The Master’s men - Part 1 Introduction 1st part Mathew 10:1 to 4
INTRODUCTION to the topic and contextual background Until this stage of His ministry, Jesus had ministered alone. He had the . companionship of the twelve disciples but none of them participated in His ministry except as an observer. Then He began the first stages of commissioning those twelve to join Him as fellow workers. The major thrust of Jesus’ commissioning process begins in verse 5 of Matthew 10 and continues through the chapter as the Lord sets forth His foundational instructions for ministry. But in the first four verses Matthew gives three essentials of the commissioning.
I – THEIR INITIATIONAnd having summoned His twelve disciples, He gave them authority(10:1a) “Ug ang iyang napulog-duha ka mga tinun-an iyang gitawagngadto kaniya, ug . iyang gihatagan silag kagahum. . . ”.The verb behind having summoned is proskale, a compound of kale (tocall) and pros (toward, or to). It is an intense term that means to callsomeone to oneself in order to confront him face to face.When Jesus summoned His twelve disciples, He was making more thana casual request. The choice of verbs seems to imply that thissummoning was connected to an official commissioning to the Lord’sservice. Here Matthew refers to the twelve as disciples, whereas in thenext verse he calls them apostles. Mathts (disciples) refers to those wholearn under the instruction of a master teacher. Apostoloi (“apostles,”v.2) refers to qualified representatives who are sent out on a mission.
There were four general phases in Jesus’ training of the disciples to beapostles.1.) Their conversion - Where they believed him to be the Messiah .2.) Their initial calling to follow Him. – Where the twelve werehandpicked out of all those who followed Christ.3.) Their training (internship), which they experienced as they lived withJesus constantly for three years, to be taught both by His instruction andby His example. It is this phase that is highlighted in Matthew 10.4.) The fourth and final phase of the disciples’ training began afterJesus’ resurrection and ascension.
Behind Jesus’ training of the twelve are several observations1.) These men were chosen sovereignly by God - None of the twelveinitiated the idea of following Jesus and becoming His disciples, much .less His apostles. It was entirely God’s planning and doing. (John 15:16)2.) The twelve were chosen after prayer - The men were Christ’schoice, and His choice was His Father’s choice. Jesus sought theFather’s will in everything He did, doing absolutely nothingindependently or on His own initiative (John 5:19, 30; 8:28). (Luke 6:12).3.) The twelve were chosen to be prepared - Even though they wereconverted and called, they were far from ready to serve the Lord.Training is an essential part of any work, including the Lord’s. For threeyears they walked with Jesus—watching, listening, observing, learning.4.) They were chosen to be sent (Mathew 28:19,20)
The disciples were just human beings just like you and me and hadseveral human weaknesses among them are:1.) Their lack of spiritual understanding. – (Matt. 15:15-16, Luke18:31-34, John 21) .2.) Their lack of humility. (Mark 9:33-34, Matt. 20:20-24)3.) Lack of faith. (Mark 4:40). (Mark 16:14).4.) Lack of commitment (Mark 14:50)5.) Lack of power (Mathew 17:16-20)Despite their many weaknesses, God used these men mightily that lateron in Acts the disciples whom the religious leaders knew to be“uneducated and untrained men, began to recognize them as havingbeen with Jesus” (Acts 4:13).
II – THEIR IMPACTHe gave them authority over unclean spirits, to cast them out, and toheal every kind of disease and every kind of sickness. (10:lb) “gihatagansilag kagahum batok sa mga mahugawng espiritu, aron sa pagpagula .niini, ug sa pag-ayo sa tanang mga sakit ug sa tanang kaluyahon”Exousia (authority) is from a verb that means “it is lawful,” and ittherefore refers to a right or power that is legitimately delegated. Jesusgranted the twelve disciples God’s divine authority to do exactly what HeHimself had been doing.The apostles manifested the kind of kingdom power that their Lord hadmanifested, and by their faithful obedience they turned Jerusalem andthen the world upside down (Acts 17:6). Jesus promised that they woulddo “greater works” (in extent, not power)