The Master’s men - Part 2 Introduction 2nd part Mathew 10:1 to 4
INTRODUCTION to the topic and contextual background Our world requires certain standards to be met if a certain position is to be occupied. However when we look at the 12 that . Jesus chose to be those that would help him spread the Gospel, we can see that they are just ordinary men who are imperfect just like you and me and they are but a few. Yet by God’s grace we can see these committed men accomplish great things for Christ. This has always been God’s way when he choose to accomplish things through the undeserving and the few in order that his name might be glorified. Mathew Chapter 10 is all about the 3rd phase of Jesus training of these twelve men, their internship.
A number of things can be learned from this list of names:1.) Peter mentioned first - In the four New Testament lists of the apostles (Matt.10:2-4; Mark 3:16-19; Luke 6:14-16; and Acts) Peter is always named first. Firstdoes not refer to the .first one called but refers his being “foremost in rank.”They were all equal in terms of divine commissioning, authority and power, butthey had a leader.2.) All four lists of the apostles are divided into the same three subgroups – - The first group includes Peter, Andrew, James, and John; - The second includes Philip, Bartholomew, Thomas, and Matthew; and - The third includes James the son of Alphaeus, Thaddaeus, Simon the Zealot, and Judas Iscariot.
- The names are in different orders within the groups, but they always includethe same four names and the first name in each group is always the same,suggesting that each group had its own identity and leader.- The first group includes those Jesus called first (though not in the individual .order), the second includes those He called next, and the third group those Hecalled last.- We know a great deal about the men in the first group, much less about thosein the second, and almost nothing about those in the third except for Judas- There is also decreasing intimacy with Jesus. The first four constitutedJesus’ inner circle of disciples; Little is said about His direct instruction or workwith the second group, and almost nothing about close contact with the third.- The first group included two sets of brothers, Peter and Andrew and Jamesand John, all of whom were fishermen. Matthew was a tax collector, but weknow nothing of the occupations of any of the other seven.
3.) They had different temperamentsPeter, for example, was impulsive, anatural leader, and a. man of action.John, on the other hand, appears tohave become quiet. In the firsttwelve chapters of Acts we read ofPeter and John working closelytogether during the early days of thechurch. It must have been a helpfullearning experience for both of them,with Peter anxious to charge aheadand John wanting to think thingsover first. Peter did all thepreaching.Thomas was skepticaland Simon the Zealot was a radical