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Arin Khodaverdi


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This Powerpoint describes our personal reality and our environment. Processes and how one gains knowledge is also explained.

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Arin Khodaverdi

  1. 1. How Real is Reality? Arin Khodaverdi Professor Marteney Speech 104 May 13, 2010
  2. 2.  It is difficult for one to understand the difference between personal realities and their environment.  Cognitions (senses), environment (actual surroundings), reality (interpretations), and perception (process that forms our reality) are key to understanding that personal realities are strictly interpretations of what surrounds us in our environment.
  3. 3. Realities are not real… Environment is.  A person's reality consists of anything they can perceive the meanings that are attached. These can be physical objects, people, and situations. However, every person’s perception is different, therefore, each person’s reality is not the same.  Therefore, each person is creating their own world.  Their reality exists to them because they are putting it there, whether they are consciously aware of it or not. They are the ones who perceive, see, smell, taste, and decide what their reality consists of.
  4. 4.  Main Entry: re·al·i·ty  Pronunciation: rē-ˈa-lə-tē  Function: noun  Inflected Form(s): plural re·al·i·ties  Reality : the quality or state of being real
  5. 5. How do we create our reality?  Perception is the process where one attaches meaning to what surrounds us through our senses through selection, organization, and interpretation.  Selective Perception is what one decides to hear, see, and ultimately believe to be their reality in order to accommodate with their personal needs.
  6. 6.  We create our own world.  People use their culture and experiences to create their reality and their own world.  Each language and culture creates a different world for each person, or world perception. Our perception of the world are always shaped by our conceptual schemes.
  7. 7. How does one choose what they believe?
  8. 8. Optical Illusions  Our brain takes in cognitions from the environment to invent a desirable and believable reality.  However, cognitions can also trick our minds into seeing an illusion. These cognitions become distorted in such a way for the brain to again create a reality.  This can be understood by simply looking at an optical illusion.
  9. 9. Artists that use Illusions  Maurits Cornelis Escher is known for his famous artworks that challenge the mind to see different perspectives at the same time, and truly make an effort to understand the environment as a whole rather than objects in the environment.  Maurits Cornelis Escher’s “Three Worlds” shows different perspectives and the fact that you don’t initially know which way the artwork is meant to be held. I felt confused since my brain was being challenged to see the different perspectives, and it was being challenged to finally understand and come face to face with false reality.  Swedish artist Oscar Reutersvard is the "father of impossible figures." He was the first to deliberately make impossible figures
  10. 10. How do we come to know things?  Rationalists argued that knowledge is based on reasoning inside our minds.  Empiricist disagreed saying that all knowledge must come from the senses.  The way we perceive the world is by our sensory apparatus. We have concepts and are necessary, but we cannot change them. However, how we conceive the world is shaped by the concepts. The senses perceive only the surface of things, but reason is able to grasp the inner core of things.  We know the world through the changing sensations, but the mind has to see the world as stable. Our mind is unified, so our sensations have to be organized as well in order to have knowledge. Knowledge begins with the senses, but these senses must have a rational structure. Rationalists and Empiricists must come together. You can’t have knowledge without both of these theories working together.
  11. 11.  It is important for one not to modify their reality. One must consume their environment, and not let their brain fool them into changing the situation into something that is more comfortable or appealing.  One must argue for their reality, instead of modifying it.
  12. 12. The End