the ground is Maat. This is all possible because these elements are true, and a true friendof Maat.       Maat for the Kem...
Wylie Jason D. Tidwell                                                                                    BLS 305         ...
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A detailed description of the Egyptian concept of Maat; their guiding religious and spiritual doctrine.

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  1. 1. the ground is Maat. This is all possible because these elements are true, and a true friendof Maat. Maat for the Kemites (Egyptians) was both cosmic and earthly law. Ultimately,Maat is so all encompassing that she is ultimately incomprehensible. The concept ofspeaks truth and do truth was their national philosophy. To know the truth you onlyneeded to listen to your heart, which was in touch with your consciousness also know asKa. Maat is also the basis for Kemetic philosophy among other things. It is believed bythem that Maat is an invisible spirit order of heaven, the cosmos, and the earth it self. Ra(the ancient Egyptian sun god) swallowed Maat when he emerged from the primevalNun, and Maat is the paradigm of order in heaven and upon earth.
  2. 2. Wylie Jason D. Tidwell BLS 305 November 9, 2005 Maat Every ancient civilization has a guiding principle, and in ancient Kemet (Egypt)their guiding principle was the concept of Maat. It was believed that Maat was thepersonification of the fundamental order of the universe, without which all of creationwould perish. The primary duty of the pharaoh was to uphold this order by maintainingthe law and administering justice. At any event in which something would be judged,Maat was said to be present, and her name would be invoked so that the judge involvedwould rule correctly and impartially. In Kemet, it is the moral code that helped protect the country from disorder,chaos, famine, and misery. In the underworld, Annibus (the most important god of thedead but he was replaced during the Middle Kingdom by Osiris) weighed the heart of thedeceased against Maats feather. If the heart was heavy with wicked deeds, it wouldoutweigh the feather, and the soul would be fed to Ammit (Eater of the Dead). However,if the scales were balanced, indicating that the deceased was a just and honorable personin life, he would be welcomed by Osiris (a merciful judge of the dead in the afterlife, butalso the underworld agency that granted all life, including sprouting vegetation and thefertile flooding of the Nile River) into the Blessed Land. Maats presence in all worldswas universal. In reality, Maat is what is really true. While the physical and the materialrepresent an aspect of reality, the spirit, or the invisible force that gives rise to andsustains physical and natural life, the reality of Maat. A cloud is Maat, and even dirt on