population % Inc.
  3. 3. City of College Station Park Inventory Park Type 2008 Acres 2018 Acres Community 287 334 Neighborhood 300 353 587 687 Veterans (regional) 150 149 Lick Creek (regional) 516 523 666 672 Total Acres 1,252 1,359 Lick Creek 38% Community 25% Neighborhood 26% Veterans 11%
  4. 4. - 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 Pharr Edinburg Pearland Killeen Odessa League City Denton Allen Conroe Bryan Richardson Carrollton Lewisville Sugar Land Midland College Station Flower Mound Round Rock Parkland Acres per Thousands People Parkland Dedication No Parkland Dedication
  5. 5. Comparison Examples: Flower Mound: Land Dedication: 1 acre per 30 dwelling units Fee-in-lieu: Fair Market Value Park Development: $278 per dwelling unit Lewisville: Land Dedication: 1 acre per 33 dwelling units Fee-in-lieu: Fair Market Value Park Development: $1,000 per dwelling unit Allen: Land Dedication: 1 acre per 100 dwelling units Fee-in-lieu: Fair Market Value Pearland: Land Dedication: 1 acre per 50 dwelling units Fee-in-lieu: Fair Market Value Edinburg: Land Dedication: 1 acre per 50 dwelling units Fee-in-lieu: $600 per dwelling unit
  6. 6. Texas Parkland Dedication Ordinances Common Features • Land requirement and a fee-in- lieu alternative • Park zones • Timely expenditure (5 or 10 years most common) • Minimum dedication size Uncommon Features • Large number of zones • Extends into the ETJ • Fee for park development • Authority extends beyond neighborhood parks • Complex fee methodology
  7. 7. City of College Station Park Zones
  8. 8. Park Zone Funds (FY13 to FY17) $0 $1,000,000 $2,000,000 $3,000,000 $4,000,000 $5,000,000 $6,000,000 $7,000,000 $8,000,000 FY13 FY14 FY15 FY16 FY17 Contributions Expenditures Ending Balance
  9. 9. Remittance Risk – FY16 to FY18 Risk Level No. of Records Total Dollar Value At-Risk Amount Under Over High 257 $ 0,701,048 $ 0,208,169 ($ 40,545) Medium 164 $ 2,054,998 $ 1,690,871 ($ 33,740) Low 45 $ 0,070,616 $ 0,174,742 ($ 000.00) No 61 $ 2,814,718 $ 0,0000.00 ($ 000.00) Total: 527 $ 5,641,380 $ 2,073,782 ($ 74,285)
  10. 10. Remittance Risk – FY16 to FY18 • Parkland Dedication Exceptions • Condition: 31 records, $756,000 • Cause: Ordinance Complexity • Effect: 13% of collections at high to medium risk • Vesting Requirements • Condition: 299 records, $1,724,000 • Cause: State Law • Effect: 31% of collections at medium to low risk
  11. 11. Remittance Risk – FY16 to FY18 • Parkland Dedication Exceptions • Condition: 31 records, $756,000 • Cause: Ordinance Complexity • Effect: 13% of collections at high to medium risk • Vesting Requirements • Condition: 299 records, $1,724,000 • Cause: State Law • Effect: 31% of collections at medium to low risk
  12. 12. Recommendations 1. Modify the parkland dedication ordinance so that dedication requirements for multifamily developments are proportional to the fee-in-lieu of dedication. 2. Reduce the number of park zones to the fewest number of zones feasible according to legal requirements. 3. Modify or eliminate the discounts built into the park development fee. 4. Develop a more elegant parkland dedication methodology. Any changes made to the ordinance should seek to simplify it instead of adding any additional layers of complexity. 5. Require Parks and Recreation staff to verify parkland dedication acres and fees that have been collected by Planning and Development staff. 6. Consider engaging the Texas Municipal League or other contract partners to advocate on the City’s behalf to modify Texas Local Government Code 245.
  13. 13. Recommendations 1. Modify the parkland dedication ordinance so that dedication requirements for multifamily developments are proportional to the fee-in-lieu of dedication. 2. Reduce the number of park zones to the fewest number of zones feasible according to legal requirements. 3. Modify or eliminate the discounts built into the park development fee. 4. Develop a more elegant parkland dedication methodology. Any changes made to the ordinance should seek to simplify it instead of adding any additional layers of complexity. 5. Require Parks and Recreation staff to verify parkland dedication acres and fees that have been collected by Planning and Development staff. 6. Consider engaging the Texas Municipal League or other contract partners to advocate on the City’s behalf to modify Texas Local Government Code 245.

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